2013-14 Catalogs

Course Descriptions

Community Planning and Development

CPD 501 Planning Theory and History
This course introduces students to basic elements of planning theory and history. Other topics covered include planning in a diverse society and an introduction to ethical issues facing planners. Cr 3.

CPD 502 Sustainable Communities
CPD 602 is designed for students who have previously been exposed to planning history and theory (CPD 601 or its equivalent). Its purpose is to introduce the student to one current approach to community planning, known as sustainable communities, which embraces a holistic approach to community development as a goal to be pursued in the complex interplay among natural, economic, and social systems. The course aims to establish command of the basic concepts, principles, policies, and obstacles associated with sustainable development, sustainable communities, and, as a practical example, smart growth. Prerequisite: CPD 601 or instructor permission. Cr 3.

CPD 505 Elements of Plan Making
The course focuses on the foundations of planning primarily at the regional, local, and neighborhood levels. It covers the legal and political foundations of plan making, including an introduction to planning and zoning law; the architecture of plans; and themes around the integration of planning elements, such as transportation/land use and urban form/classical zoning. Cr 3.

CPD 515 Citizen Involvement and Dispute Resolution in Planning
Introduces students to the processes of conflict resolution, stakeholder involvement, communication with non-technical audiences, and styles of leadership that are essential to effective adoption and implementation of plans. Cr 3.

CPD 581 Global Planning Issues: Megacities and Megacity Regions
This course provides an overview of the interactive factors that shape the socio-economic and physical structures of megacities around the world. Students will examine the processes that influence urbanization and gain an understanding of the contemporary state of the world’s cities, with a particular focus on megacities. Students will be exposed to issues confronted by citizens, policy makers and planners in those megacities. The course is organized geographically and will focus on selected megacities in Latin America, Africa, Asia, in addition to Europe and the United States. Cr 3.

CPD 603 Planning Workshop
This course will center around one or more group projects in planning and/or economic development. It will focus on getting students to be able to design, research, produce, and communicate professional-level projects during one semester, and is intended to serve as the foundation for the capstone. Cr 3.

CPD 616 Planning Law
This course will cover the procedures and practices employed in the implementation of land use plans, programs, and policies, including zoning, subdivision regulations, site plan review procedures, and official mapping. The course covers the use of nonregulatory methods of implementation such as tax incentives, capital planning and budgeting, special assessment districts, and tax increment financing. Cr 3.

CPD 622 Introduction to Arc/GIS
An introduction to the ArcGIS program, a Windows-based Geographic Information Systems program. Covers beginning and intermediate uses of the program. This course is available for all CPD degree tracks. Cr 1-3.

CPD 625 Community Planning Analysis and Land Use Modeling
Introduction to estimating and projecting the demand for land, housing, and public space for long-range land use planning; developing future growth scenarios at the town and regional scale; and using GIS tools such as buildout calculators and planning support systems to organize and visualize these analyses. Prerequisite: CPD 622 (or GEO 308, or GEO 408, or GEO 508, or GEO 518, or GEO 608, or GEO 618) and CPD 660 (or CPD 661), or instructor permission. Cr 3.

CPD 552 Introduction to Community Development
An investigation of the nature and role of community development activities as a strategy to increase the assets a community has at its disposal to solve problems. Examines both local government and not-for-profit sector organizations for community development with a focus on public/private partnerships and community development corporations as major vehicles for contemporary community development efforts, as well as the continuing role of the federal Community Development Block Grant program. Cr 3.

CPD 659 Topics in Growth Management
This class will cover current and emerging issues in Growth Management. Cr. 3.

CPD 660 Introduction to Comprehensive Planning
This course will examine the methods and techniques of preparing small-area and community land use plans, with particular emphasis on rural and small town planning incorporating housing, transportation, development, and resource protection. Techniques for preparing community resource and problem inventories, population and employment forecasts, assessing land consumption trends, and public involvement also will be covered. Prerequisite: CPD 505 or instructor permission. Cr 3.

CPD 661 The Site Planning ProcessThis course will provide an introduction to environmental planning and assessment concepts and skills associated with the development of sites for human use. Emphasis is given to the development of particular tracts or parcels of land in Maine.  Cr 3.

CPD 664 Principles of Town Design
This course addresses a range of community design and site design issues at the local level. It requires a student to become familiar with literature on town design, conduct field observations and measurements, perform limited land use ordinance research, and communicate design observations and ideas in writing, through drawing, by using photographs, newspaper research, as well as in class discussions. Cr 3.

CPD 665 Transportation Planning
The basic elements of transportation planning and engineering and the relationship between transportation planning and land use will be examined throughout this course. Cr 3.

CPD 667 Housing and Real Estate
This course provides an introduction to major economic, social, and historical factors affecting the development of the housing marketplace and the interplay between these factors and land use planning. Cr 3.

CPD 668 Local Environmental Planning
This course provides an in-depth look at several contemporary environmental protection issues and planning responses pursued by local governments and their community-based partners. Selected scientific and technical aspects of environmental protection are introduced for laypersons, with a focus on landscape ecology and water quality issues and their other applications to biodiversity, watersheds, and growth management. Cr 3.

CPD 669 Historic Preservation through Growth Management
This course examines the policy foundations for preservation of historic landmarks, buildings, districts, and other cultural resources, including elements of preservation-planning for rural and urban areas. It also provides students the opportunity to identify and evaluate historic, cultural, and natural resources in the comprehensive planning process. Cr 3.

CPD 670 Growth Management Workshop
Growth Management refers to the legal and political arrangements through which state, local, and regional governments share authority and responsibilities for shaping overall patterns of development. This course provides background on the history, principles, and track record of growth management in the United States. Through a semester-long workshop format, students will have hands-on opportunities to learn how state and local governments in Maine interact under Maine's Growth Management Program. Prerequisite: CPD 660 and CPD 661 or CPD 664. Cr 3.

CPD 672 Food Planning and Policy
This course is designed to build knowledge of the food system, how it functions and t interacts–or could–with planning and public policy. The intent of the course is to familiarize students with basic issues in the production, distribution, marketing, and disposal of food, especially with regard to those elements that can be influenced by civic action and public regulation. The course is a seminar and will develop and challenge students’ thinking through readings and structured discussions. Students should have an increased understanding of food systems as a planning and community development topic, the forces shaping food systems, dimensions of conventional and alternative models, and their own relationship and choices with regard to the contemporary American food system. Cr 3.

CPD 674 Social Justice and Planning
Sustainability as a model for development and planning seeks to balance three things: (1) environmental protection and conservation of natural resources, (2) economic growth and development, and (3) social equity. Other CPD courses focus on the first two objectives; this course focuses on the social equity objective. Specifically, the course examines the equity and justice issues embedded in economic development and environmental protection efforts as well as the problems those efforts are attempting to solve. Topics covered include: economic and social justice theories and debates; poverty and inequality; economic development, displacement, and gentrification; jobs and the environment; environmental justice; fairness in adaption to climate change; consumption, population, and the environment; immigration and relocation; and intergenerational equity and sustainability. Cr 3.

CPD 676 Energy Policy and Planning
This class will introduce the field of energy systems policy and planning with a view to providing students the background in energy issues, law, economics, and politics to effectively plan for energy use and production at the regional and local levels. The course will cover the history of energy use in industrial economies, competition between renewable and nonrenewable energy sources and between increased supply and reduced demand as the paths to energy futures. Particular attention will be focused on state and local aspects of energy policy, including energy facility siting and electricity market regulation. The course will also cover the evolution of energy supply and conservation technologies and their potential impacts in transportation and the built environments. (Cr 3)

CPD 677 Climate Adaptation Planning
This course provides planning students background and skills in this new and rapidly evolving sub-discipline. Sample topics include how to conduct a climate vulnerability assessment, how to revise comprehensive plans with changing climate as a major consideration, and how to integrate ethics, economics, natural resources concerns, and community interests into a coherent adaptation response. Numerous international case studies provide context and help students form their own ideas about which categories of adaptive capacity they would like to enhance and in which sector.

CPD 695 Independent Study Prerequisite: instructor permission. Cr 3.

CPD 696 Field Experience
Internship in a planning or development agency. Students without significant professional experience in the planning or development field will complete a field experience. Students should consult their advisor or the program chair early in their career to assess the need for a field experience and identify suitable options for filling this requirement. Students with sufficient professional experience (generally six months or more in a responsible position in a planning or development agency) may have this requirement waived. Prerequisite: instructor permission.  Cr 0.

CPD 699 Capstone
Students will complete an individual or appropriate team project resulting in a paper that demonstrates competence to undertake professional planning work and an integrative understanding of the elements of the CPD curriculum. The capstone is completed under the supervision of a faculty advisor. The student must present a prospectus of the project to their advisor, complete a written report, and make an oral presentation of the results of the project. Prerequisite: CPD 603 or instructor permission. Cr 3.

Public Health

MPH 525 American Health System
American Health System introduces students to the organization, financing, and management of the American healthcare and public health systems, and the dynamic changes that are affecting health organizations as a result of market-based and policy forces. Students develop an understanding of: (1) the key components of healthcare and public health, (2) how organizations and systems are financed, regulated, and managed in a dynamic market and policy environment, (3) the changing role of population health and public health systems, and (4) the efficiency, effectiveness and equity of health services.  Cr 3.

MPH 535 Introduction to Epidemiological Research
This course is intended to give students a basic foundation in principles for the conduct and interpretation of population-based studies of the distribution, etiology, and control of disease. Topics include randomized experiments, non-randomized cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional and ecological studies, screening of health populations, measures of effect, causal inference, sources of bias, and problems of measurement. Recent publications from the epidemiologic and general medical literature will be used to illustrate the application of the concepts to specific epidemiologic issues and to develop skills in interpreting quantitative information.  Cr 3.

MPH 539 Topics in Public Health I
This course (offered only periodically) will examine various selected topics in public health. Cr 3.
MPH 545 Applied Biostatistical Analysis
This course is intended to give students a working understanding of the major types of biostatistical analysis used in public health, laboratory sciences, and clinical research. Topics include point and interval estimation, application of the binomial and Poisson distributions, hypothesis testing, cross-tabulations and stratified analysis, comparison of rates and means, multiple linear regression, logistic regression, and the Cox proportional hazards model. The course is designed primarily for students with little formal training in biostatistics, but may also prove valuable to other students who desire a course providing an integrated approach to diverse biostatistical techniques within an applied framework. Students learn to interpret results produced from standard statistical software packages.  Cr 3.

MPH 555 Environmental Health
This course provides students with an extensive introduction to scientific approaches to the investigation and modification of the effects of environmental factors on human health. Contributions of the fields of toxicology and epidemiology and the implications of research findings for policy and regulation are examined. Topic areas include toxic metals, pesticides and other organic chemicals, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, vector-borne diseases, pollution of air and water, occupational exposures, injuries, and the health effects of global warming. The roles of local, state, and federal governments in environmental health are critically evaluated, as are initiatives by non- governmental organizations.  Cr 3.

MPH 565 Social and Behavioral Health
This course provides an overview of the social and behavioral determinants of health including a review of epidemiological data. The course addresses several prominent theories, models and frameworks used to help design, implement, and evaluate public health interventions. Examples of their application to specific public health efforts will be discussed. This course is designed to prepare students to incorporate theory-driven approaches, concepts, and frameworks into public health practice.  Cr 3.

MPH 575 Health Systems Organization and Management
This course provides students with an overview of organizational structures and relationships, management tasks and responsibilities, and related operational skills and knowledge.  The course emphasizes evidence-based practices in the management of public health and healthcare organizations, human resources, performance and conflict management, and leadership skills.  In addition to a midterm and final, students will work with case studies and current organizational challenges encountered as communities and health systems seek new ways of doing business.  Cr 3.

MPH 625 Leadership and Professional Development
Students read and discuss the evolution of prevailing leadership theories, processes and dynamics in public health and health care systems, and evidence-based management and leadership methods. In addition to team development experience, students will begin or expand their exploration of personal values and professional development plans, and practice receptive and expressive communication skills.  Cr 3.

MPH 630 Health Planning and Marketing
Students gain familiarity with and practice applying the principles and concepts of systems thinking, planning and marketing, in the context of public health, health care delivery and health-related policy, practice and management. Students will explore the multi-disciplinary theories, metrics of planning and marketing methods, as well as the unique dimensions of health-related matters that influence their use in this field.  Cr 3.

MPH 635 Health Law and Ethics
Health Law and Ethics explores legal and ethical issues that permeate the public and private health care systems. Students examine key elements of our legal system that govern and influence healthcare, including the U.S. constitution, federal and state laws, administrative law and judicial decisions. Students will use the case study method to scrutinize ethical and legal issues in health practice, administration and research, and analyze functions and interactions between courts, legislators and regulators. Topics covered include: the regulatory oversight of health care affecting health care delivery, payment, market entry and access; current and historical issues in public health and ethics; and client/patient rights issues, such as consent, confidentiality, and healthcare decision making. This course explores the inherent tension between promoting the public health and protecting the legal and ethical rights and interests of individuals. Student will study a variety of ethical frameworks to reconcile dilemmas in healthcare practice and when the interests of the larger community may be at odds with those of individuals.  Cr 3.

MPH 639 Topics in Public Health II
This course (offered only periodically) will examine various selected topics in public health. Cr 3.

MPH 640 Health Finance I
Students learn analytical techniques for examining and understanding the financial characteristics and performance of health care organizations. Students develop an understanding of the revenue cycle, cost and pricing structures, and budgeting in different health care organizations as well as the management of these critical financial activities.  Cr 3.

MPH 645 Health Finance II
Students develop an understanding of financial investment analysis, capital budgeting and decision-making, sources of capital for health care organizations, and financial business planning. Students work with case materials on the financial dimensions of special topics such as managed care and prospective reimbursement, mergers, and acquisitions, pay for performance, taxes, and real estate across different health care organizations. Prerequisite: MPH 640 (or HPM 634).  Cr 2.

MPH 650 Applied Public Health Research and Evaluation
This course provides students with an understanding of the fundamentals of evaluation and research as applied to public health interventions. The course covers process, outcome, impact, and participatory evaluation, and a number of research/evaluation designs common in public health. Students will gain skills in framing evaluation questions, developing abstracts, conducting focus groups and writing an evaluation plan. Prerequisites: MPH 565(or HPM 682).  Cr 3.

MPH 655 Public Health Practice
This course is designed to introduce students to building and sustaining coalitions or partnerships, writing in public health,, using program management tools, reviewing public health evidence, addressing vulnerable populations, assessing performance, influencing health policy, and delivering and monitoring public health intervention.  Cr 3.

MPH 660 Health Policy
Students gain an understanding of the political dynamics of health policy making and develop practical skills required for effective work as policy analysts and advocates in various settings. The course uses analytic models, case studies, guest speakers, readings, group discussion, and in-class exercises to promote a practical understanding of how ideas succeed—and fail—to become laws and regulations.  Cr 3.

MPH 665 Health Economics
The first part of this course (economics and public policy foundation) introduces the student to the basic concepts and analytical tools of microeconomics and demonstrates how these concepts are used in analyzing public policy problems and designing appropriate responses. The second part of this course, the health economics module, applies these concepts and tools to understand the demand for and supply of health care and the role that government plays in how resources are allocated within our health care and public health systems. Selected topics are presented in more depth including economic impact and cost-benefit analysis of public health interventions and the role that evidence-based medicine and health information technology may play in improving health care markets.  Cr 3.

MPH 670 Quality Improvement
This course introduces students to the principles and practice of quality improvement in medical care and public health organizations. The course content focuses on describing, measuring, improving, and evaluating the quality of health care for patients and populations. Students develop competencies in identifying and conceptualizing opportunities for quality improvement; selecting and using quality improvement tools and methods; and presenting their work in professional meetings. The theories and concepts of quality measurement, quality improvement implementation, and evaluation are presented. Students become familiar with a range of commonly used quality improvement tools and methods and gain experience in applying them. Examples and case studies are drawn from medical care providers and public health programs. Prerequisites: MPH 525 (or HPM 570) or instructor permission.  Cr 3.

MPH 675 Health Information Management
This course addresses the uses of health information by managers. With an emphasis on strategic management that depends on timely, accurate information, the course inventories the numerous systems (patient record, finance, scheduling, laboratory, pharmacy, etc.) within the health care system that generate such information, with current examples from southern Maine organizations. Uses of such information for managing population health, and for identifying and addressing community needs and public health issues are also addressed. Other course topics include data security, the procurement of information systems, and the use of health information technology for process improvement.  Cr 3.

MPH 680 Professional Opportunities and Development
This course is a professional development seminar including informal conversations and networking opportunities.  Guests will include alumni and health leaders.  The course will meet five times during the semester.  Students will prepare personal professional development plans to help guide and shape their career paths.  Cr 1.

MPH 681 Seminar in Public Health – Behavioral Health
Persons in need of mental health care often encounter a fragmented array of public and private sector services, supported by restrictive financing. This course applies a public health perspective to the delivery of mental health services to analyze the needs of different groups for care and to help develop policies and strategies to better meet these needs. The course is taught in a seminar format and includes guest discussions from Maine’s mental health community. No previous background in mental health is required but students are expected to be active class participants. Course requirements include a short “response” paper on a mental health policy question; responsibility for leading/co-leading the discussion section of one class session; and a longer paper on a topic chosen by the student in consultation with the instructor.  Cr 3.

MPH 682 Seminar in Public Health – Long-Term Care
Persons in need of services and supports over the long term, and their loved ones, often encounter a fragmented array of public and private sector services, supported by restrictive financing and confusing policies. This course applies a public health perspective to the differing goals and varying needs of adults with need for assistance from others, and policies and strategies to address these needs. The course is taught in a seminar format and includes guest discussions with Maine’s long term care policy leaders. Students are expected to be active class participants. No previous background in long term care is required. Course requirements include a short “response” paper on a long term care policy question; responsibility for leading/co-leading the discussion section of one class session; and a longer paper on a topic chosen by the student in consultation with the instructor.  Cr 3.

MPH 685 Using Public Health Data
Students will gain hands-on experience working with data, analyzing data quality, and using data management and statistical analysis tools.  The goal of this course is to provide students with the technical skills to conduct and report basic quantitative analyses.  Students will explore commonly-used public health data sets.  Cr 3.

MPH 690 Public Health Policy for Children and Families
 

MPH 697Independent Study
An independent study is a self-directed learning experience designed to develop a student’s ability to plan, organize, research, and report as well as develop specific skills beyond the classroom activity. Independent studies are intended to provide exposure to concepts or topics which are not covered by any other course in the program.  An independent study must be related to students’ academic program and is monitored by a program faculty member. Independent studies may take the form of either a reading or a special project.  Prerequisite: instructor permission.  Cr 3.

MPH 698 Field Experience
The Field Experience offers experience-based learning in a healthcare or public health organization. Students work in community health settings in organizations delivering and planning health or public health services on jointly developed projects or assignments based on the student’s interests and the organization’s needs. Sites include state or local public health agencies, hospitals, medical practices, clinics, special problem clinics and facilities, and environmental programs and services.  Prerequisite: instructor permission.  Cr 3.

MPH 699 Capstone
In this integrative, experience-based course, students work with a faculty advisor to develop and complete a project to address a management, policy or practice problem in their area of interest. Students develop and present a formal project proposal and present their final product upon completion.  Prerequisite: instructor permission.  Cr 3.

Public Policy and Management

PPM 503C Applied Cost-Benefit Analysis
This course provides an opportunity to learn how to conduct cost-benefit analysis. Students will work individually and in teams to analyze the quantitative and qualitative issues involved in measuring and forecasting costs and benefits and in preparing analysis for decision makers. The emphasis will be on learning the practical issues involved in conducting cost-benefit analysis. It is assumed that students will be familiar with the underlying economic theory, either from an economics course or from the text. The course will use Microsoft Excel for the analytical exercises. Students may use another spreadsheet or statistics package, but instruction will focus on Excel. Cr 1.

PPM 503H Graphing Data with Excel
This course provides students with the skills to use graphs effectively, to illustrate data and communicate findings. Students will use Excel charting features to prepare and refine a variety of chart types, evaluate the technical aspects and communication impact of graphs and visual transformation of data.  Cr 1.

PPM 511 Economic Business Data and Measurement
This course introduces students to economic and business data commonly used in public policy and to methodologies used in constructing data. Some knowledge of economics is preferred, but not required, through PPM 611 or any previous introductory economics course. In most classes an issue is featured with an underlying data set to frame the importance of understanding data and to make the course relevant to contemporary policy issues. Cr 3.

PPM 517 Practical Strategies for Effective Management
This course provides practical and hands-on tools and practices for effective management of complex organizations. Strategies include best practices in hiring and staff evaluation, succession management, time and communication management, goal setting, and other managerial and organizational approaches for day-to-day operations. Case studies and problem-solving strategies are integral to the course. This course is taught online. Cr 3

PPM 519 Communication for Public and Nonprofit Managers
Grounded in classic and contemporary communication theory, the class is designed to prepare managers to communicate effectively with multiple constituencies.  Through written assignments, lectures, case studies, and guest speakers students learn the best ways to employ social media and the web; develop outreach strategies; testify before legislative bodies; collaborate with the private sector; inform the general public of decisions and regulatory actions; convey scientific, legal, and technical information effectively; prepare briefing memos; and take advantage of the expertise of advisory groups and boards of directors. The class has a significant writing component, as well as a final oral project. Cr 3.

PPM 521 Social Justice Theory and Policy Analysis
All public policy solutions to problems are confronted with having to make trade-offs between economic efficiency and other societal goals including equity, equality, personal freedom, community cohesion and security. While these trade-offs are addressed in other PPM, CPD and HPM courses, this course will focus on those trade-offs. The course will introduce students to the competing theories of social justice. Topic areas for application include: poverty and inequality; education and equal opportunity; affirmative action; civil rights and same-sex marriage; disability, illness, and health care; organ donation; reproductive rights, adoption and surrogacy; population, consumption, and sustainability; socially responsible business; criminal justice, rehabilitation, and punishment. Cr 3.

PPM 524 Gender, Race and Public Policy
Ideas about gender and race implicitly and explicitly influence policy development and implementation. Moreover, because of differential levels of social, economic and political power policy decisions can impact women and men, whites and people of color, differently. Although gender and race will be the primary categories of analysis, we will examine the ways culture and class interact with gender and race to influence policy decisions and impacts. Policy areas covered will include affirmative action, education, work and family, poverty and welfare reform, reproduction and family planning, civil and human rights. While the focus is primarily on the U.S., international perspectives and examples will be used as well. Cr 3.

PPM 528 Comparative Public Policy and Administration
This course examines how and why policies on issues like social welfare, health, education, and immigration differ markedly from nation to nation. Can we find the answers in contrasting cultures, societal organizations, policy processes, or some mix of all of these explanations? Analytical tools and information will be introduced to help develop skills of critical analysis for a better understanding of public policy and organizational management in a comparative context, providing an opportunity to explore how and why public policies among various nations differ, how they are shaped by different administrative structures, and providing useful information to those whose career paths include a global perspective. Cr 3.

PPM 531 Measuring Performance in the Public and Nonprofit Sectors
This course is an introduction to performance measurement and other related activities such as strategic planning and benchmarking. Students who complete the course will be prepared to develop basic performance indicators for public and nonprofit agencies in a variety of policy and management arenas. Specific attention is given to reviewing a variety of performance indicator systems currently in use or under development in Maine and elsewhere. Readings, interactive lectures, guided Internet research, class work, and graded assignments will be designed to help students understand how to do performance measurement and will provide students with practice conceptualizing and developing measures. An emphasis will be placed on “hands-on” learning so that students gain confidence in using measurement techniques and learn how to apply practical measurement strategies in real world settings. Cr 3.

PPM 533 State Administration and Policy
Study of the management of state government and policy creation at the state level.  Understanding of managerial problems confronting managers in state government.  Emphasis on state governments as innovators and their role in comparison to federal and local government. The course is divided into two parts, understanding the management aspects and comparison of the practices that lead to different state policies.  A comparative paper will be a major component of the course. Students will keep in touch with current activities of states through magazine and local papers regarding Maine state government.  Most topics will be developed through article readings. Cr 3

PPM 534 Managing Cities, Towns and Counties
This course explores essential themes providing students with a theoretical understanding of the fundamental issues involved in managing our complex and diverse urban environments. Special emphasis will be placed on examining emerging management issues that have sparked a new demand for excellence and innovation in city governments. While the city of Portland will serve as a useful reference point, the course will also explore the difficult management issues involved in our larger central cities. Cr 3.

PPM 535 Managing in the Nonprofit Sector
An examination of the managerial dimensions of nonprofit organizations. Major foci include the nonprofit environment, organizational roles and processes, interagency relationships, and problems of change and adaptability. Specific attention is given to current issues in nonprofit management such as strategic planning, board/staff relationships, computerization of the workplace, fund raising, and volunteer development. Cr 3.

PPM 545 Grant Writing and Development  in the Nonprofit Organization
Concentrates on the process of securing the resources to support effective nonprofit projects. The goal of the course is to prepare students to identify sources of funding, write proposals that will attract grant awards, and develop an understanding of what it takes to build an organization that foundations, public entities, and individual donors are confident in supporting. The course will begin with an examination of current trends in this post-industrial economy in which money is available to the voluntary and private sector. It will also focus on the importance of understanding the “ways of money” and knowing how to develop and administer a budget that will inspire trust in the organization’s reputation for effectively managing its programs and its fiscal resources. Cr 3.

PPM 550 State and Regional Economic Development
This course surveys basic regional economic concepts, economic impact analysis, and economic modeling. Students work extensively with economic data for Maine and other states. Cr 3.

PPM 553 Volunteer Engagement and Management
Volunteer engagement and management focuses on the dynamics of volunteerism in nonprofit organizations and in the life of communities. This course exposes students to strategic and comprehensive skills for managing volunteers, and examines definitions, values, and standards as well as what constitutes effective practice in the field of volunteer resources management today. While the course is especially designed for current or future executives and managers of nonprofit organizations and volunteers, it will also benefit others who plan to work with volunteers and those who want to develop their own vision or work on policy in the field of volunteerism. Cr 3.

PPM 601 Applied Statistics for Public Policy and Management
Introduces students to a variety of analytical approaches to studying management, planning, and policy questions. The course concentrates on the acquisition of skills that will enable students to choose and apply statistical methodology appropriately, and to evaluate critically work done by others. Topics include data description and summarization, introduction to inferential statistics, hypothesis testing, measures of association, correlation analysis, and introduction to linear regression analysis. Cr 3.

PPM 602 Research Design
Focuses on social research as it applies to policy and organizational analysis. Emphasis is on the employment of the scientific method. Basic dimensions of social science inquiry are covered: philosophy of science, research ethics, processes of theory construction, hypothesis testing, validity and reliability issues of measurement, and methods of data collection. Includes survey of applied social research techniques. Course materials are specifically designed to illustrate the particular research problem faced by policy analysts and public/nonprofit managers. Prerequisite: PPM 601. Cr 3.

PPM 603A Applied Survey Methods
Introduces students to the practice of survey research. Students will work individually and in teams to design survey samples, develop survey instruments, and analyze survey data. The emphasis will be on learning the theoretical and practical applications of survey research in management, planning, and policy settings. Cr 1.

PPM 603B Applied Research Methods: Introduction of Forecasting Using Regression Analysis
Introduces students to forecasting using regression analysis. Students will work individually and in teams to conduct a series of forecasting projects using autoregressive, multiple regression, and mixed models. The emphasis will be on learning the theoretical and practical applications of regression analysis and introducing the problems of forecasting.  The course will use Microsoft Excel for the analytical exercises. Students may use another spreadsheet or statistics package, but instruction will focus on Excel. Cr 1.

PPM 603D Special Topics: Methods of Analysis
Selected topics in methods of analysis determined from time to time. Cr 1.

PPM 603F Introduction to Correlation and Regression Methods
Provides an introduction to explanatory data modeling using correlation analysis and linear regression. The course may be taken to obtain an initial introduction to these topics or as a refresher for students with some previous exposure to correlation and regression analysis. The course emphasizes application to real world policy, planning, and management issues. Prerequisite: PPM 601 or instructor permission. Cr 1.

PPM 603G Hands-on Multiple Regression
A computer lab-based course that extends and refines students understanding of basic regression analysis. Using data supplied by the instructor, students build models to practice regression methods, to see how violations of regression assumptions affect model parameters, and to learn to diagnose problems, evaluate impact, and take remedial action where indicated. Prerequisite: PPM 603F (or PPM 503C, or PPM 503H, or PPM 603A, or PPM 603B, or PPM 603D).  Cr 1.

PPM 603I Computer Applications and Data Analysis
Introduces students to a selected quantitative or qualitative software package for analyzing research.  Emphasizes acquiring competency using the software with real world research problems and data.  Cr 1.

PPM 603J Interviewing Methods: Individual and Focus Group Settings
This course introduces students to the appropriate use of this data gathering procedure as part of a mixed-methods or qualitative-only research design. Students will be trained in the basics of one-to-one interviewing and how to facilitate a focus group interview. Prerequisite: PPM 602 or instructor permission. Cr 1.

PPM 603K Qualitative Data Analysis
This course introduces students to the processes of coding and developing themes from non-numeric data with the use of a software program. Much of the work of the course is hands-on data analysis and the development of written propositions towards theory building or other type of analytic findings. Prerequisite: PPM 602 or instructor permission. Cr 1.

PPM 603L Non-Parametric Statistics
This module is an introduction to the application of non-parametric tests in applied research, program evaluation. The course objectives are to identify when non-parametric statistics should be applied and to introduce students to a select number of tests. Prerequisite: PPM 602 or instructor permission. Cr 1.

PPM 604 Evaluation Methods
Introduces students to the methods and techniques used to assess effectiveness and monitor the performance of programs, whether provided directly by government agency or under contract. Specific attention is given to problem formulation, determination of evaluation or assessment plan, conducting the research, and presenting results for the intended audiences. Information gathering through surveys and interviews as well as statistical analysis of data are emphasized. Evaluating research done by others and the RFP process of obtaining evaluators is covered. Prerequisite: PPM 601 and PPM 602. Cr 3.

PPM 605 Advanced Research Methods
Provides an in-depth examination of multivariate statistical techniques used in public policy research. Topics include regression, principal components analysis, factor analysis, canonical correlation, discriminate analysis, and time series analysis. Prerequisite: PPM 601, PPM 602, and PPM 603 (or instructor permission). Cr 3.

PPM 606 Survey Methods and Design
Teaches students to design, administer and analyze questionnaires. Practical applications in policy analysis, planning and management are emphasized. SPSS is used for survey analysis. Some previous exposure to SPSS and familiarity with spreadsheets is helpful. Cr 3.

PPM 610 Foundations of Public Policy and Management
Examines the relationship between the political process, policy-making, and public management. Topics include policy formulation, adoption, implementation, and evaluation. Specific attention is given to the ways that key political variables (public opinion, elections, parties, interest groups, and leadership styles) influence public policy; the role of policy analysis in government; contemporary issues of public policy; and how public bureaucracies implement policy through planning, organizing, and other administrative processes. Cr 3.

PPM 611 Economics and Public Policy
This course introduces students to the basic concepts and analytical tools of microeconomics and demonstrates how these concepts are used in analyzing public policy problems and designing appropriate responses. Following an exposition of the basic theoretical and analytical concepts in a public policy context, the course examines the role and limitations of economics in public policy making using a case study. The course assumes little or no familiarity with economics; students who have taken undergraduate courses in microeconomics will generally find the public policy focus of the course useful. Cr 3.

PPM 614: Policy and Organizational Ethics
We live and work in an era where there is general public outrage and confusion over the role of government in America. Government employees try to do important work while facing challenges from budget cuts, downsizing, furloughs, and a lack of public respect for their mission. At the same time, government agencies increasingly “outsource” functions to private not- for- profit or for- profit entities that face sometimes conflicting obligations as to their “real” clients, the government agency that contracted with them or the citizens they serve. This course develops analytical tools and practices to cultivate a better understanding of ethics and public service. Topics include: the role of the “public servant,” both past and present; case studies about conflicts between government agencies, elected officials, and the public; and ways of managing internal conflicts in policy and management within organizations. 3 Credits.

PPM 615 Foundations for Public Service and Management
This foundational course considers contemporary perspectives, issues and strategies regarding the management of public sector organizations, the importance of public service and provides a basic understanding of public management theory and the application of theory to governmental and other public and nonprofit sector institutions. Topics covered include a wide range of public management concerns including community governance and public participation, managing collective action, partnership and collaboration, strategy and innovation, nonprofit service delivery, leadership and trust. The course prepares students to become public and nonprofit managers and leaders of public and not-for-profit institutions who can enhance the capability of these institutions. The course presents a realistic view of effective management and leadership in government and nonprofit organizations and the ways in which these organizations work and interact and focuses on the creation of social and public value, keeping in mind that economic and private value creation is often a part of public and non-profit management. Cr 3.

PPM 617 Practical Strategies for Effective Management
This course provides practical and hands- on tools and practices for effective management of complex organizations. Strategies include best practices in hiring and staff evaluation, succession management, time and communication management, goal setting, and other managerial and organizational approaches for day- to-day operations. Case studies and problem solving strategies are integral to the course. This course is taught on line. Cr 3.

PPM 620 Introduction to Policy Analysis
The first part of the course covers the theoretical and conceptual frameworks that guide policy analysis, including neoclassical microeconomics and its extensions and political economic theories of distributive justice, public choice, and government failure. The second part of the course covers the steps of policy analysis process (problem identification and definition, specification of policy solutions, and the evaluation and comparison of the solutions) and the various data collection and analytic techniques used at each step. Real-life examples and case studies are used throughout to provide concrete illustrations of the components of policy analysis. The course will enable students to critically evaluate policies, policy analyses, and the policy analysis process itself. Prerequisite:  PPM 601 (or MPH 545, or AMS 545) and PPM 611 (or MPH 665) or instructor permission. Cr 3.

PPM 622 Applied Policy Analysis
Using case studies of policy issues at the national, state, and local levels, this course introduces students to various techniques of policy analysis.  Topics and case studies will change, but will include policy issues involving tops such as infrastructure, education, social services, national security, economic development, natural resource management, and the environment.  Methods covered may include forecasting, multi-criteria analysis, decision analysis, economic impact analysis, and historical interpretation.  Prerequisite: PPM 620 or instructor permission. Cr 3.

PPM 623 Risk and Public Policy
Introduces students to varied models for the conceptualization and management of risk. Emphasis is given to analytic frameworks and findings on how individuals and communities respond to risk information bearing on health. Ethical issues and responsibilities in risk management will also be considered. Draws on multiple perspectives, including medical, social, environmental, and political sciences. Cr 3.

PPM 630 Organizational Dynamics
Examines the basic processes that determine how organizations set goals, structure themselves, measure performance, adapt to their environment, manage change and internal conflict, and make decisions. Emphasis is given to techniques of analysis that can be used to understand and manage these various organizational functions. Prerequisite: PPM 610. Cr 3.

PPM 631 Performance Measurement in Public Organizations
This course is an introduction to performance measurement and its application in government and nonprofit settings. Students who complete the course will be prepared to develop basic performance indicators for public and nonprofit agencies in a variety of policy and management arenas. Specific attention is given to reviewing a variety of performance indicator systems currently in use or under development in Maine and elsewhere. Cr 3.

PPM 632 Human Resource Management in Public, Nonprofit, and Health Organizations
This course examines human resource management in the public, nonprofit, and health sectors and introduces basic conceptual frameworks, techniques of analysis as well as the management of human resources in organizations. This course evaluates and synthesizes from a management perspective the theory and practice of strategically developing, utilizing and aligning human resources to improve the organizational culture, quality and outcomes of nonprofit, public and health organizations. Topics include the historical development of employment systems and the notion of work, the functions associated with personnel management (e.g., workforce planning and budgeting, recruitment, retention, selection, performance appraisal, compensation, training, and development) and considers contemporary human resource management issues such as strategic human resource management, downsizing and workforce reductions, benchmarking and knowledge management, as well as work-life balance issues, workforce demographics, and the impact of technology. Cr 3.

PPM 633 Strategic Planning in the Public and Nonprofit Sectors
Examines how public organizations can utilize strategic planning in responding to environmental change and the future. Approaches to and techniques of strategic planning are covered, including goal-setting, environmental scanning, resource audits, and the formulation of strategy and its implementation. Examples are drawn from Maine state and local government and the nonprofit sector. Cr 3.

PPM 636 Management Information Systems in the Public and Nonprofit Sectors
Designed to give those who work in the public and nonprofit sectors the knowledge and skills they need to understand the underlying principles and theories of management information systems and the roles which they play in public and nonprofit organizations. Students will participate in the design, implementation, and evaluation of information systems in their organizations, and become conversant with key issues and problems in contemporary public policy and law relative to information policy and telecommunications. Cr 3.

PPM 637 Intergovernmental Relations
This course analyzes the revolutionary changes taking place in traditional relationships among the federal, state, and local levels of government. Topics include: how traditional intergovernmental approaches are changing and what those changes mean for the future of government; what innovative policies and methods federal, state, and local governments are using to make policy and deliver services in an era of declining resources; and how governments are using mandates to enforce policy decisions at other levels of government. Special attention will be given to Maine state and local governments as well as national trends and perspectives. Cr 3.

PPM 638 Philanthropy and Entrepreneurship
This course examines the intricate and sometimes secretive composition and dynamics of the foundation universe found in the U.S. today generally and in Maine specifically. Central questions to this course of study are: what are foundations’ guiding principles and why do they act as they do? This seminar-based course will be offered to students with two goals in mind: total immersion in the elements of the foundation world and practical and theoretical exposure to foundation grant/project approval procedures. Cr 3.

PPM 639 Topics in Public Policy and Management
This course (offered only periodically) will examine various selected topics in public management. Cr 3.

PPM 640 Public Finance and Budgeting
Equips students with the knowledge, vocabulary, skills, and practical tools needed to participate skillfully and ethically in public finance decision-making and to assume a leadership role in guiding dialogue about resource acquisition and allocation choices. Teaches participants to assess context, to identify and analyze budgetary opportunities and constraints facing state and local decision-makers, to generate and evaluate alternatives using frameworks from public finance, and to project impact of choices, including identifying the potential for unintended consequences. State and local governments are the focus of the course, with the federal budget considered only from the perspective of its impacts on the economies and fiscal options of lower governmental levels. Cr 3.

PPM 641 Public & Nonprofit Financial Management
Examines the management of finances in nonprofit organizations from the perspective of managers. Topics include an introduction to accounting for non-accountants, financial statement analysis, working with a board, internal resource analysis, cash budgeting, fiscal administration, risk management, and measuring financial health. Cr 3.

PPM 642 Policy Issues in State and Local Finance
This course complements the coverage of PPM 640, Public Finance and Budgeting, by examining significant state-local finance policy issues. Core coverage includes fiscal challenges facing the metropolis and rural communities, education finance goals and policies, and topics in property taxation such as tax incentives for business, tax exemptions for charities and other organizations, and policy offsets to improve equity and reduce burden. Additional topics are selected from current research directions and policy debates, for example, the adequacy of pension financing, the impacts of recession on municipal fiscal stress, and causes of the volatility of individual income and sales tax collections. 3 credits.

PPM 666 Environmental Policy
A seminar on environmental issues in Maine, New England, and the nation. Topics may include air quality, water quality, toxic and hazardous waste management, solid waste management, wildlife habitat, landscape degradation. Federal, state, and local roles in reconciling natural resource threats, economic growth, property rights, and the public interest will be explored. Cr 3.

PPM 695 Independent Study
An independent study is a self-directed learning experience designed to develop a student’s ability to plan, organize, research, and report as well as develop specific skills beyond the classroom activity. Independent studies are intended to provide exposure to concepts or topics which are not covered by any other course in the program.  An independent study must be related to students’ academic program and is monitored by a program faculty member. Independent studies may take the form of either a reading or a special project.  Prerequisite: Instructor and Program Chair permission.  Cr 3.

PPM 696 Field Experience
Determination of whether a field experience will be required will be made upon admission to the program. The field experience will be designated to expose students to the formulation and implementation of public policy in a work setting. It will usually be with a public or nonprofit agency, although internships with private agencies involved in a public policy issue may be accepted. Prerequisite: Instructor permission.  Cr 0.

PPM 698 Capstone Seminar
The capstone seminar is designed to provide students with a classroom setting in which they can work on a capstone project individually, or on a group capstone project; both under faculty supervision. The projects, whether individual or group-based, may take many forms, including a piece of policy research, the development of a strategic plan for a public or nonprofit agency, an organizational or human resource analysis, a financial study, or others. The seminar meets on a regular basis throughout the semester. Prerequisite: Instructor permission. Cr 3.

PPM 699 Capstone Project
The capstone project is undertaken by students working independently or in a team, under faculty supervision. The projects, whether individual or group-based, may take many forms, including a piece of policy research, the development of a strategic plan for a public or nonprofit agency, an organizational or human resource analysis, a financial study, or others. Students enrolling in the capstone project will arrange meetings with their capstone advisor directly.  Prerequisite: Instructor permission. Cr 3.