Using a national inventory of facilities providing substance abuse treatment services, the authors identified rural detox providers and surveyed them to examine their characteristics, access issues for detox services, and the fit of rural detox services within the substance abuse treatment system. They also examined the geographic distribution of these providers among large rural towns, small rural towns, and isolated rural areas. The results of the 2008 survey indicate that most rural residents (82%) live in a county without a detox provider and that providers are concentrated in large rural towns. While rural detox providers offer care across a number of substances, the full range of professionally-recommended detox services is incomplete in rural areas. Travel distances to detox services are lengthy and access to specialty programs for patients with specific needs (e.g., adolescents) is limited.
Cutler Institute for Health and Social Policy
Availability, Characteristics, and Role of Detoxification Services in Rural Areas
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Dr. Ziller to speak on Rural Implementation and Impact of Medicaid Expansions
The impact of the ACA Medicaid expansion on health care coverage and access in rural areas is largely unknown and will depend on the different state policy contexts in which the expansions are implemented and on existing system capacity. Understanding how many rural residents are likely to become newly eligible for Medicaid under the ACA, as well as their characteristics and health status, will provide important information to aid policymakers in structuring outreach and enrollment strategies and ensuring that the healthcare infrastructure and delivery systems in rural areas can address the needs of these individuals.
On March 18th, Dr. Ziller, Deputy Director of the Maine Rural Health Research Center at the University of Southern Maine, will present via a SHARE webinar, nationally representative information identifying rural-urban differences among low-income non-elderly adults (18 to 65) in the following areas:
- Medicaid eligibility, pre-ACA
- Medicaid participation, pre-ACA
- New Medicaid eligibility in 2014
Dr. Ziller will also analyze the characteristics associated with any rural-urban differences in the above areas. Characteristics to be considered include age, gender, employment, education, income, Census region, health status, current relationship to primary care provider, primary care supply, and FQHC availability.