Health: Health Care Access and Finance

Maine Pediatric and Family Practice Survey Chartbook

Abstract: 

In February 2010, Maine and Vermont were awarded a five-year demonstration grant from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to improve care quality for children who are insured by Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). In Maine, Improving Health Outcomes for Children (IHOC) is a public/private collaboration of health systems, pediatric and family practices, associations, state programs and consumers that is intended to 1) select and promote a set of child health quality measures; 2) build a health in­formation technology infrastructure to support the reporting and use of quality information; and 3) transform the delivery of health services for children using a patient centered medical home model.

As part of the IHOC initiative, the University of Southern Maine surveyed pediatric and family practices about how they use data, clinical guidelines and office systems to monitor and improve children’s healthcare quality. The purpose of the survey is to provide baseline information about quality improvement activities in primary care practices serving children in Maine. Survey data was used to inform IHOC activities and to monitor changes over time. The web-based survey was conducted in the winter of 2011-2012 and sent to practice man­agers at a sample of 168 practice sites, of which 64% responded. Responding practices represent more than one-quarter of family practices and nearly two thirds of all pediatric practices in the state. Together these prac­tices served more than half (57%) of all children insured by MaineCare, or nearly 68,000 MaineCare children. Respondents represent a broad distribution of practices across regions of the state and practice size and own­ership, and include nearly two-thirds of practices participating in IHOC’s First STEPS learning collaborative.

This report summarizes the results of the initial survey and assesses quality improvement activities in pediatric and family practices at baseline. In 2014, a follow-up survey will be conducted to assess how quality improve­ment has changed in child-serving practices statewide over time and within specific types of practices (e.g. those participating in First STEPS).

Key issues from the baseline survey results include the following:

  • Medical Home Recognition and Practice-Level Quality Improvement
  • Data Systems Used to Track and Monitor Care
  • Use of Electronic Health Records for Quality Improvement
  • Awareness and Use of Financial Incentives and Data for Quality Improvement from Payers

A follow-up survey was fielded during the final year of the initiative in 2014.The practice survey was designed to assess changes in knowledge and awareness of: child health quality measures; evidence-based clinical guidelines; recommended preventive screening tools; office systems and procedures; and the degree to which Maine practices use standardized protocols to monitor and improve children’s healthcare quality. Results of that survey can be viewed or downloaded here: Child Health Quality in Maine: Practice Survey Report 2011-2014

Publication Type: 
Report
Publish Date: 
January 29, 2011
URL: 
http://www.maine.gov/dhhs/oms/pdfs_doc/children_IHOC/Provider%20Survey%20final.pdf

Early Lessons Learned in Implementing MaineCare Health Homes

Abstract: 

This Issue Brief, authored by researchers at the University of Southern Maine's Muskie School, highlights key lessons learned from the first year of implementation of the MaineCare Health Homes Initiative.

Key Findings:

  • MaineCare's Health Homes Initiative has expanded Maine's capacity for chronic care management in primary care practices and community care teams (CCTs);
  • CCTs provide valuable additional support to patients of Health Homes, including home visits and social supports in the community;
  • Flexibility in program design allowed for wide variation of service delivery models within CCTs;
  • Three percent of Health Home members were referred to CCTs by the end of the first year, but overall practice referral rates varied by CCT--from 1% to 7% of Health Home members within their associated practices.

To view or download the full study, click here

To view or download the Issue Brief on enrollment in the first year of MaineCare Health Homes implementation, click here

Suggested Citation: Fox K, Gray C, Rosingana K. Early Lessons Learned in Implementing MaineCare Health Homes. Portland, ME: University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service; September, 2014.

Publication Type: 
Research and Policy Brief
Publish Date: 
September 30, 2014
URL: 
http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/Publications/PHHP/MaineCare-HealthHomes-Implementation.pdf

MaineCare Health Homes Enrollment in the First Year of Implementation

Abstract: 

This Issue Brief, authored by researchers at the University of Southern Maine's Muskie School, highlights enrollment trends and characteristics of MaineCare's Health Homes initiative during the first year of implementation.

Key Findings:

  • MaineCare initially estimated 42,000 members were Health Home eligible; 48,000 members were enrolled by December 2013;
  • Health Homes practices increased referrals to Community Care Team (CCT) services over the course of the first year of the initiative, increasing from 60 members enrolled in CCTs in January 2013 to 1,392 in Decmber (3% of Health Home members);
  • Health Home members had an average of three chronic conditions.  Two out of the five most common conditions were behavioral health related.

To view or download the full study click here

To view or download the Issue Brief on implementation in the first year of MaineCare's Health Home Initiative click here

Suggested Citation: Fox K, Gray C, Rosingana K. MaineCare Health Homes Enrollment in the First Year of Implementation. Portland, ME: University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service; September, 2014.

Publication Type: 
Research and Policy Brief
Publish Date: 
September 30, 2014
URL: 
http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/Publications/PHHP/MaineCare-HealthHomes-Enrollment.pdf

Rural Residents More Likely to be Enrolled in High Deductible Health Plans

Abstract: 

Enrollment in high deductible health plans (HDHPs) has increased amid concerns about growing health care costs to patients, employers, and insurers. Prior research indicates that rural individuals are more likely than their urban counterparts to face high out-of-pocket health care costs relative to income, despite coverage through private health insurance, a difference related both to the lower income of rural residents generally and to the quality of the private plans through which they have coverage. Using the 2007-2010 National Health Interview Survey, this study examines rural residents’ enrollment in HDHPs and the implications for evolving Affordable Care Act Health Insurance Marketplaces.

Rural residents with private insurance are more likely to have an HDHP than are urban, especially when they live in remote, rural areas. Among those covered by an HDHP, rural residents are more likely to have low incomes and more limited educational attainment than urban residents, suggesting that it will be important to monitor HDHP enrollment, plan affordability, and health plan literacy among plans available through the Health Insurance Marketplaces.

Full report (Working Paper): High Deductible Health Insurance Plans in Rural Areas

Suggested Citation: Lenardson JD, Ziller EC, Coburn AF. Rural Residents More Likely to Be Enrolled in High Deductible Health Plans. Portland, ME: University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service, Maine Rural Health Research Center; May, 2014. Research & Policy Brief PB-55.

Publication Type: 
Research and Policy Brief
Publish Date: 
May 13, 2014
URL: 
http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/Publications/rural/PB55-High-Deductible-Health-Plans-Rural.pdf

High Deductible Health Insurance Plans in Rural Areas

Abstract: 

Enrollment in high deductible health plans (HDHPs) has increased amid concerns about growing health care costs to patients, employers, and insurers. Prior research indicates that rural individuals are more likely than their urban counterparts to face high out-of-pocket health care costs relative to income, despite coverage through private health insurance, a difference related both to the lower income of rural residents generally and to the quality of the private plans through which they have coverage. Using the 2007-2010 National Health Interview Survey, this study examines rural residents’ enrollment in HDHPs and the implications for evolving Affordable Care Act Health Insurance Marketplaces.

Rural residents with private insurance are more likely to have an HDHP than are urban, especially when they live in remote, rural areas. Among those covered by an HDHP, rural residents are more likely to have low incomes and more limited educational attainment than urban residents, suggesting that it will be important to monitor HDHP enrollment, plan affordability, and health plan literacy among plans available through the Health Insurance Marketplaces.

Associated Research & Policy Brief: Rural Residents More Likely to be Enrolled in High Deductible Health Plans

Suggested Citation: Lenardson JD, Ziller EC, Coburn AF. High Deductible Health Insurance Plans in Rural Areas. Portland, ME: University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service, Maine Rural Health Research Center; May, 2014. Working Paper #55.

Publication Type: 
Report
Publish Date: 
May 13, 2014
URL: 
http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/Publications/rural/High-Deductible-Insurance-Plans-Rural.pdf

Understanding Changes to Physician Practice Arrangements in Maine and New Hampshire

Abstract: 

This report examines trends in the organization and ownership of physician practices in Maine and New Hampshire. The Maine Office of MaineCare Services and the New Hampshire Office of Medicaid Business and Policy observed a trend in the conversion of physicians from private practice to other practice arrangements including Rural Health Clinics (RHCs), Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), hospital-owned practices, and hospital outpatient departments. Faced with increased costs for care provided within these facilities, both Medicaid programs sought to understand more about these changes, including their magnitude, the forces driving them, and their short and longer-term implications.

Suggested Citation:

Lenardson J, McGuire C, Alfreds S, et al.  Understanding Changes to Physician Practice Arrangements in Maine and New Hampshire. Portland, ME: University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service, Institute for Health Policy; January 2008.

Publication Type: 
Report
Publish Date: 
January 31, 2008
URL: 
http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/Publications/ihp/PhysicanPracticeChanges.pdf

The Affordable Care Act: What's Next for Maine?

Abstract: 

As part of its on-going Health Policy Colloquium series, the Muskie School will provide information and convene leaders to explore in detail how the ACA will affect Mainers, what preparations are in place to transition to the new law and to raise and respond to questions as the law is implemented. This policy brief provides background information and lays out some of those questions of affordability, coverage, and impact on small businesses. We hope to provide an on-going forum for interested parties to work together with the Muskie School to address these and other issues in a timely and accurate way.

Suggested Citation:

Riley, T. (2013, August). The Affordable Care Act: What's next for Maine? (Health Policy Colloquium Brief). Portland, ME: University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service

Publication Type: 
Research and Policy Brief
Publish Date: 
August 19, 2013
URL: 
http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/Publications/HealthPolicy/Brief-ACA-Whats-Next-For-Maine.pdf

Children Served by MaineCare 2012: Survey Findings

Abstract: 

The purpose of the annual Survey of Children Served by MaineCare is to monitor the quality of services delivered by MaineCare, the State's Medicaid and CHIP program.  The 2012 survey examines the experiences of families with children. ages 0-17, who are enrolled in MaineCare using a standardized survey instrument (Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems--CAHPS--4.0H Child Medicaid Health Plan Survey). MaineCare scores very favorably compared with national benchmarks on CAHPS measures of Getting Needed Care, Getting Care Quickly, and How Well the Child's Doctors Community, with ratings at or above the 75th percentile on all the composites and individual items.  Overall ratings of the child's personal doctor, ratings of the child's specialist, and ratings of all the child's health care are also among the highest nationally.  Areas for improvement included MaineCare customer service and care coordination.  Continued administration of the CAHPS 4.0H Child Medicaid Health Plan Survey is recommended for 2013 and beyond to allow for ongoing monitoring of patient experience with and computation of trend results of the MaineCare program as well as ensuring that the MaineCare program complies with federal CHIPRA measure reporting requirements.

Suggested citation: Anderson, N., Fox, K., Thayer, D., & Croll, Z. (2013, January). Children served by MaineCare, 2012: Survey findings. Portland, ME: University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service.

Publication Type: 
Report
Publish Date: 
January 1, 2013
URL: 
http://www.maine.gov/dhhs/oms/pdfs_doc/ihoc/Maine-2012-MaineCare-Children-Survey.pdf

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