Violence Against Women and Their Families

Practical Implications of Current Intimate Partner Violence Research for Victim Advocates and Service Providers

Abstract: 

This guide uses a question-and-answer format to inform victim advocates and service providers of the findings of published research on intimate partner violence (IPV) and their relevance for practice. The first of 13 sections of the guide poses and answers 11 questions pertinent to the issue, “What is intimate partner violence?” The issues addressed include the various behaviors and circumstances that constitute IPV, whether men and women are equally likely to be victims or perpetrators of IPV, and whether women’s use of IPV is different from men’s.The second major section poses and answers 12 questions related to IPV victimization rates, addressing issues of populations at increased risk for IPV, with special attention to women who are separated or divorced, pregnant, disabled, elderly, LGBT, live in rural areas. The guide’s third section poses and answers 19 questions related to the impact of IPV on victims. The fourth section poses and answers 20 questions related to the characteristics of persons who perpetrate IPV.  Other sections of the guide pose and answer questions related to victim characteristics that predict IPV victimization; whether IPV victims seek assistance and services; protective factors and coping skills that mitigate the adverse impact of IPV; the services that are typically available to IPV victims; whether victim services work; health-care providers’ role in responding to IPV; what victim advocates and service providers need to know about the legal system; the features of IPV victim advocacy; and the performance measures advocates should adopt in evaluating the criminal justice response to IPV.  The implications drawn from the research are offered as guidance, not rules of practice. 884 references are provided.

This document is a research report submitted to the U.S. Department of Justice. This report has not been published by the Department. Opinions or points of view expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.

For more information, please contact Barbara Hart, JD, barbarha@aol.com

Suggested Citation:  Hart BJ, Klein AF. Practical Implications of Current Intimate Partner Violence Research for Victim Advocates and Service Providers. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Criminal Justice Reference Service; January, 2013. NCJ 244348.

Publication Type: 
Report
Publish Date: 
December 31, 2013
Author: 
URL: 
https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/244348.pdf

Advancing Practice of Guardian Ad Litems in Maine

Duration: 
1/1/2009 - 1/30/2012
Director: 
Maureen Baker
Abstract: 

The goal of this project is to provide advanced training to Guardians Ad Litem (GALs) and key decision makers in child custody cases when domestic violence is present, in order to enhance the safety of domestic violence victims and their children.

Battered women and their children face insurmountable barriers when seeking to escape abusive relationships, particularly when custody issues are involved. The culture of their communities, lack of resources, issues of isolation in rural areas in Maine, make separation even more dangerous for these victims. A survey of Maines domestic violence Legal Advocates revealed a high level of concern regarding GALs due to their lack of experience in identifying and effectively addressing the manipulative tactics of the abusive parent. Using information gathered from a national literature review and interviews and focus groups with key stakeholders, this project works with a multi-disciplinary advisory board to provide advanced training to GALs and other key decision makers in child custody cases when domestic violence is present, in order to enhance the safety of domestic violence victims and their children.

Start Date: 
Thu, 2009-01-01
End Date: 
Mon, 2012-01-30
Legacy Muskie ID: 
6 087

Maine Domestic Violence Court Project

Duration: 
1/1/2004 - 1/30/2005
Director: 
Karen Monahan
Abstract: 

The Domestic Violence Case Coordination Project was created to address issues relating to lack of coordination and communication in the handling of civil and criminal cases involving domestic violence and to improve offender compliance with court-ordered conditions. The goals of the project are to improve the sharing of information and the management of related domestic violence cases; to enhance offender accountability through judicial monitoring of compliance with court orders; and to develop uniform protocols for the coordination and management of domestic violence cases and for post-conviction monitoring of offenders. Muskie will use court observation, data collection, and stakeholder interviews to assess whether the protocols as implemented at the pilot sites have improved victim safety and offender accountability.
Goals:
Evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of protocols at the pilot sites and develop a statewide procedures manual.

Start Date: 
Thu, 2004-01-01
End Date: 
Sun, 2005-01-30
Legacy Muskie ID: 
2 787

Battered Women's Justice Project

Duration: 
1/1/2007 - 1/30/2009
Abstract: 

The Battered Women's Justice Project is a member of the Domestic Violence Resource Network, a consortium of technical assistance provider organizations (The National Resource Center on Domestic Violence, The Family Violence Prevention Fund, The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, Sacred Circle and BWJP), the Institute on Domestic Violence in the African American Community, the Asian and Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence, the National Latino Alliance for the Elimination of Domestic Violence, the National Domestic Violence Hotline, and the National Center on Domestic Violence, Trauma & Mental Health. The DVRN is funded by the US Department of Health and Human Services. BWJP was founded in 1992.

Project URL: 
http://www.bwjp.org
Start Date: 
Mon, 2007-01-01
End Date: 
Fri, 2009-01-30
Legacy Muskie ID: 
6 067

VAWA Measuring Effectiveness Initiative

Duration: 
1/1/2010 - 1/31/2011
Abstract: 

In 2001, the Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) entered into a cooperative agreement with the Muskie School of Public Service, Cutler Institute to develop tools to measure the effectiveness of all grant programs managed by OVW. The Muskie School's VAWA Measuring Effectiveness Initiative is a multi-method, multi-source data collection strategy to enable grantees to measure the effectiveness of their OVW-administered VAWA grants. VAWA MEI staff work with OVW, grantees and technical assistance providers to design reporting forms for each grant program. Staff also provide ongoing training and technical assistance to OVW program managers and grantees to help them complete and review the reporting forms, clean and analyze the data. Finally, staff provide OVW with reports and other information regarding the effectiveness of OVW-funded programs

Project URL: 
http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/vawamei/
Start Date: 
Fri, 2010-01-01
End Date: 
Mon, 2011-01-31
Legacy Muskie ID: 
6 047

Maine Domestic Violence Court Project

Duration: 
1/1/2003 - 1/30/2006
Director: 
Karen Monahan
Abstract: 

The Domestic Violence Case Coordination Project was a pilot project designed to address issues relating to lack of coordination and communication in the handling of civil and criminal domestic violence cases and to enhance offender accountability through judicial monitoring of compliance with court orders. The pilot site, with the assistance of Muskie staff, developed uniform protocols to guide implementation of those goals. Muskie staff conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of the project in increasing victim safety and offender accountability. The assessment process included regular attendance at advisory committee meetings, observation of court hearings, stakeholder interviews, and analysis of pilot court data on criminal and civil domestic violence cases. Findings and recommendations were presented in two interim and one final evaluation report. The final report found that the project goals had been met and recommended that the pilot site courts continue with, and that other Maine courts consider, the following: judicial review of domestic violence offenders; expedited arraignments and trial for domestic violence crimes; and task forces to improve coordination and collaboration in the court and community response to domestic violence.

Start Date: 
Wed, 2003-01-01
End Date: 
Mon, 2006-01-30
Legacy Muskie ID: 
1 788

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