Cutler Institute for Health and Social Policy

Population Health and Health Policy

Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Activities Funded by the medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility Program

Abstract: 

This paper describes the EMS-related projects that the 45 states receiving funding from the Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility (Flex) Program proposed to conduct in fiscal year 2004-2005. Since the first full year of funding, the number and range of EMS improvement activities proposed has increased substantially. Because of the variability across states in the specifics of EMS activities proposed in grant applications, a method was sought that would create a logical framework for classifying activities, in order to better understand the types of EMS challenges that states are trying to address with Flex funding. The project team identified the Rural and Frontier EMS Agenda for the Future (R/F Agenda) as an appropriate guide document for cataloging and describing state proposed activities. The EMS activities were assigned to one or more of fourteen EMS attributes from the R/F Agenda. State Flex grant funds are not sufficient to ameliorate all rural EMS problems. Use of the R/F Agenda for classifying state Flex activities not only allows for identification of EMS problem areas that are most frequently being addressed with the use of Flex grant funds, but also identifies those challenges that likely need to be addressed through other mechanisms. This report will provide the EMS, rural health, and federal policy constituencies with an overview of the extent to which nationally recognized rural EMS challenges are being addressed with Flex program funding.

Publication Type: 
Report
Publish Date: 
February 1, 2006
URL: 
http://flexmonitoring.org/documents/BriefingPaper8_EMS.pdf

Cutler Institute awarded $600,000 to help youth raised in foster system

Marty Zanghi

USM's Cutler Institute for Health and Social Policy has been awarded a $600,000 grant to help young people raised in Maine's foster system to prepare for college and the workforce.

The money comes from the Annie E. Casey Foundation as part of a $5.4 million national effort aimed at youth who are homeless or in either the foster care or juvenile justice systems.

"Many of these young people have suffered abuse or trauma and were raised in poverty and neglect," said Marty Zanghi, the Cutler Center's youth development director.

The money -- including an expected $400,000 more in matching funds -- will pay for contracted work with agencies in the target areas, starting with the greater Portland area and Penobscot, Kennebec and Somerset counties.

Nationally and in Maine, only about 3 percent of people who grow up in the foster care system achieve a college degree, he said.

"It's dramatically lower than the rate for the general population," Zanghi said. "It's a horrible outcome."

It doesn't have to be that way, though.

"There are young people that overcome these circumstances," he said. "I know people who have master's degrees and Ph.Ds."

The Casey Foundation's national effort is being called the "Learn and Earn to Achieve Potential" (LEAP) initiative.

The initiative is working on partnerships in Maine and nine other areas: Alaska, Arizona, California, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska and New York. In each case, people will adapt two evidence-based models to meet the needs of these youth, including support to address the trauma they may have experienced in their lives.

In Maine, the work will include a pair of successful programs, Jobs for Maine Graduates (JMG) and Jobs for the Future. Results will be carefully tracked, Zanghi said.

After the first year, the program is expected to grow.

"Eventually, the additional help will be available to all children, 14 and over, in the foster care system in the state of Maine," Zanghi said.

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