Cutler Institute for Health and Social Policy

Population Health and Health Policy

Prioritizing Patient Safety Interventions in Small and Rural Hospitals

Abstract: 

Background: A study was conducted in 2004 to determine if 26 interventions?distributed among nine patient safety areas and as recommended by an expert panel as relevant to rural hospitals?would be validated in terms of relevance and implementability for small and rural facilities.
Methods: The chief executive officers (CEOs) and/or key managers responsible for patient safety activities in a diverse group of 29 small and rural hospitals assessed the potential effectiveness and feasibility of the 26 interventions. Representatives of 25 hospitals participated in structured, follow-up phone discussions.
Results: Adverse drug events were the highest-priority area for 14 hospitals, followed by patient falls (selected by 5 hospitals). Some hospitals had already implemented intervention 1 (use at least two patient identifiers) and intervention 6 (read back of verbal orders) and thus ranked them highly, especially for implementability. Intervention 3 (24-hour pharmacist coverage) was ranked low, especially on implementability. Interventions involving health information technology were ranked lower by the hospitals than by the expert panel.
Discussion: Safety interventions should reflect the general state of the science of safe practices while incorporating relevant contextual issues unique to rural hospitals. The results have important implications for survey and accreditation activity, and the focus of technical assistance and research efforts.

Publication Type: 
Journal Article
Publish Date: 
December 1, 2006

Connect with Cutler

What makes the Cutler Institute unique? We are committed to our clients and partners and work closely with you to examine the root of an issue and provide sustainable solutions. Learn more about our work and services, and connect with our team of experts.

Learn More

Hartley Retires as Director of the Maine Rural Health Research Center

David Hartley, PhD

David Hartley, PhD, the Director of the Maine Rural Health Research Center (MRHRC) and a Research Professor of Public Health has announced that he will be retiring from the University of Southern Maine August 31st, 2014. David came to the University in 1994 and has directed the MRHRC since 2004. Andy Coburn, PhD, Research Professor of Public Health, will take over as the new MRHRC Director. Erika Ziller, PhD continues in her role as Deputy Director. David has had a distinguished career in rural health and rural health research, and has made lasting contributions to the field with his work on rural behavioral health, rural disparities and health, and rural active living.

A celebration will be scheduled in early fall to honor David and his many contributions to the field and the University.

 

Learn More

Connect With Us