Department of Biological Sciences

BS in Biology: Human Biology concentration

Career Options

Graduates of this program are well qualified to apply to professional programs in medicine, optometry, and dentistry, as well as to pursue careers in the allied health professions.

The human biology track emphasizes biology related to human health and disease, including human anatomy & physiology, pathophysiology, and animal physiology, and provides a robust foundation for careers in health-related sciences, both human and veterinary. Many of these graduates enter medical schools in Maine and New England.

The minimum number of credits (exclusive of the University's Core curriculum) required for the emphasis in human biology: 82. A grade of C- or higher is required for all courses listed below.

All of the following are required:
     BIO 105, 106 Biological Principles I: Cellular Biology and Laboratory
     BIO 107 Biological Principles II: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Ecology
     BIO 111, 112 Human Anatomy and Physiology I and Laboratory
     BIO 113, 114 Human Anatomy and Physiology II and Laboratory
     BIO 345 Pathophysiology
     BIO 401, 402 Animal Physiology and Laboratory

Choose 15 credits from the following:
     BIO 201 Genetics
     BIO 205 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
     BIO 281, 282 Microbiology and Laboratory
     BIO 305, 306 Developmental Biology and Laboratory
     BIO 321, 322 Neurobiology and Laboratory
     BIO 361, 362 Parasitology and Laboratory
     BIO 407 Environmental Modulation of Developmental Mechanisms
     BIO 409, 410 Cell and Molecular Biology and Laboratory
     BIO 431 Principles of Immunology

The following courses are also required:

Chemistry (23-24 credit hours)
     CHY 113, 114, 115, 116 Principles of Chemistry I and II and Laboratory
     CHY 251, 252, 253, 254 Organic Chemistry I and II and Laboratory
     CHY 461, 462 Biochemistry I and Laboratory
     or CHY 461, 463 Biochemistry I and II

Physics (10 credit hours)
     PHY 111, 114, 112, 116 Elements of Physics I and II and Laboratory
     or PHY 121, 114, 123, 116 General Physics I and II and Laboratory

Mathematics (8 credit hours)
     MAT 152 Calculus A
     MAT 220 Statistics for the Biological Sciences

Recommended Course Sequence

Because the biology curriculum includes many support courses (chemistry, physics, math) that need to be taken in addition to biology courses, the Department offers a suggested plan of study, shown below. There is no guarantee that every course listed will be offered when the student wants the course. Students should consult their academic advisors regularly as well as the Tentative Schedule of Biology courses listed on the Department of Biological Sciences website to establish a graduate planner appropriate to your individual needs.

Year 1Credits
Fall semester 
     BIO 105 Biological Principles I: Cellular Biology3
     BIO 106 Laboratory Biology1.5
     CHY 113 Principles of Chemistry I3
     CHY 114 Laboratory Techniques I1
     ENG 100 College Writing3
     EYE Entry Year Experience3
Spring semester 
     BIO 107 Biological Principles II: Evolution, Biodiversity and Evolution (Science Exploration)4.5
     CHY 115 Principles of Chemistry II3
     CHY 116 Laboratory Techniques II1
     MAT 152 Calculus A4
     Core curriculum course Creative Expression, Socio-cultural Analysis or Cultural Interpretation3
  

     Year 2
 
Fall semester 
     BIO 111 Human Anatomy and Physiology I3
     BIO 112 Practical Human Anatomy and Physiology I1.5
     CHY 251 Organic Chemistry I3
     CHY 252 Organic Chemistry Laboratory I2
     MAT 220 Statistics for the Biological Sciences4
     Core curriculum course Creative Expression, Socio-cultural Analysis or Cultural Interpretation3
  
Spring semester 
     BIO 113 Human Anatomy and Physiology II3
     BIO 114 Practical Human Anatomy and Physiology II1.5
     CHY 253 Organic Chemistry II3
     CHY 254 Organic Chemistry Laboratory II2
     Core curriculum course Creative Expression, Socio-cultural Analysis or Cultural Interpretation3
  
Year 3 
Fall semester 
     BIO 345 Pathophysiology3
     CHY 461 Biochemistry I3
     CHY 462 Biochemistry Laboratory2
     Physics: Elements of Physics I or General Physics I4
     PHY 114 Introductory Physics Laboratory I1
     Ethical Inquiry, Social Responsibility and Citizenship3
  
Spring semester 
     CHY 463 Biochemistry II (if CHY 462 not taken in Fall)3
     Physics: Elements of Physics II or General Physics II4
     PHY 116 Introductory Physics Laboratory II1
     Thematic cluster course3
     Thematic cluster course3
  
Year 4 
Fall semester 
     BIO elective(s)3 – 6
     Thematic cluster course3
     Diversity course3
     International course3
  
Spring semester 
     BIO 401, 402 Animal Physiology and Laboratory5
     BIO elective3 – 5
     BIO Capstone course3
     General elective(s)variable

Note: Total credits must add up to 120, with a minimum of 82 credits required for the human biology concentration. Suggested schedule is based on 8 semesters (4 years) with approximately 15 credits per semester. Needing to meet the English or Math proficiency requirements in your first year will alter and possibly lengthen your coursework beyond 4 years. Summer courses can reduce course load during the year.