The following list gives the citation forms for different types of entries based on the Chicago Manual of Style and used by the University of Illinois Press and Smithsonian Institution Press. For any questions, consult your instructor or thesis/project advisor.
For published primary source documents, newspapers, or magazines, follow a similar format. For unpublished primary sources, give details about author, date, and the source location. For example: John White to Mary Brown, October 1, 1778 (White Family Papers, Box 16, Maine Historical Society).
Please note that parenthetical citations will not be accepted. You must use footnotes.
- John Friedman, "A Conceptual Model for the Analysis of Planning Behavior," Administrative Science Quarterly 12 (Sept. 1967): 225-52. [article in a journal]
- Ibid., 261.
- C. E. Lindblom, The Policy-Making Process (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1969), 33. [monograph]
- Ann D. Gordon and Mari Jo Buhle, "Sex and Class in Colonial and Nineteenth-Century America," in Liberating Women's History: Theoretical and Critical Essays, ed. Berenice A. Carroll (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1976), 278-300. [article in a collection]
- Lindblom, Policy-Making Process, 203-4. [repeated citation; use short title, not "op. cit."]
- Gordon and Buhle, "Sex and Class," 280-83.
List all sources together and alphabetically according to the last name of author at the end of your paper or thesis. For an untitled book or article, list according to the first word in the title.
Corn, Wanda M. The Great American Thing: Modern Art and Cultura Identity, 1915-1935. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.
Margolis, Marianne Fulton. Ed. Camera Work: A Pictorial Guide. New York: Dover Publications, 1978.
Article in Journal
Whiting, Cecile. "Trompe l'oeil Painting and the Counterfeit Civil War." Art Bulletin 79, no. 2 (June 1997): 251-67.
"Is Photography a New Art?" Camera Work 21 (June 1908): 17-18.
The Forum Exhibition of Modern American Painting. 1916; repr. New York: Arno Press, 1968.
Article in an Edited Collection
Kozloff, Max. "American Painting during the Cold War." In Pollock and After: The Critical Debate, edited by Francis Frascina, 107-123. New York: Harper and Row, 1985.
Picabia, Francis. "A Post-Cubist's Impressions of New York." New York Tribune, March 9, 1913, part 2, p. 1.
Slonimsky, Nicolas. Music Since 1900. 5th ed. New York: Schirmer Books, 1994.
Include author, title, web address and date accessed.
Historic New England, http://www.historicnewengland.org/visit/homes/jewett.htm, February 13, 2006.
Thomas L. Doughton, "Civil War Veterans' Files Available Here at AfroYankees Webpages,"" http://www.geocities.com/afroyankees/Military/civwarindex.html, February 13, 2006.