Department of Biological Sciences

BS in Biology: Human Biology Concentration

Career Options

Graduates of this program are well qualified to apply to professional programs in medicine, optometry, and dentistry, as well as to pursue careers in the allied health professions.

The human biology track emphasizes biology related to human health and disease, including human physiology and pathophysiology, and it provides a robust foundation for careers in health-related sciences. Many students who graduate from this program enter medical schools in Maine and New England.

The minimum number of credits (exclusive of the University's Core curriculum) required for the emphasis in human biology: 77. A grade of C- or higher is required for all courses listed below.

All of the following are required:
     BIO 105, 106 Biological Principles I: Cellular Biology and Laboratory
     BIO 107 Biological Principles II: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Ecology
     BIO 221, 112 Human Physiology I and Practical Human Anatomy and Physiology I
     BIO 223, 114 Human Physiology II and Practical Human Anatomy and Physiology I
     BIO 345 Pathophysiology

Choose 15 credits from the following, including at least two laboratory courses.
     BIO 201 Genetics
     BIO 205 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
     BIO 305, 306 Developmental Biology and Laboratory
     BIO 311, 282 Microbiology and Laboratory
     BIO 321, 322 Neurobiology and Laboratory
     BIO 361, 362 Parasitology and Laboratory
     BIO 401, 402 Animal Physiology and Laboratory
     BIO 407 Environmental Modulation of Developmental Mechanisms
     BIO 409, 410 Cell and Molecular Biology and Laboratory
     BIO 413 Applied Biostatistics
     BIO 431, 432 Principles of Immunology and Laboratory

The following courses are also required:

Chemistry (23-24 credit hours)
     CHY 113, 114, 115, 116 Principles of Chemistry I and II and Laboratory
     CHY 251, 252, 253, 254 Organic Chemistry I and II and Laboratory
     CHY 461, 462 Biochemistry I and Laboratory
        or CHY 461, 463 Biochemistry I and II

Physics (10 credit hours)
     PHY 111, 114, 112, 116 Elements of Physics I and II and Laboratory
        or PHY 121, 114, 123, 116 General Physics I and II and Laboratory

Mathematics (8 credit hours)
     MAT 152 Calculus A
     MAT 220 Statistics for the Biological Sciences

In addition, students must fulfill the University Core curriculum requirements, including a Capstone course in the major.

Recommended Course Sequence

Because the biology curriculum includes many support courses (chemistry, physics, math) that need to be taken in addition to biology courses, the Department offers a suggested plan of study, shown below. There is no guarantee that every course listed will be offered when the student wants the course. Students should consult their academic advisors regularly as well as the Tentative Schedule of Biology courses listed on the Department of Biological Sciences website to establish a graduation plan appropriate to your individual needs.

Year 1 Credits
Fall semester  
     BIO 105 Biological Principles I: Cellular Biology 3
     BIO 106 Laboratory Biology 1.5
     CHY 113 Principles of Chemistry I 3
     CHY 114 Laboratory Techniques I 1
     ENG 100 College Writing 3
     EYE Entry Year Experience 3
   
Spring semester  
     BIO 107 Biological Principles II: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Ecology 4.5
     CHY 115 Principles of Chemistry II 3
     CHY 116 Laboratory Techniques II 1
     MAT 152 Calculus A 4
     Core curriculum course 3
   
Year 2  
Fall semester  
     BIO 221 Human Physiology I 3
     BIO 112 Practical Human Anatomy and Physiology I 1.5
     CHY 251 Organic Chemistry I 3
     CHY 252 Organic Chemistry Laboratory I 2
     MAT 220 Statistics for the Biological Sciences 4
     Core curriculum course 3
   
Spring semester  
     BIO 223 Human Physiology II 3
     BIO 114 Practical Human Anatomy and Physiology II 1.5
     CHY 253 Organic Chemistry II 3
     CHY 254 Organic Chemistry Laboratory II 2
     Core curriculum course 3
   
Year 3  
Fall semester  
     BIO 345 Pathophysiology 3
     CHY 461 Biochemistry I 3
     CHY 462 Biochemistry Laboratory 2
     Physics: Elements of Physics I or General Physics I 4
     PHY 114 Introductory Physics Laboratory I 1
     Core curriculum course 3
   
Spring semester  
     BIO elective(s) 3 – 5
     CHY 463 Biochemistry II (if CHY 462 not taken in Fall) 3
     Physics: Elements of Physics II or General Physics II 4
     PHY 116 Introductory Physics Laboratory II 1
     Core curriculum course 3
   
Year 4  
Fall semester  
     BIO elective(s) 3 – 5
     Core curriculum course 3
     Core curriculum course 3
     Core curriculum course 3
   
Spring semester  
     BIO elective(s) 3 – 5
     BIO Capstone course 3
     General elective(s) variable

Note: Total credits must add up to 120, with a minimum of 77 credits required for the human biology concentration. Suggested schedule is based on 8 semesters (4 years) with approximately 15 credits per semester. The need to meet the mathematics readiness requirement in your first year will alter and possibly lengthen your coursework beyond 4 years. Summer courses can reduce course load during the year.