2013-14 Catalogs

LOS Course Descriptions


The Leadership and Organizational Studies program is interdisciplinary with courses that utilize a variety of active and experiential learning methods.

LOS 250 Organizational Accounting
This course will introduce students to the basic concepts of accounting that they will need to understand financial processes in private, public, and not-for-profit organizations. Cr 3.

LOS 300 Organizational Theory
This is a foundational course that provides a solid overview of organizational theories in leadership. Current organizational issues are analyzed using structural, human resource, cultural, and political frameworks and the case method. Issues examined include leadership, organizational design, planning, change, decision making, communication, and control. This is an excellent course for students interested in how organizations work.
Students in the LOS major must complete this required course with a grade of a B- or better as a condition of their degree. This course includes writing instruction. Prerequisite: familiarity with the Blackboard online learning community. Completion of College Writing with a C or better is required for LOS majors and preferred for all other students. Cr 4.

LOS/SBS 301 Group Dynamics
This course gives students an understanding of how people behave in groups and the skills needed by group members to participate effectively in group activities. It provides a theoretical foundation for how groups function, with focus on group process and development; and it discusses how these theories can be applied to a wide range of group settings. This course uses experiential techniques to help students develop critical skills and understanding of group dynamics. Completion of College Writing with a C or better is required for LOS majors and preferred for all other students. Cr 3.

LOS/SBS 302 Organizational Behavior
This course examines human behavior in organizations: individual, group, and organizational processes that impact workplace behaviors and organizational life. The focus is on understanding factors that contribute to organizational effectiveness and the major challenges facing organizations today. We will cover topics such as individual and organizational learning, individual values and motivation; interpersonal communication and work team dynamics, leadership and emotional intelligence, power and influence, organizational culture and change. Students will engage in experiential and skill-building activities and apply conceptual frameworks to their real-life work experiences. Cr

LOS 304 Organizational Budgeting and Finance
This course assesses the theory and practices of financial management in different forms of public and private organizations and emphasizes the relationship between financial decision making and organizational policy and strategy. Topics covered will include financial forecasting, the use of spreadsheets, and budgeting. Prerequisites: LOS 250 and LAC 112 or equivalents. Cr 3.

LOS/LAC 305 Programming with Visual Basics
This course is an introduction to modern structured programming on a microcomputer using a state-of-the-art object oriented programming language. It covers all standard control and logic structures, arrays, functions, sub-routines, and data files. Major emphasis is given to an ongoing consideration of problem-solving techniques as they apply to simple and complex programming situations. Programming objects are studied extensively, along with events, properties, and methods. Offered at Central Maine Community College. Cr 3.

LOS/LAC 307 Web Design
This course will present in-depth Web page design for non-programmers, accomplished primarily through learning a full-featured Web design application, MS Front Page. The course also includes an exploration of HTML, DHTML, and some experience with Web scripting languages. Finally server-side Web strategies will be studied. Students will be expected to design and implement Web pages containing many of the features learned in class. Prerequisites: LAC 150 or equivalent and significant Windows and Windows application experience, along with experience on the Internet using a Web browser. Cr 3.

LOS 308 Lean Systems and Methods
This is an introductory course in applying Lean principles and methods in organizations, including front/back office manufacturing, non-profits, healthcare, IT, education and government. Students will learn basic Lean principles and methods and have an opportunity to observe, practice, and apply principles and methods learned. Cr 3.

LOS 309 Lean Systems/Methods Practicum
This supervised practicum provides an opportunity for students to apply lean principles and methods. Working in teams, students will demonstrate the ability to transfer learning from the Lean Methods and Systems course to the field as they implement projects designed to enhance value to the organization. Specific learning objectives will be set by the student teams and address competency in a needs assessment, the Implementation process, outcome evaluation including project results, and individual learning. Cr 3. Prerequisite: LOS 308 Lean Methods and Systems

LOS 310 Science, Technology, and Society (SCA)
This course examines the history of science and technology, and the social changes related to them. It examines the impact of science and technology on ethical and religious beliefs, social institutions such as education, family, and work, and on larger sociopolitical entities and relations. The course also explores the effects of science and technology on natural and human-made environments. Offered fall, spring, summer. Cr 3.

LOS 311 Leadership Through Art
In this course we will explore the role of art in leadership. Built into the concept of a leader is the idea that the leader will influence people, not use brute force or manipulate them, and bring about change.  The process of creating and using art teaches the artful leader about the power of imagery in communicating messages effectively.  Art influences the public’s image of leaders and leadership by portraying leaders as they are or as they should be. Leaders also employ the arts to convey their ideas for societal change or a vision of a better future.  Students in this class will learn basic concepts of leadership and art, analyze the ways in which leaders use art to motivate people and articulate their visions, examine the ways in which art motivates people to bring about change in society, and design a work of art that intends to motivate people, elevate people, and call for change. Cr 3.


LOS 312 Human Resource Management
This course focuses on the procedures and processes associated with the management of human resources within organizations. Topics include recruitment, staff development, job analysis, personnel systems, and training. Cr 3.

LOS 314 Employee Relations
This course provides an understanding of the trends in legal, social, and economic aspects of United States labor-management relations. Topics include a historical overview of labor law, grievance procedures, the negotiation process, equal opportunity, and personnel rules. Includes case studies and simulated bargaining and arbitration exercises. Cr 3.

LOS 315 Training and Development
This course provides students with a theoretical framework for adult learning as it applies to the training and development process. Topics covered include the assessment of learning needs and setting of objectives; the design and facilitation of learning processes such as workshops, on-the-job training, self-directed learning, web-based training, and the assessment of outcomes. Students will design and deliver a training program as a major project for this course. Cr 3.

LOS/SBS 316 Diversity in Organizations
Using historical, socio-economic, and psychological perspectives, students learn about the challenges diverse members of U.S. society, such as women, people of color, people from marginalized classes, and those from other countries have had and continue to face. Students gain an understanding of how the workplace may affect diverse peoples and how others can learn to make the workplace more hospitable. A primary focus of this course is on examining beliefs, behaviors, or unconscious attitudes that perpetuate the oppression and subordination of diverse members of society in the workplace, while also looking at how increased diversity is adding to workplace productivity, creativity, and learning. Readings are drawn from the social sciences and humanities to provide an interdisciplinary approach to the topic. Cr 3.

LOS/LAC 318 Database Management
This course introduces skills and builds proficiency in database management. It is taught on PC computers using the latest version of Microsoft Access and is designed to help students develop competencies in a variety of database processing functions. Students become proficient in setting up databases, managing data, creating reports, using report enhancements, and manipulating data. Prerequisite: Basic computer applications knowledge. Cr 3.

LOS/LAC 319 Introduction to Networking
This course is an introduction to the installation, maintenance, and repair of personal computer networks. It provides students with an elementary understanding of network systems including communication components, LAN protocols, standards (de facto/de juri), system architecture, network software, and the fundamentals of network installation and repair. Offered at Central Maine Community College. Cr 3.

LOS/LAC 320 Networking Support and Troubleshooting
This advanced course addresses the installation, maintenance, and repair of personal computer networks. It provides students with an advanced understanding of network systems including software configuration, troubleshooting, security, tools, design strategies, and employee training. Offered at Central Maine Community College. Cr 3.

LOS/LAC 321 Introduction to Personal Computer Repair/Operating Systems
This course is an introduction to the installation, maintenance, and repair of personal computers and related equipment. It provides students with an elementary understanding of PC environments including system components, peripherals, operating systems, component/card interface, and the fundamentals of repair. Offered at Central Maine Community College. Cr 3.

LOS 322 Leadership in the Public/Nonprofit Sectors
This course examines the basic processes through which public policy is formulated, adopted, and implemented in the United States. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of the instructor. Cr 3.

LOS 323 The Media and Politics
This course explores the implications of political campaigns in American politics. Topics include management of campaigns, candidate recruitment, positive and negative advertising, political consultants, political parties and interest groups, effects of media coverage, campaign financing, and impact of campaigns and elections on public policy. Special consideration will be given to current campaigns. Cr 3.

LOS 324 Leadership, Sports, and Society
This course provides students interested in sports an opportunity to explore and deconstruct various aspects of sports leadership. Covering a wide range of material, the course will develop critical understanding of the mutually constituted link between sport, leadership, and society. To this end, it applies classical, modern, and postmodern theories of leadership to historical and contemporary sporting examples that will offer a critical view of how sport (and conceptions of sport) are constructed and represented. Micro, meso, and macro levels of analysis will be explained to assist interpretive work and to explore the complexity of the terrain as it directly relates to the study of leadership. Cr 3.

LOS 325 State and Local Government
This course is an introduction to the structure, roles, and processes of administration in state and local government. The state of Maine is a special focus of the course. Cr 3.

LOS 327 Leading through Conflict
Conflict management is explored as an essential leadership tool and analyzed as a necessary component of healthy systems and innovations. We will investigate techniques that help individuals and groups mediate and negotiate differences encountered in a variety of situations. Cr 3.

LOS/SBS 329 Research Methods
This course is an introduction to quantitative and qualitative research methods which can be used in organizational planning and decision making and in the social and behavioral sciences. The course will cover topic areas related to the application of appropriate methods of inquiry and includes completion of an applied project. Strongly recommended for students going on to graduate school, careers in consulting, or human resource management. Prerequisite: LCC 150 or equivalent. Cr 3.

LOS 330 Leadership in Different Cultures
Students will explore leadership practices in multiple cultures and how our increasing interactions with these diverse leadership styles have changed our conception of leadership in the U.S. This course will help students determine the skills they will need to take on a leadership role in a global society. Cr 3

LOS 333 Portfolio Development: Recognizing Prior leadership Experience and Knowledge
This Portfolio Development course is offered to the adult learner who is preparing a competency based, experiential, academic portfolio, documenting their college-level knowledge, competencies, and abilities. This course supports students in improving the skills and knowledge needed to document and communicate their prior learning in the area of leadership and organizational studies. At the end of the course, students submit a completed academic portfolio for assessment to USM’s Office of Prior Learning for possible additional credits.  Cr 3.  Prerequisites:  College writing or the equivalent, leadership LOS 350 either concurrently or completed, resume submission, and subsequent permission by instructor.

LOS/LAC 334 Integrated Software Packages
This is a course in the use of integrated software packages for report, document, presentation, and information development activities. A variety of instructional activities will stress file and data integration and explore intra- and inter-package communications. Integration of word processing, spreadsheet, database, and graphics software is featured using linking and other tools. Students are expected to produce documents, spreadsheets, database reports, and presentations which take full advantage of inter-operability, communication, translating, linking, and sharing functions. Prerequisite: LAC 150 or equivalent. Cr 3.

LOS 336 Dealing with Difficult People and Behaviors
It has been stated that everyone is someone's difficult person. Almost daily, we come in contact with people we would characterize as difficult. They are the people we work with, sell to, depend on, and live with. There are intimidators, manipulators, analyzers, know-it-alls, overly friendly, accommodators, chronic complainers and whiners. Their actions consume time, energy and emotion at the expense of productivity and morale. This course provides fresh insights and immediately usable skills needed to quickly, confidently and assertively identify and deal with various types of people, difficult or not, in a variety of contexts while maintaining your own self confidence. Cr 3.

LOS 350 Leadership
This foundational course for students of leadership will provide learners with a review of major leadership concepts and theories designed to incorporate  research findings, practice, skill-building, and direct application to real world scenarios. Beyond leadership concepts and theories, the course will cover a variety of topics impacting today's leaders as a foundation for learning including power and ethics, leadership development, politics and influence, decision making, and creativity and innovation. An experiential design is used along with traditional online techniques to help students reflect on their personal leadership styles and examine their approaches to leading others in diverse organizational settings. Students in the LOS major must complete this required course with a grade of a B- or better as a condition of their degree. Completion of College Writing with a C or better is required for LOS majors and preferred for all other students. Cr 3.

LOS 360 Deliberate Creativity and Innovation
This course is designed to develop practical skills in creative and innovative thinking that leaders can use to identify opportunities, generate value-creating ideas, and overcome barriers to successfully bringing new concepts to life. In this class, students will learn about creative thinking tools and how to practically apply them; develop an appreciation of the personal and organizational factors that influence creativity and innovation; and explore the leadership and facilitation skills that will prepare them to lead teams through creative problem solving. Cr 3.

LOS 361 Entrepreneurship
This course focuses on why people become entrepreneurs, the characteristics of successful entrepreneurs, the changing demographics of entrepreneurs, and the importance of entrepreneurship to the economy and society. In this class, students will examine the entrepreneurial process from the decision to become an entrepreneur through idea generating, writing a business plan, competitor analysis, getting financing, marketing, team building, considering ethical and legal issues, and developing strategies for growth. Cr 3.

LOS 362 Leadership, Sports, and Society

This course provides students interested in sports an opportunity to explore and deconstruct various aspects of sports leadership. Covering a wide range of material, the course will develop critical understanding of the mutually constituted link between sport, leadership, and society. To this end, it applies classical, modern, and postmodern theories of leadership to historical and contemporary sporting examples that will offer a critical view of how sport (and conceptions of sport) are constructed and represented. Micro, meso, and macro levels of analysis will be explained to assist interpretive work and to explore the complexity of the terrain as it directly relates to the study of leadership.

LOS 369 Exploring Careers, Choosing Life Roles
In this mid-level course in the career development series, students relate self-knowledge to career and life roles, with an emphasis on gaining and managing career information; learning various career and life decision-making strategies; and communicating formative academic, co-curricular, and professional experiences in such formats as accomplishment statements and informal interviews. Prerequisite: LCC 123 or LCC 345. Offered fall, spring, summer. Cr 1.5.

LOS 373 Managing Nonprofits
This course will familiarize students with major concepts in the management of a nonprofit and will help them develop the skills to utilize this material in applied situations. Students will explore the mission of the nonprofit, marketing and funding, effective strategies for developing relationships and performance, and ways to enhance leadership skills. Cr 3.

LOS/SBS 381 Introduction to Globalization
This course examines the economic, political, social, and cultural aspects of globalization from an interdisciplinary perspective. The purpose is to get a sense of clarity about what globalization is, how it is affecting people around the world, and why there is an increasingly robust resistance to it on the grassroots level. We will also discuss how to empower ourselves, while being socially responsible in this rapidly changing world. Course format includes discussion, case study, and student presentation on research projects. Prerequisites: SOC 100, ANT 101, or equivalent. Cr 3.

LOS 398 Independent Study
Prerequisites: LOS 300 or junior standing and permission of instructor. Cr 3.

LOS 399 Special Topics
Topics offered will cover current special issues in organizations and/or the study of organizations through alternative methods. Cr 3.

LOS 412 Topics in Human Resource Management.
This course will consider contemporary topics that represent emerging issues for human resource management within organizations. Cr 3.

LOS 413 Job Search Skills for the 21st Century
In this final course in the career development series, students assume active agency in career planning through learning how to market themselves to prospective employers. They learn to create and use the tools needed for career placement, such as cover letters, resumes, and interviews. Prerequisite: HUM/LOS/SBS/SCI 369. Offered fall, spring, summer. Cr 1.5.

LOS/SBS 436 Risk, Public Policy, and Society
This course considers the variety of ways in which risks, especially risks to the environment and to health, are measured, perceived, communicated, and acted upon in our society. Perspectives will be drawn from health fields, natural sciences, and political science, as well as from the social sciences. Cr 3.

LOS 440 Organizational Change and Development
This course explores the theory, research, and processes of leading, managing, and adapting to organizational change. Case studies and experiential learning are used to examine the effectiveness of change efforts and their impact on the group and individual. Cr 3.

LOS 447 Internship
This online course provides students the opportunity to work in their chosen field to evaluate their interest and acquire basic skills needed to market themselves effectively. Students participate in an online seminar in which they learn about and reflect on workplace issues. Students wishing to take more than 3 credit hours must have permission from their faculty advisors. Prerequisite: HUM/LOS/SBS/SCI 413. Offered fall, spring, summer. Cr 3-6.

LOS 470 Leadership Abroad
The goal of this course is to familiarize students with key issues in intercultural leadership and to provide tools to be an effective leader in a globally aware environment. Through international travel, a variety of readings, and reflection exercises, students will examine a diversity of leadership situations and the cultural factors that influence the quality of a leader's performance. In order to help apply theory to experience, students will be given a number of opportunities to articulate ideas about the concepts explored through presentation, group discussion, and writing. Prerequisite: instructor permission. Cr 6.

LOS 487 Consulting in Organizations
Students will work in a team to apply organizational concepts and theories to a real-life organizational situation. Topics include self-assessment, consulting roles, the phases of consulting, consulting strategies, and ethical considerations. Cr 3.

Graduate (Back to top)

LOS 500 Foundations of Leadership Studies I: History and Theory
The course provides an overview of leadership theory and intellectual history using disciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches from philosophy, social science, the humanities (e.g., literature and history), and science. We explore the wealth of interpretive frameworks for leadership with the task of increasing our understanding of this complex and multifaceted phenomenon. The study of leadership can be applied across disciplinary fields and to examine critical issues emerging today. Questions considered include: Are leaders different from followers? What are the ends of leadership? What sort of leadership is needed today? Cr 3.

LOS 501 Foundations of Leadership Studies II: Understanding and Leading Individuals and Groups
The goal of this course is to further the development of students' knowledge of leadership theory and practice, with a special emphasis on the individual and group levels of analysis. Throughout this interdisciplinary exploration of the diverse factors that impact leadership, students will engage in a variety of readings, discussions, writings, and exercises designed to demystify the connections between theory and practice. Cr 3.

LOS 512 Deliberate Creativity and Innovation
Deliberate creativity studies investigate the theory and practice of facilitation methods that enable people, processes, products, and environments to be innovative. After exploring the numerous and diverse facets of this area of study, students should be able to demonstrate (both in discussion and practice) their ability to use their learning in an applied setting. Cr 3.

LOS 550 Cultural Contexts
This course provides an analysis of the role that culture and cultural differences play in contemporary occupational, social/civic, and interpersonal life. The essential question for the course is: how does one show leadership in creating and supporting multicultural relationships, organizations, institutions, and socio-political and economic systems? Cr 3.

LOS 610 Methods of Inquiry
This course considers the concepts, principles, and methods that may be used in research for organizational and leadership studies. Quantitative and qualitative research methods that can be used in organizational planning and decision making and in the social and behavioral sciences will be considered. The course will cover topic areas related to the application of appropriate methods of inquiry. Cr 3.

LOS 611 Communication and Relationship Building
This course investigates the communication and behavioral theories and techniques that mediate interpersonal dynamics. Students will engage in a course of study designed to help them develop awareness of their communication abilities and difficulties and tools to effectively address the interpersonal challenges they face now and will face in the future. Cr 3.

LOS 614 The Conflict Process
Developing skills in framing conflicts and facilitating the communication processes that help groups mediate differences is key to successful leadership. The course examines research on leadership behaviors encountered in a variety of situations including small groups, organizations, communities, and internationally. Cr 3.

LOS 651 Technology in Society
Technology and society studies investigate the social implications of technology, the values expressed in uses of technology, and the policy decisions that affect and are affected by technological change. Students will analyze various arguments surrounding how technological change has affected the manner in which we live and how we as leaders should utilize technology in the future. Cr 3.

LOS 661 Ethical and Spiritual Dimensions of Leadership
What are the roles of ethics and spirituality in leadership? Where does ethics end and spirituality begin? This course approaches the study of leadership from the perspectives of meaning, values, and human connectedness. The hunger to understand our lives, be part of a larger whole, be complete, and serve are examined as they relate to the leadership process. Cr 3.

LOS 662 Community Leadership
This course studies how leadership principles and theories apply to the building of community. Consideration will be given to developing citizenship, volunteerism, and social equity among formal and informal leaders in communities. Cr 3.

LOS 665 Organizational Consulting: A Perspective on Leadership
In this course students learn what consultants do and how they do it effectively, including work in a local organization with a client leader who has a need. Topics include self-assessment, phases of consulting, system frameworks, intervention strategies, and ethical standards and practices. Cr 3.

LOS 670 Leadership Study Abroad
This course investigates the study and practice of leadership in other countries. Students will travel to other countries and examine leadership issues in different contexts. Cr 3.

LOS 688 Capstone Seminar
The seminar allows students the opportunity to work with faculty to develop their master's project or thesis. Seminar meetings will include collegial (student) as well as faculty critique and assistance in developing research and projects. Questions posed by both projects and theses will be discussed. The capstone advisor must approve all projects. The capstone advisor and, when appropriate, an outside reader in an area of concentration must approve thesis topics. The seminar will conclude with students identifying the key questions for their continued study of leadership. Prerequisite: LOS 610. Cr 3.

LOS 689 Master's Project/Master's Thesis
The project option requires students to design an intensive theory-based, applied project that explores the role of leadership in developing and/or implementing meaningful change in an organization or community. Each student will work with a faculty advisor. When appropriate (e.g., when students have a concentration from another graduate program), an outside reader will also be selected jointly by the student and advisor. Written analysis of the project will include a survey of relevant literature, a detailed description of the situation or change being studied, presentation of the method(s) of inquiry and data, and an analysis of the data and other outcomes. The written presentation will include an executive summary and complete bibliography. Projects will also be formally presented to other students, community members, and LAC faculty. Students will be evaluated on both their verbal and written presentation skills.
The thesis option requires students to select a topic for intensive library research, reading, and analysis. It may, for example, summarize and analyze work in new methods or contribute a new theoretical proposal that calls for further testing or research. This work will be designed to produce an article of interest for the field of leadership studies. With a thesis advisor, the student will identify an appropriate professional or academic outlet for publication, and the paper will be prepared and submitted to this outlet. Students will formally present their theses to students, community members, and LAC faculty. Students will be evaluated on both their verbal and written presentation skills. Cr 3.

LOS 698 Independent Study Cr 3.