2017-18 Catalogs

Minor in Early Childhood Studies

Early Childhood Studies Minor (with or without Early Childhood Teacher 081 endorsement)

The Early Childhood Studies Minor is available to any student regardless of major, as well as to SBS majors. The minor provides the skills needed of professionals working with young children and their families, developing perspectives and critical thinking skills needed to understand the multilayered influences that shape human development. Contemporary content prepares students for the growing challenges facing young children in the 21st century, when early childhood professionals are increasingly called upon to understand not only healthy child development, but also: brain development in the first years of life; parenting; cultural and societal contexts; immigration; social, emotional, and mental health concerns including trauma-informed care; poverty; and policies that support or restrict development in this critical period. The six content categories included in the minor are based upon the recommendations of the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) and our community advisors.  Any substitutions must be approved by a faculty advisor.

Important: Please note that Early Childhood Studies is also available as a concentration within the SBS major. A concentration is simply a way for SBS majors to organize their six SBS electives. A minor requires additional coursework beyond the requirements of the major. This page describes the Early Childhood Studies Minor. Click here for information on the concentration.

Students pursuing Early Childhood Studies (ECS) as either a minor or a concentration must complete the necessary paperwork in the Student Success Center so that ECS appears on their MaineStreet Academic Plan.

Maine 081 Early Childhood Teacher (081 birth-5) Endorsement

Students pursuing the Minor in Early Childhood Education may also choose to earn their certification from the State of Maine in Early Childhood Teacher (081 birth-5), which requires specific courses within and beyond the ECS Minor. See Program Requirements for more information.

Early Childhood Studies Minor

In addition to the requirements listed in the BA, the following requirements apply to the Early Childhood Studies Minor.

Non-SBS students complete the ECS minor with one course from the six categories described below.  SBS students wanting to complete the ECS Minor must complete one course in each of the six categories described below plus four additional courses in SBS.

Choose one course from each of the following six categories: child development, family, leadership and professionalism, systems, children and evaluation, and teaching/preparing children for learning. 

1. Child Development

SBS/HRD 200 Multicultural Human Development
SBS 305 Child Development

2. Family

SBS 341 The Family*

3. Leadership and Professionalism
SBS 301 Group Dynamics
SBS 302 Interpersonal Behavior

4. Systems
EDU/LAE 200 Education in the U.S
SBS 310 Childhood and Society*
SBS 346 Introduction to Social Services

5. Children and Evaluation
SBS 350 Psychosocial Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence
SBS 375 Infant Mental Health & Attachment*
SBS 450 Approaches to Assessing Individual Differences in Children

6. Teaching / Preparing Children for Learning

SBS 199 Introduction to Early Childhood
SBS 336 Children’s Literature*
SBS 340 Language Acquisition and Development*
SBS/ECE/LAE 391 Mathematics in Early Childhood Education*
SBS/ECE/LAE 392 Science in Early Childhood Education*
SBS/ECE/LAE 393 Exceptionality in Early Childhood Education*

* Courses denoted with an asterisk (*) are ECT 081 certification required courses


Early Childhood Teacher (081 Birth - Age 5) Certification with Early Childhood Studies Minor

The State of Maine’s Early Childhood Teacher certification (081), which currently covers children from birth to age five, is required for public school pre-K programs and other federally funded programs. This specific credential ensures that early educators have specialized training specific to the developmental levels of the children with whom they work. The Early Childhood Teacher Endorsement (081) is a different certification than the K-3 (029) or K-8 (020) Endorsement.

For the Early Childhood Teacher (081) certification, the ECS Minor is declared and the student completes either SBS/HRD 200 (an SBS requirement) or SBS305, plus all asterisked (*) courses above.  Note that if a student is pursuing the Early Childhood Studies (ECS) minor with 081 certification, the SBS required internship course (LAC 447) must be taken with a placement in Early Childhood Education. Students are advised to consult with their faculty advisors early regarding choice of internship placements.

Acceptance into the Bachelor of Arts in Social and Behavioral Sciences and the Early Childhood Teacher (081) Certification Track is contingent upon admission to USM, declaration of the Early Childhood Teacher (081) Certification Track through the Office of Educator Preparation in Tk20, and successful completion of the University's writing and mathematics proficiency requirements.  The acceptance criteria, declaration procedures, and candidacy directions can be found on the OEP web site at http://usm.maine.edu/educatorpreparation . Acceptance criteria include passing Praxis Core, a GPA of 3.0, a current state criminal history record check, an essay, and two recommendation forms. Once the declaration has been accepted, students must subscribe and pay for Tk20. Students in the Early Childhood Teacher (081) Certification Track must maintain a GPA of 3.0 through out their program and complete candidacy prior to the LAC447 Internship (with an Early Childhood placement).  Candidacy includes passing Praxis II, a GPA of 3.0, an essay, three recommendation forms, and interview.

Tk20 Subscription:

All undergraduate and graduate students who matriculate into an Educator Preparation program or pathway in USM as of summer 2013 or later are required to subscribe to the Tk20 online data management system. The subscription allows students to use the system for assessment, advisement, field-experience and career portfolio management.  The one-time subscription fee of $103 covers some of the expenses related to the administration and assessment of the program.  For loan purposes, it is eligible for consideration as part of the costs. The subscription payment must be made by each student during the first semester of program or pathway matriculation (check with individual programs and pathways for specific subscription timelines).  Subscription instructions are posted on the Office of Educator Preparation website: http://usm.maine.edu/educatorpreparation

Professional Education Council Policy:

In order for USM's Education Preparation Unit program completers to be recommended by the institution to the state for certification or licensure, the candidate must provide evidence of meeting all certification requirements including proficiency of the standards relevant to his/her state approved professional program and this evidence must be compiled and assessed within the context of the Unit's data management system (i.e. Tk20).

Students who fail to meet any of the academic or professional requirements of this track of the major must withdraw from this track, though they may still complete all requirements for the B.A. in Social and Behavioral Sciences and the Early Childhood Studies minor without 081 certification.

Requirements for students pursuing 081 certification with approved corresponding SBS courses - 3 semester hours in each:                                              SBS Course

Child development or developmental psychology     SBS/HRD 200 or SBS 305
Infant/toddler development                                        SBS 375
Language development & early literacy                    SBS 340
 Children’s literature   EDU 336
 Mathematics in Early Childhood Education SBS/ECE/LAE 391
 Science in Early Childhood Education SBS/ECE/LAE 392 
 Exceptionality in Early Childhood Education SBS/ECE/LAE 393

A minimum of six credit hours in at least 2 of the following areas: with SBS courses 

Family studies SBS 341
Advanced child development  SBS 310
Assessment of young children SBS 450

Additional areas for credit hours: Observation of the young child; Early learning environments; Social studies for the young child; and, Additional early literacy.