2018-19 Catalogs

BA in Geography-Anthropology, Specialization in Cultural and Natural Heritage Management

The Bachelor of Arts in Geography-Anthropology emphasizes the integration of the two disciplines and the common interests in examining the relationship between human populations and their natural and built environments. The major is an interdisciplinary degree program. Students enrolled in the major may specialize in one of three tracks:

  • Sustainable Cultures and Communities
  • Cultural and Natural Heritage Management
  • Applied Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Geospatial Analysis

Upon graduation, students find employment in fields that involve archaeology work, cultural resource management, historic preservation, heritage and conservation management, museum, curation and archival work, education, environmental and land use management, community development work, non-profit advocacy, city and regional public service, tourism and recreation, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) related careers in federal, state, local government, and private sector industries.

We focus on developing strong analytical, writing, oral and technical skills and prepare our students to enter the workforce or for future graduate work. Courses emphasize both conceptual and applied learning. Students engage in case studies, community-engaged and client-based projects, and intensive field and lab analysis.

Students have the opportunity to design, develop, research and communicate professional level projects with faculty mentors. As a result of data collection in the field or analysis in our specialized learning laboratories, students also have the opportunity to engage in scholarship through publications and conference presentations, and often receive assistantships and fellowships funded by such organizations as the National Science Foundation, NASA, and the Maine Space Grant consortium.

The program of study beyond the basic requirements should be planned carefully, in close consultation with the student's program advisor, and should be approved by the latter. Such an arrangement allows for flexibility according to the student's interests while also providing close guidance and a control of educational quality by the Geography-Anthropology program.

The Cultural & Natural Heritage Management track is for those interested in developing theoretical and conceptual knowledge, and analytical and technical skills in fields involving the conservation, management, and sustainable development of archaeological, cultural, urban, rural and environmental resources. Graduates are engaged in workforce fields in education, federal, state and local government, and private sector industries including environmental & land use planning, healthcare, non-profits, environmental consulting, planning and policy, and museum, curation and archival work.

All students with majors or specific discipline minors in the social sciences must achieve at least six credits with grades of B or better in the requirements of those majors or minors. No grades of D will be counted toward fulfillment of the major or minor requirements. Except for Independent Studies, no required course may be repeated more than one time.

All students are reminded that, in addition to meeting departmental requirements for the major, they must also meet the University's minimum readiness requirements and the Core curriculum requirements.

The minimum number of credits (exclusive of the University's Core curriculum) required for this track is 37 credits.

Students who select the Cultural and Natural Heritage Management track must take:


  • Either GEO 105 or ANT 105 Society, Environment, and Change
  • ANT 103 Introduction to Archaeology
  • GEO 102 Physical Geography
  • MAT 120 Introduction to Statistics

Methods (6 credits minimum, at least 3 credits from each GEO & ANT):

  • ANT 204 Gulf of Maine: Archaeology, Ecology, and Environmental Change
  • ANT 306 Analysis of Archaeological Materials
  • ANT 308/ANT 508 Environmental Archaeology
  • ANT 315/ANT 515 Ethnography
  • ANT 360/ANT 560 Public Archaeology
  • GEO 209 Introduction to Land Use Planning
  • GEO 270 Mapping Environments and People: Data Visualization and Analysis 
  • GEO 305/GEO 505/GEO 605 Remote Sensing
  • GEO 308/GEO 508/GEO 608 GIS Applications I
  • GEO 340/GEO 440/GEO 540 Digital Mapping
  • GEO 408/GEO 518/GEO 618 GIS Applications II

Topical Electives Select courses from the following list to total at least 18 credits. At least six credits must be from the GEO prefix and at least six credits must be from the ANT prefix with at least 6 credits at or above the 300 level:

  • ANT 201 Human Origins
  • ANT 202 Origins of Civilization
  • ANT 213 Human Ecology
  • ANT 224 Ancient Mesoamerica
  • ANT 250 Archaeology of South America
  • ANT 262 Women, Art & Global Tourism
  • ANT 280 Prehistoric Art
  • ANT 295 Topics in Anthropology (as approved)
  • ANT 320 Anthropology & the Museum
  • ANT 380 African American Historical Archaeology
  • ANT 395 Topics in Anthropology (as approved)
  • ANT 410 Japan: Archaeology Environmental History & Multicultural Perspectives
  • ANT 495 Topics in Anthropology (as approved)
  • GEO 203 Urban & Regional Development
  • GEO 295 Topics in Geography (as approved)
  • GEO 320/GEO 520 Conservation of Natural Resources
  • GEO 370 Maps, Territory, Power
  • GEO 395 Topics in Geography (as approved)
  • GEO 455 Gender, Race and Class in the City
  • GEO 481/GEO 581 Megacities and Global Planning Issues
  • GEO 495 Topics in Geography (as approved)
  • ECO 327 Natural Resource Economics
  • ESP 200 Environmental Planning
  • ESP 220 Introduction to Environmental Policy
  • ESP 285 Global Environmental Issues & Sustainability

Capstone (3 credits minimum):

Any one of the following will count toward the capstone requirement: GYA 300 Archaeology Field School, GYA 350/351 Internship in Applied Geography-Anthropology, GYA 400, summer travel course, Study Abroad, or other courses as approved.

Additionally, all Geography-Anthropology majors are required to demonstrate writing competence by completing either two research papers or one research paper and one research product (e.g., poster, media project) in the major with grades of C or better, from two different professors, at least one semester prior to graduation.

The maximum number of hours of internships, field experience, and/or independent studies that can be applied toward the major is 9 hours. All students must meet with their advisors before registering for courses each semester.