2018-19 Catalogs

BA in Geography-Anthropology, Specialization in Sustainable Cultures and Communities

The Bachelor of Arts in Geography-Anthropology emphasizes the integration of the two disciplines and the common interests in examining the relationship between human populations and their natural and built environments. The major is an interdisciplinary degree program. Students enrolled in the major may specialize in one of three tracks:

  • Sustainable Cultures and Communities
  • Cultural and Natural Heritage Management
  • Applied Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Geospatial Analysis

Upon graduation, students find employment in fields that involve archaeology work, cultural resource management, historic preservation, heritage and conservation management, museum, curation and archival work, education, environmental and land use management, community development work, non-profit advocacy, city and regional public service, tourism and recreation, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) related careers in federal, state, local government, and private sector industries.

We focus on developing strong analytical, writing, oral and technical skills and prepare our students to enter the workforce or for future graduate work. Courses emphasize both conceptual and applied learning. Students engage in case studies, community-engaged and client-based projects, and intensive field and lab analysis.

Students have the opportunity to design, develop, research and communicate professional level projects with faculty mentors. As a result of data collection in the field or analysis in our specialized learning laboratories, students also have the opportunity to engage in scholarship through publications and conference presentations, and often receive assistantships and fellowships funded by such organizations as the National Science Foundation, NASA, and the Maine Space Grant consortium.

The program of study beyond the basic requirements should be planned carefully, in close consultation with the student's program advisor, and should be approved by the latter. Such an arrangement allows for flexibility according to the student's interests while also providing close guidance and a control of educational quality by the Geography-Anthropology program.

Sustainable Cultures & Communities track is for those interested in developing theoretical and conceptual knowledge, and analytical and technical skills in fields involving community and sustainable development, non-profit work, inter-cultural development work, city & regional planning. Graduates are engaged in workforce fields in community development, education, federal, state and local government, and private sector industries including environmental & land use planning, healthcare, non-profits, environmental consulting, planning and policy, and museum, curation and archival work.

All students with majors or specific discipline minors in the social sciences must achieve at least six credits with grades of B or better in the requirements of those majors or minors. No grades of D will be counted toward fulfillment of the major or minor requirements. Except for Independent Studies, no required course may be repeated more than one time.

All students are reminded that, in addition to meeting departmental requirements for the major, they must also meet the University's minimum readiness requirements and the Core curriculum requirements.

The minimum number of credits (exclusive of the University's Core curriculum) required for this track is 36 credits.

Students who select the Sustainable Cultures and Communities track must take:


  • GEO 105 or ANT 105 Society, Environment, and Change
  • ANT 101 Anthropology: The Cultural View
  • GEO 101 Human Geography
  • MAT 120 Introduction to Statistics

Methods (6 credits minimum from list, at least 3 credits from the GEO prefix and at least 3 credits from ANT prefix):

  • ANT 204 Gulf of Maine: Archaeology, Ecology, and Environmental Change
  • ANT 315/ANT 515 Ethnography: Methods, Ethics and Practice
  • ANT 360/ANT 560 Public Archaeology
  • GEO 209 Introduction to Land Use Planning
  • GEO 270 Mapping Environments and People: Data Visualization and Analysis 
  • GEO 305/GEO 505/GEO 605 Remote Sensing
  • GEO 308/GEO 508/GEO 608 GIS Applications I
  • GEO 340/GEO 440/GEO 540 Digital Mapping

Topical Electives Select courses from the following list to total at least 18 credits. At least six credits must be from the GEO prefix and at least six credits must be from the ANT prefix with at least 6 credits at or above the 300 level:

  • ANT 202 Origins of Civilization
  • ANT 213 Human Ecology
  • ANT 220 Indigenous Communities of North America
  • ANT 230 Hunters and Gatherers
  • ANT 232 The Anthropology of Sex and Gender
  • ANT 233 Food and Culture
  • ANT 255 Cultures of Africa
  • ANT 295 Topics in Anthropology (as approved)
  • ANT 302 Medical Anthropology
  • ANT 380 African American Historical Archaeology
  • ANT 395 Topics in Anthropology (as approved)
  • ANT 495 Topics in Anthropology (as approved)
  • GEO 120 Geography of Maine
  • GEO 170 Global History: Mapping the World across Cultures
  • GEO 203 Urban & Regional Development
  • GEO 255 Making a Living: Workers in a Global Economy
  • GEO 295 Topics in Geography (as approved)
  • GEO 302/GEO 502 Gender, Work & Space
  • GEO 303/GEO 503 Economic Geography
  • GEO 370 Maps, Territory, Power
  • GEO 395 Topics in Geography (as approved)
  • GEO 455/GEO 555 Gender, Race, and Class in the City
  • GEO 481/GEO 581 Megacities and Global Planning Issues
  • GEO 495 Topics in Geography (as approved)

Capstone (3 credits minimum):

Any one of the following will count toward the capstone requirement: GYA 300 Archaeology Field School; GYA 350/351 Internship in Applied Geography-Anthropology, GYA 400, summer travel course, Study Abroad, existing capstones or other courses as approved.

Additionally, all Geography-Anthropology majors are required to demonstrate writing competence by completing either two research papers or one research paper and one research product (e.g., poster, media project) in the major with grades of C or better, from two different professors, at least one semester prior to graduation.

The maximum number of hours of internships, field experience, and/or independent studies that can be applied toward the major is nine hours. All students must meet with their advisors before registering for courses each semester.