BA in Geography-Anthropology - Social Studies, Secondary Teacher Education
The Geography-Anthropology program offers a teacher certification track for prospective social studies teachers at the secondary education level. The Secondary Teacher Education Program is designed to prepare early middle and high school teachers, grades 7-12 teachers who are knowledgeable of the social studies content they will teach and who have the skills to apply that knowledge to teaching. Secondary education students major in Geography-Anthropology (choosing one of three specializations), take a series of teacher education courses that satisfy their University Core Curriculum requirements, and fulfill the requirements for teacher certification in social studies. These courses introduce students to aspects of teaching and learning and give them hands-on experiences in community agencies and schools where they can connect what they are learning to the real world. At the time of degree completion, students will have met the degree requirements for a Geography-Anthropology major and for initial teacher certification.
The Bachelor of Arts in Geography-Anthropology emphasizes the integration of the two disciplines and the common interests in examining the relationship between human populations and their natural and built environments. The major is an interdisciplinary degree program. Students enrolled in the major may specialize in one of three tracks:
- Sustainable Cultures and Communities
- Cultural and Natural Heritage Management
- Applied Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Geospatial Analysis
Upon graduation, students find employment in fields that involve archaeology work, cultural resource management, historic preservation, heritage and conservation management, museum, curation and archival work, education, environmental and land use management, community development work, non-profit advocacy, city and regional public service, tourism and recreation, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) related careers in federal, state, local government, and private sector industries.
We focus on developing strong analytical, writing, oral and technical skills and prepare our students to enter the workforce or for future graduate work. Courses emphasize both conceptual and applied learning. Students engage in case studies, community-engaged and client-based projects, and intensive field and lab analysis.
Students have the opportunity to design, develop, research and communicate professional level projects with faculty mentors. As a result of data collection in the field or analysis in our specialized learning laboratories, students also have the opportunity to engage in scholarship through publications and conference presentations, and often receive assistantships and fellowships funded by such organizations as the National Science Foundation, NASA, and the Maine Space Grant Consortium.
The program of study beyond the basic requirements should be planned carefully, in close consultation with the student's program advisor, and should be approved by the latter. Such an arrangement allows for flexibility according to the student's interests while also providing close guidance and a control of educational quality by the Geography-Anthropology program.
USM Core Curriculum (including pre-internship education courses):
- EYE 108, Culture, Identity and Education, or EDU 100, Exploring Teaching as a Profession
- College Writing - ENG 100 (3 cr.)
- Cultural Interpretation (3 cr.)
- Quantitative - MAT 120 (4 cr.)
- Creative Expression (3 cr.) (THE 102 or 170 recommended)
- Socio-Cultural Analysis - HRD 200 Multicultural Human Development (3 cr.)
- Science Exploration - GEO 102 (4 cr.)
- Ethics - EDU 310 Purpose of Schooling in a Democracy (3 cr.)
- Cluster - EDU 222 Foundations of Language and Literacy Development, EDU 305 Foundations of Cultural and Linguistic Diversity, and SED 335 Students with Exceptionalities in General Education (9 cr.)
- Diversity and International met with EDU 305 and EDU 310 respectively
Geography-Anthropology - Major Requirements:
All students with majors or specific discipline minors in the social sciences must achieve at least six credits with grades of B or better in the requirements of those majors or minors. No grades of D will be counted toward fulfillment of the major or minor requirements. Except for Independent Studies, no required course may be repeated more than one time.
All students are reminded that, in addition to meeting departmental requirements for the major, they must also meet the University's minimum readiness requirements and the Core curriculum requirements.
The minimum number of credits (exclusive of the University's Core curriculum & Professional Education Internship requirements) required for the major: 36-39.
Students may concentrate in any one of the following specializations:
- Sustainable Cultures and Communities
- Cultural and Natural Heritage Management
- Applied Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Geospatial Analysis
For all specializations, students in the social studies, secondary education track complete the major requirements for a BA in Geography-Anthropology. One methods course for the major may be met with an EDU methods and one topical elective may be met with an EDU internship in secondary education. Similarly, the major capstone requirement may be met with an EDU capstone.
Additionally, all Geography-Anthropology majors are required to demonstrate writing competence by completing either two research papers or one research paper and one research product (e.g., poster, media project) in the major with grades of C or better, from two different professors, at least one semester prior to graduation. The maximum number of credit hours of internships, field experience, and/or independent studies that can be applied toward the major is 9 credits. All students must meet with their advisors before registering for courses each semester.
In addition to in-depth knowledge of ANT and GEO gained through the major, students will complete coursework in HTY and other Social Studies disciplines to become highly qualified to teach. With prior approval, 2 POS/ECO electives at or above the 300-level may be used to fulfill topical elective requirements in the GYA degree. Required courses include:
- HTY 101 Western Civilization I
- HTY 102 Western Civilization II
- HTY 121 United States History to 1800
- HTY 122 United States History 1800 – 1900 Or
- HTY 123 United States History since 1900 and
- 2 POS/ECO electives.
Secondary Teacher Education (7-12) Requirements for Geography-Anthropology Majors
Secondary Teacher Education
The Secondary Teacher Education Pathway is designed to prepare middle and high school teachers, grades 7-12 (K-12 for foreign language teachers) who are knowledgeable of the content they will teach and who have the skills to apply that knowledge to classroom teaching. Secondary education students major in the discipline they plan to teach and take a series of teacher education courses that satisfy their University Core Curriculum requirements as well as
fulfill the requirements for Maine teacher certification in their discipline. These courses introduce students to aspects of teaching and learning and provide hands-on field experiences in schools and community agencies where they can make connections between theory and practice. At the time of degree completion, students will have met the degree requirements for a major and for initial teacher certification.
Program Declaration and Withdrawal
All students must formally declare their entry into a teacher education pathway by completing the Declaration and/or Dropping of Undergraduate Teacher Education Pathway Form through the registrar’s office. The form is located in the forms section of the Office of Registration and Scheduling Services. https://usm.maine.edu/registration-services/1forms
The minimum academic requirements to be a student in good standing in the Secondary Education Pathway are as follows:
- A grade of B- or better in all professional education coursework.
- A grade of C or better in content courses required for the area of teacher certification. An overall GPA of 3.0 or better.
Failure to maintain the above requirements may result in program dismissal. Appeals may be made in writing to the Director of Educator Preparation.
Upon declaring the Secondary Teacher Education Pathway, a student becomes a pre-candidate. The pre-candidacy phase of the program is the first three years of the program prior to the professional internship. Pre-candidacy coursework is as follows:
- EDU 310 Purpose of Schooling in a Democracy* (3 cr) EYE 108 Culture, Identity and Education (3 cr)
- SED 300 Ethics and Youth with Exceptionalities (3 cr.)
- EDU 100 Exploring Teaching as a Profession* (3 cr)
- EDU 222 Foundations of Language and Literacy Development* (3 cr)
- EDU 305 Foundations of Cultural and Linguistic Diversity* (3 cr) HRD/SBS 200 Multicultural Human Development (3 cr)
- SED 335 Students with Exceptionalities in General Education* (3 cr)
Each of the courses with a * includes required service learning or practicum hours in a partner school or community setting to give pre-candidates hands-on experience with students and create connections between theory and practice. These formal placements are arranged by the Field Experience Coordinator in the Office of Educator Preparation. Other education courses may require observation experiences in field settings that students arrange on their own. Students are required to be fingerprinted prior to starting a course that includes a field experience placement. For more information on the fingerprinting process see:
Candidacy takes place in the fall semester of the third year or when a student has completed the pre-candidacy teacher education coursework and has made satisfactory and sufficient progress in their major. Candidacy is the process pre-candidates go through in order to be admitted to the professional level courses and internship. To be eligible for candidacy, pre-candidates must be in good academic standing, have passed the Praxis Core, and provided evidence of their Criminal History Record Check.
Please see USM’s Professional Licensure and Certification Notice located on the Office of Registration Services website for more information: https://usm.maine.edu/registration-services/academic-policies-undergraduate
Pre-candidates are required to complete and show documentation of the fingerprinting process outlined by the Maine Department of Education: http://www.maine.gov/doe/cert/fingerprinting.
Pre-candidates must complete the Candidacy application in TK20 (more information below) as well as provide a current resume and two letters of recommendation. The candidacy application is due on January 31 of each year. Upon review eligible pre-candidates will be invited to participate in a 30-minute internship admission interview.
The professional internship is a full-year experience that fulfills Maine’s student teaching requirement and provides secondary education teacher candidates the opportunity to apply what they are learning in their teacher education courses in a more sustained and in-depth setting. The first semester internship is the equivalent of 20 hours per week in a partner school district, and the second semester internship is a full time, five days per week experience in a partner school. Students take the internship courses concurrently.
- EDU 414 Improving Teaching in Content Areas Through Literacy for All Students Including Those with Diverse Abilities and Backgrounds
- EDU 442 Seminar in Teaching, Learning, and Assessment
- EDU 445 Internship in General Education (9 cr total--3 credits first semester and 6 credits second semester) SED 420 Multi-Tiered Systems of Educational Support (3 cr)
Content Area Methods Course-one of the following (3 cr):
- EDU 401 Secondary Science Methods for All Students Including Those of Diverse Abilities and Backgrounds
- EDU 402 Secondary English Methods EDU 403 Foreign Language Methods
- EDU 404 Secondary Social Studies Methods for All Students Including Those of Diverse Abilities and Backgrounds
- MME 434 Secondary Mathematics Methods
The following majors have Secondary Teacher Education Pathway options:
- Environmental Science Geography - Anthropology History
- Natural and Applied Sciences
Please see each major’s section of this catalog for their requirements.
Secondary Teacher Education Pathway students (grades 7-12) need a minimum of twenty-four credit hours in the content areas they plan to teach. It is recommended that those interested in teaching at the middle level complete coursework in a second content area (e.g. English, mathematics, social studies or science) to become highly qualified to teach an additional content area. Finally, students should consider taking additional education courses, which will support them in becoming more well-rounded teachers, in topics such as literacy and technology.
Tk20 by Watermark is the comprehensive web-based, assessment management and reporting system used by all students in Educator Preparation programs at USM. All undergraduate and graduate students who matriculate into an Educator Preparation program at USM and are accepted as a candidate for their internship/student teaching year are required to subscribe to Tk20. Students use Tk20 to provide evidence they have mastered state and professional standards for their profession. The subscription fee of $103 covers some of the expenses related to the administration and assessment of the program. For loan purposes, Tk20 is eligible for consideration as part of educational costs. The subscription is a one-time payment and must be made by each student after they have passed their candidacy process and before the first semester of their internship year. Subscription instructions are posted on the Office of Educator Preparation website at http://usm.maine.edu/educator-preparation .
Please note Professional Education Council Policy: In order for USM’s Education Preparation Unit program completers to be recommended by the institution to the Maine Department of Education for certification or licensure, the candidate must provide evidence of meeting all certification requirements including proficiency on the standards relevant to her/his state-approved professional program and this evidence must be compiled and assessed within the context of the Unit’s data management system (i.e., Tk20).
Recommendation for Certification
Graduates who successfully complete all the Secondary Teacher Education Pathway requirements are eligible for recommendation for teacher certification in Maine. In order to be recommended for certification, students must complete the Recommendation for Certification form. Students who fail to meet the academic or professional requirements for the Secondary Teacher Education Pathway or choose not to pursue teacher certification may withdraw from the pathway and graduate with their major.
NOTE--Course requirements are subject to change based upon changes in teacher certification regulations.