Department of Linguistics

Course Descriptions

Department of Linguistics Course Descriptions

Linguistics Courses

LIN 105 Contrastive Analysis: ASL and English
This course examines the major linguistic features of ASL and English. Students will gain an understanding of the basic similarities and differences in morphology, phonology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics, as well as the values, beliefs, and norms of the Deaf and non-Deaf communities. Some knowledge of ASL is recommended, but not required. Offered every fall. Cr 3.

LIN 112 The Birth of a Language
The goal of this course is to explore the many factors that impact the use, development, and emergence of language by focusing on one unique case of language emergence in Nicaragua and the social and political context in which it arose. The emergence of Nicaraguan Sign Language is the first case in which any language, spoken or signed, has been documented in the process of its emergence. Students will engage in critical thinking and exploration of controversial debates concerning the nature of language as a human trait, the evolution/emergence of language in the human species, and the historical factors that converge to set the stage for the emergence of a language. The course is highly interdisciplinary, relating the linguistic concepts to history, psychology, political science, philosophy (particularly ethics), neuroscience, Latin American Studies, and Spanish. No prior knowledge of a signed language is required. Offered once a year, semester varies, sometimes summer. Cr 3.

LIN 185 Language, Mind, and Society: An Introduction to Linguistics
This course approaches language as a biological and psychological phenomenon central to an adequate understanding of human nature. It provides an overview of phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics. It deals with linguistic questions concerning language variation, as well as questions about how the human mind and brain both provide for and constrain linguistic ability. The course also addresses questions about how language develops in children, how it deteriorates under the influence of disease and injury, how it evolved in the history of the species, and how it fundamentally shapes modern life. The course does not assume any background in linguistics or language study. Linguistics majors may repeat this course at most one time. In order for this course to satisfy the Science Exploration requirement, students must also take the corresponding laboratory course, LIN 186. Offered every fall and spring. Cr 3.

LIN 186 Introduction to Linguistics: Lab

Laboratory studies to complement and illustrate the concepts presented in LIN 185. Prerequisite: Prior or concurrent registration in LIN 185. Offered every fall and spring. Cr 1.

LIN 201 Language Acquisition
An introductory overview of the phenomena of language and communication development. The course covers the acquisition of phonology, morphology, syntax, and the lexicon, as well as the development of communicative competence. Each of these areas will be discussed with respect to production, comprehension, and knowledge. Prerequisite: LIN 185. Offered every two years in fall. Cr 3.

LIN 203 Introduction to the Deaf World
A Deaf instructor presents the culture and history of Deaf communities from a national and international perspective. Deaf communities are examined as cultural and linguistic minorities, with all the tensions and conflicts that arise within such minority groups and with the stresses that arise when outsiders interact with such minority groups. Some exposure to ASL is recommended, but not required. Offered every spring. Cr 3.

LIN 211 Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech and Hearing Mechanism
The basic principles of the structure and function of the neuromuscular mechanism necessary for spoken language will be presented. These include six major topics: respiration, phonation, articulation, resonance, the nervous system, and the auditory system. Mastering these fundamentals will enable students to better understand normal and pathological processes involved in the production and reception of speech. Offered every two years in spring. Cr 3.

LIN 212 Speech Science
This course covers the acoustical, articulatory, perceptual, and physiological aspects of speech. It considers the acoustic contributions of the movements and postures of various articulators. It will also examine the neurophysiology of speech, including timing, control, and interactions among articulators. Offered every two years in spring. Cr 3.

LIN 213 Introduction to Audiology
This course introduces the anatomy, physiology, and function of the auditory system, focusing on those central auditory nervous system functions, including cognitive functions, that are most relevant to audiologists and speech/language pathologists. This course provides a foundation for understanding aural rehabilitation and diagnosis of auditory pathology, as well as a practical introduction to the measurement and assessment of auditory function. Offered every two years in fall. Cr 3.

LIN 232 Introduction to Educational Interpreting
This course is designed for interpreting students and working interpreters, and focuses upon skills training in K-12 settings, with some attention to university-level interpreting. We address appropriate classroom configurations, teacher/interpreter interaction, role/responsibilities of the educational interpreter, and the code of ethics. Working educational interpreters are offered the option of a diagnostic session where their skills in the classroom are directly observed and evaluated with specific and individualized constructive feedback. Prerequisite: grade of B or higher in ASL 202 or equivalent. Offered irregularly, depending on demand. Cr 3.

LIN 236 Not Yet Ready for Prime Time Interpreter
This course is designed to provide a safe and systematic way for students in the ASL/English Interpreting Concentration to gain experience in the actual practice of interpreting. Students will practice interpreting at community events as members of a team that will include trained consumers acting in a mentorship role. This course is a one-credit pass/fail offering and may be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: LIN 331 and instructor permission. Offered fall and spring. Cr 1.

LIN 310 Signs of Language in the Brain
This course looks at language as a capacity of the human brain. Models of language breakdown for spoken languages are reviewed, and the remainder of the course focuses upon signed language aphasia, the effects of Parkinson's disease on articulation and motor planning, and how spatial and attentional deficits caused by right hemisphere damage affect the processing and production of signing. Prerequisite: LIN 185. Offered every fall. Cr 3.

LIN 311 Phonetics
An introduction to speech sounds, covering the basic elements of articulatory and acoustic phonetics and of speech perception. The course also reviews the process by which infants come to be competent at perceiving and producing the sounds of their native language. Topics discussed will also include the contributions of selected brain regions to the use of sounds and the cross-linguistic variation in sounds. Prerequisite: grade of B or higher in LIN 185. Offered every two years in fall. Cr 3.

LIN 312 Phonology and Morphology
An introduction to the derivation of words in natural language. The course covers the sound system, the processes by which words are dynamically derived from other words, and the processes by which words are inflected to mark the roles they assume in sentences. Particular attention is also given to the great variety of word-building systems that occur in the world's languages and to the means by which children acquire the phonological and morphological processes of their native language. Prerequisite: grade of B or higher in LIN 185. Offered every two years in spring. Cr 3.

LIN 313 Syntax
This is an introduction to the role of sentences and sentence structure in natural language. The course addresses the questions: What makes a particular string of words usable as a sentence? Why are some strings acceptable while others are not? What is the nature of the knowledge humans bring to the process of forming and interpreting sentences? How is this knowledge acquired? Why is the ability to produce and understand well-formed sentences disrupted by injury to specific brain regions? How and why do the sentence patterns that are typical of a language community change over time? Prerequisite: grade of B or higher in LIN 185. Offered every fall. Cr 3.

LIN 314 Semantics
An introduction to the study of meaning in natural language. The course explores questions about the nature of meanings and how they are related to minds. Another concern is the relation between words and sentences, on one hand, and the objects, events and relations we experience in the world, on the other. How are words linked to things in the world? How do words refer or describe? What is it for a sentence to be true? Prerequisite: grade of B or higher in LIN 185. Offered irregularly, depending on demand. Cr 3.

LIN 315 Field Methods
Students learn to use a variety of elicitation and field methods techniques to explore the linguistic structure of a language that is foreign to them. They work with a native signer or speaker and apply their knowledge of linguistics to a specific aspect of the grammar of the language. Prerequisite: LIN 312 or LIN 313. Offered irregularly, depending on demand. Cr 3.

LIN 316 Language Variation
The topic of this course is linguistic typology, in which the languages of the world are classified in terms of the grammatical features that they have in common. This course will focus primarily on morphological and syntactic typology, surveying the types of patterns that are found across the languages of the world. Each student will focus on a particular language or language family for their assignments. Prerequisites: LIN 312 and LIN 313, or concurrent. Offered every two years in spring. Cr 3.

LIN 317 Two Languages, One Mind: Introduction to Second Language Acquisition and Bilingualism
This is a survey course that acquaints students with the phenomenon of bilingualism by studying second language acquisition (SLA) and heritage language acquisition. This course is designed for students with little to no background in bilingualism but presents opportunities for students of all levels to develop their skills as linguists. Prerequisite: LIN 185. Offered every fall. Cr 3.

LIN 331 ASL/English Interpreting
This course offers the beginning interpreting student an introduction to the field of interpreting, its code of ethics, and several models and approaches to the interpreting process. Students will become familiar with the complex processing required to provide a nuanced interpretation through learning a form of text analysis called discourse mapping. Prerequisites: grade of B or higher in ASL 202 or equivalent; or grade of B or higher in ASL 201 or equivalent and ASL 202 concurrently; or permission of instructor. Offered every spring. Cr 3.

LIN 332 Consecutive Interpreting and Deaf/Hearing Interpreter Teams
This course covers the mechanics of the consecutive interpreting process, as well as hands-on training in the consecutive method for both Deaf and hearing interpreters. Emphasis is placed upon teaming, particularly teaming of Deaf and hearing interpreters.  Consecutive interpreting will be taught in the context of a variety of typical interpreting situations as well as situations involving special populations. Demand-Control Schema is introduced and explored as a means of process management.  May be repeated once for credit with permission of instructor. Prerequisites: LIN 331 and rating of 2 or better on the ASLA or ASLPI. May be repeated one time for credit. Offered every fall. Cr 3.

LIN 333 Interpreting: Source Language ASL
Students focus on interpreting from ASL into English with emphasis on word choice, register, and affect. The interpreting process is dissected, examined with emphasis on the Integrated Model of Interpreting (IMI), and practiced. May be repeated once for credit with permission of instructor. Prerequisites: LIN 331 and rating of 2 or better on the ASLA or ASLPI. May be repeated one time for credit. Offered every fall. Cr 3.

LIN 334 Interpreting: Source Language English
Interpreting students study both formal translation and interpretation from English into ASL. Emphasis is placed upon appropriate sign choice, register, and affect. The interpreting process is dissected, examined, and practiced. Course may be repeated once for credit with permission of instructor. Prerequisites: LIN 331 and rating of 2 or better on the ASLA or ASLPI. May be repeated one time for credit. Offered every fall. Cr 3.

LIN 336 Observational Internship
Interpreting students will be supervised in a 60-hour internship where they observe working interpreters or specialized settings (legal, medical, educational, etc.) and journal their observations. They will analyze these observations using Demand-Control Schema and will present at least one formal case presentation during the semester. May be taken more than once for a maximum of 6 credits. Prerequisite: LIN 331. Offered fall and spring. Cr 3.

LIN 394 Teaching Internship
Students will work closely with a faculty member on a course. They will be involved in all aspects of the course that don't involve grading, including class preparation and tutoring. Students should contact the Department chair for details. May be taken more than once for a maximum of six credits. Grade: Pass/fail. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Offered fall and spring. Cr 3.

LIN 395 Research Internship
Students will work closely with a faculty member on a research project. They will be involved in experimental design, data collection, data entry, and data analysis, and will attend regularly scheduled lab meetings. Enrollment in LIN 395 will depend on needs determined by current research projects. Selection is made by the faculty. Students should contact the Department chair for details. May be taken more than once for a maximum of six credits. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Offered fall and spring. Cr 3.

LIN 398 Independent Study
In preparation for this course, the student selects a topic in linguistics that is substantially different from that of any regular course and finds an instructor to serve as faculty mentor. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Offered fall and spring. Cr var.

LIN 401 Foundations of Interpreting I
The first module of the Foundations of Interpreting Series introduces the Integrated Model of Interpreting (IMI). Participants learn what constitutes a message and how goal, affect, culture, and sociolinguistic factors influence understanding of that message. Graduated ASL texts and collaborative analysis protocols allow students to develop tools for understanding and improving their interpretation processes and developing the language necessary to discuss the interpreting task. Brief source texts on topics related to the Deaf community are presented live in ASL. Students are encouraged to allow a consecutive mode that allows for extended processing time. Prerequisite: ASL 201 or permission of instructor. Offered every fall and spring. Cr 1.

LIN 402 Foundations of Interpreting II
The second module of the Foundations of Interpreting Series continues the development of the Integrated Model of Interpreting (IMI). Consecutive interpreting will be used for all practice activities. Analysis criteria are expanded to include register and perspective. Focus is placed upon decision-making regarding appropriate retention versus release of form. Activities are expanded to include back translation exercises and collaborative construction of target texts. Brief source texts in English cover highly familiar topics. Prerequisite: LIN 401. Offered every fall and spring. Cr 1.

LIN 403 Foundations of Interpreting III
The third module of the Foundations of Interpreting Series continues the development of the Integrated Model of Interpreting (IMI). Consecutive interpreting will be used for practice activities with a gradual reduction of processing time. Source texts in ASL are monologues, covering a variety of non-technical subjects. Focus is placed upon decision-making regarding the interpretation of formal and consultative register. Students collaborate to perform discourse analysis on source texts as well as to construct equivalent target messages. Prerequisite: LIN 401, LIN 402 recommended. Offered every fall and spring. Cr 1.

LIN 404 Foundations of Interpreting IV
The fourth module of the Foundations of Interpreting Series continues the development of the Integrated Model of Interpreting (IMI). Consecutive interpreting will be used for practice activities with a gradual reduction of processing time. Source texts in English are monologues, covering a variety of non-technical subjects. Focus is placed upon decision-making regarding the interpretation of formal and consultative register. Students collaborate to perform discourse analysis on source texts as well as to construct equivalent target messages. Prerequisite: LIN 402, LIN 403 recommended. Offered every fall and spring. Cr 1.

LIN 410 Ethical Decision Making in ASL/English Interpreting
This course explores critical thinking skills regarding ethical decision making using a number of approaches within the set of models that explore "right versus right" dilemmas. Students learn to identify ethical issues, gather information, identify principles that may inform decisions, generate lists of possible decisions and examine them in terms of consequences, determine best alternatives based upon reflection and reason, make choices that direct action, and evaluate the outcomes of the actions they take. Working as a community of inquiry and practice, members of the class engage in dialogue with others examining ethical dilemmas, learning to appreciate the viewpoints of others, and broadening their perspectives. Among a variety of principles that influence ethical decision making, students examine the RID-NAD Code of Professional Conduct. They compare it with similar documents within the field of interpreting as well as codes from other fields. Prerequisites: LIN 332, LIN 333, or LIN 334; or permission of instructor (for students without ASL or interpreting background who can demonstrate experience in other areas involving ethical decision making). Offered every spring. Cr 3.

LIN 413 Supervised Mentoring
Interpreting students apprentice with a program-approved mentor and submit a weekly journal entry, attend a series of skills improvement workshops and/or engage in laboratory-based research to complete 90 contact hours of interpreting-related skills improvement activities. Students attend a biweekly meeting with interpreters to address current issues and difficult situations encountered. Special arrangements will be made for mentoring partnerships at remote sites. Prerequisites: LIN 333 and LIN 334. Cr 3.

LIN 423 Seminar in Syntax
This course considers a topic in syntax from a variety of perspectives: crosslinguistic variation, signed and spoken languages, language evolution, first and second language acquisition, and language processing. The course will be team-taught by faculty members with different areas of expertise. Prerequisite: LIN 313. Offered every spring. Cr 3.

LIN 425 Special Topics in ASL/English Interpreting
This seminar centers around a single topic, for example, legal interpreting, interpreting for special populations (deaf-blind, oral, cued-speech, minimal language skills assessment and interpreting), ethical issues, medical and mental health interpreting, interpreter assessment, and interpreting the 12 steps. The course will be offered in response to student interest in a given topic and may be repeated as topics vary. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Offered irregularly, depending on demand. Cr var.

LIN 426 Special Topics in Theoretical Linguistics
This seminar focuses on one area of theoretical linguistics, e.g. phonology, morphology, syntax, or semantics. It will offer a more in-depth and advanced discussion than is presented in the 300-level courses on these topics. The course will be offered in response to student interest in a given topic. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Offered irregularly, depending on demand. Cr 3.

LIN 431 Medical Interpreting I: The Essential Piece
This is the first in a series of three courses for medical interpreters that qualifies students to stand for written credentialing exams within the field (including the IMIA Medical Interpreting Written Test). This course focuses upon knowledge about the field of medical interpreting including body systems, ethical issues, laws related to medical interpreting, health disparities, precautions, the components of taking a medical history, and identification of situations when medical interpreting takes on legal ramifications. Prerequisites: ASL 202 and preferably LIN 331. Offered irregularly, depending on demand. Cr 3.

LIN 432 Medical Interpreting II: Interpreting Medical Terminology and Body Systems
This is the second in a series of three courses for medical interpreters. This course focuses upon medical terminology and body systems. Students study medical terminology in English (Greek and Latin forms, word breakdown, etc.) as well as the process of interpreting this information into their languages of interpretation. The instructor for this course is both a medical interpreter and language coach for American Sign Language. Interpreters of other languages will be assigned a language coach in their language areas. Prerequisites: ASLA, ASLPI (for ASL) or ACTFL (for other languages) of 2 or higher, LIN 331, and preferably LIN 431. Offered irregularly, depending on demand. Cr 3.

LIN 433 Medical Interpreting III: Hands-on Observation and Experience in Medical Contexts
The course is a hands-on experience with role play, simulation labs, interviews with medical interpreters and medical personnel, and job shadowing to be held on-site at a variety of simulation labs and medical settings. Students will include both medical students and medical interpreters, and they will be expected to develop understanding of interpreted encounters as peer professionals. Prerequisites for interpreting students: LIN 431, LIN 432, Maine Licensure, CCHI certification or evidence of passing the IMIA written test, a score of 3 or above on the ASLA, ASLPI, or ACTFL interview. Certified interpreters working in the medical field can enroll with instructor permission. Medical students and nursing students should be at or above the level of rotations or internship. Offered irregularly, depending on demand. Cr 3.

LIN 434 Advanced Interpreting and Research
This course requires participation in the capstone course LIN 435 but instead of practicum, the student will complete an advanced research project related to interpreting. Prerequisites: One of LIN 332, LIN 333, or LIN 334, and rating of 2 or better on the ASLA or ASLPI, or permission of instructor. Offered every spring. Cr 6.

LIN 435 Advanced Interpreting and Practicum I
This capstone course requires completion of the student's professional interpreting portfolio and a 120-hour supervised practicum. Students will demonstrate competence interpreting a range of dialects and registers of ASL and English produced by both children and adults and will journal their assignments with a focus upon Demand-Control Schema, analysis of the interpreting process, and ethical considerations. Students may take this course for up to 12 credits. Each credit beyond six adds 15 hours of practicum. Prerequisites: LIN 332, LIN 333, LIN 334, LIN 410 (completed or concurrent), a passing grade on the NIC Knowledge Exam, a rating of 3 or better on the ASLA or ASLPI, and permission of instructor. Offered every spring. Cr 6-12.

LIN 436 Practicum II
This course is a second 120-hour supervised practicum at a more advanced level. Students in Practicum II more likely to be placed in agency environments and as apprentices in specialized settings. Over the course of the practicum, students are expected to demonstrate increasing evidence of work-readiness. While they may eventually accept assignments for pay as deemed appropriate by their supervisors, they may not count paid hours toward practicum. All assignments will be journaled with a focus upon Demand-Control Schema, analysis of the interpreting process, and ethical considerations. Students may take this course for up to 12 credits. Each credit beyond six adds 15 hours of practicum. Prerequisite: LIN 435. Offered every spring. Cr 6-12.

LIN 490 Introduction to Language Research
An introduction to basic aspects of the experimental study of human linguistic abilities. This will include coverage of the identification of viable research questions, literature reviews, special considerations for materials preparation for language experiments, research design, sampling, control of artifacts, data handling, analysis, some special statistical considerations, and reporting conventions. Students will also be introduced to various computer resources relevant to these matters. Prerequisites: LIN 311, LIN 312, LIN 313, LIN 314, and LIN 315 (one of which may be taken concurrently), or permission of the instructor; MAT 120, PSY 201, or equivalent. Offered every two years in spring. Cr 3.

LIN 498 Thesis
The topic for the thesis must be selected in consultation with the student's advisor and approved by the linguistics faculty. Students will meet regularly with their advisor as they work on the project. The final product will include a finished thesis that is approved by the linguistics faculty, as well as a public presentation. The thesis ideally should  be completed by the end of the fall semester of the student's senior year. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Offered fall and spring. Cr 3.

Language Courses

 American Sign Language (ASL) Courses (back to Language Courses)

ASL 101 Beginning American Sign Language I
This is a beginning course in American Sign Language (ASL). It will include extensive study of receptive and expressive use of ASL, as well as an introductory discussion of Deaf culture. Course content covers basic principles in the use of sign, sign vocabulary, and aspects of the grammar of ASL. In addition to class sessions, students will use written materials and other media outside of class. This course has a community interaction requirement of four hours over the semester. Offered every fall and spring. Cr 4.

ASL 102 Beginning American Sign Language II
This is the second beginning course in American Sign Language (ASL). This course has a community interaction requirement of nine hours over the semester. Prerequisite: ASL 101 or departmental permission. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

ASL 201 Intermediate American Sign Language I
This is the third in a four-course sequence in American Sign Language (ASL). The course includes extensive work on receptive and expressive use of ASL. It emphasizes the grammatical structure of ASL, particularly its morphology, syntax, and semantics. In addition to class sessions, students will work with media from external resources. This course has a community interaction requirement of 14 hours over the semester. Prerequisite: ASL 102 or departmental permission. Offered every fall. Cr 4.

ASL 202 Intermediate American Sign Language II
Continuation of ASL 201. This course has a community interaction requirement of 19 hours over the semester. Toward the end of the course, every student will take the ASLA, an external assessment of ASL skills. Prerequisite: ASL 201 or departmental permission. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

ASL 401 Advanced American Sign Language I

This is the fifth in a sequence of courses in American Sign Language. This course focuses on advanced expressive skills, including explaining, rephrasing, demonstrating, and persuading. Grammatical principles and functions will be emphasized. Aspects of grammar that will be expanded include classifiers, conditional sentences, rhetorical questions, and relative clauses. Appropriate cultural behaviors and conversational regulators in ASL will continue to be an important part of class. This course has a community interaction requirement of 24 hours over the semester. Prerequisites: grade of B or higher in ASL 202 or equivalent, and rating of 2 or better on the ASLA or ASLPI. Offered every fall. Cr 4.

ASL 402 Advanced American Sign Language II
Continuation of ASL 401. This course has a community interaction requirement of 29 hours over the semester. Prerequisites: Grade of C or higher in ASL 401, and rating of 2 or better on the ASLA or ASLPI, or departmental permission. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

ASL 415 ASL Literature in ASL
This course, conducted in ASL, introduces Deaf and hearing students to American Sign Language literature, including introductions and face-to-face narratives, as well as literary genres such as the ASL epic poem, stream of consciousness poetry, allegory, and historical fiction. Structural characteristics of the ASL platform narrative and the written English essay are compared and contrasted. Emphasis is on the production and comprehension of academic ASL. Prerequisites: ASL 401 or concurrent, or permission, rating of 2 or better on the ASLA or ASLPI, and LIN 203 (or concurrent). Offered once a year, semester varies, sometimes summer. Cr 3.

ASL 416 ASL Linguistics in ASL
This course focuses on advanced aspects of ASL grammar including complex co-reference, the scope of non-manual grammatical markers, quantification, complex classifier choice, verbs of motion and location, and complex aspectual marking and agreement. Students receive diagnostic feedback throughout the course and are given specific remedial studies to pursue independently. Emphasis is on the production and comprehension of academic ASL. Prerequisites: ASL 401 or concurrent, rating of 2 or better on the ASLA or ASLPI, LIN 105, and LIN 185; or permission (for students with native-level competency in ASL). Offered every fall. Cr 3.

ASL 417 Deaf Art, Film, and Theatre in ASL
This course will examine Deaf culture as expressed in art, film, and theatre. Selections of Deaf art, film, and theatre from the 1900s to the present based on the Deaf experience will be discussed in the context of social and cultural history. The course will be taught in ASL. Emphasis is on the production and comprehension of academic ASL. Prerequisites: ASL 401 or permission, rating of 2 or better on the ASLA or ASLPI, and LIN 203 or concurrent. Offered once a year, semester varies, sometimes summer. Cr 3.

Arabic Courses (back to Language Courses)

ARA 101 Beginning Arabic I
This beginner's course in Arabic stresses the acquisition of cultural information and introduces students to the four skills of language learning: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Offered every fall. Cr 4.

ARA 102 Beginning Arabic II
Continuation of ARA 101. Prerequisite: ARA 101 or equivalent. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

ARA 201 Intermediate Arabic I
Review of grammatical structures with further development of listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing skills. The emphasis will be on understanding cultures and contemporary life of Arabic-speaking countries through reading and discussion. Prerequisite: ARA 102 or equivalent. Offered every fall. Cr 4.

ARA 202 Intermediate Arabic II
Continuation of ARA 201. Prerequisite: ARA 201 or equivalent. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

 

Chinese Courses (back to Language Courses)

CHI 101 Beginning Chinese I
This is a beginning level Chinese language course. The course will cover reading, writing, speaking, and listening comprehension. Offered every fall and spring. Cr 4.

CHI 102 Beginning Chinese II
A continuation of CHI 101.  The course will develop the student's writing, speaking, and listening comprehension skills.  Prerequisite: CHI 101 or equivalent. Offered fall and spring. Cr 4.

 

French Courses (back to Language Courses)

FRE 101 Beginning French I
This beginner's course in French stresses the acquisition of cultural information and introduces the student to the four skills of language learning: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Offered every fall. Cr 4.

FRE 102 Beginning French II
Continuation of FRE 101. Prerequisite: FRE 101 or equivalent. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

FRE 201 Intermediate French I
Review of grammatical structures with further development of listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing skills. The emphasis will be on understanding cultures and contemporary life of French-speaking countries through reading and discussion. Prerequisite: FRE 102 or equivalent. Offered every fall. Cr 4.

FRE 202 Intermediate French II
Continuation of FRE 201. Prerequisite: FRE 201 or equivalent. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

FRE 300 Conversational French
This course is a bridge between basic language proficiency and more advanced levels. Although other skills may be practiced, the emphasis is on speaking and listening, and students will work to build the necessary fluency, vocabulary, and strategies to do so. Prerequisite: FRE 202 or equivalent. Offered every spring. Cr 3.

FRE 301 Practical French I
Students will practice effective listening, reading, speaking, and writing skills in French using a communicative approach. Students who have successfully completed the course will demonstrate emergent communication and critical thinking in the target language. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FRE 202 or equivalent. Offered every fall. Cr 4.

FRE 302 Practical French II
This course is a continuation of FRE 301. Students will practice effective listening, reading, speaking, and writing skills in French using a communicative approach. Students who have successfully completed the course will demonstrate intermediate or advanced communication and critical thinking in the target language. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FRE 301 or equivalent. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

FRE 416 The Linguistic Structure of French
This course focuses on where French fits into the typological classification of the world’s languages. This course primarily covers morphological and syntactic typology, surveying the type of patterns that are found across languages of the world. Assignments will focus on the structure of French, with some comparison across French dialects and with other Romance languages. Prerequisites: FRE 202, LIN 312, LIN 313, or concurrent. Offered every two years in spring. Cr 3.

 

German Courses (back to Language Courses)

GER 101 Beginning German I
This beginner's course in German stresses the acquisition of cultural information and introduces the student to the four skills of language learning: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Offered every fall. Cr 4.

GER 102 Beginning German II
Continuation of GER 101. Prerequisite: GER 101 or equivalent. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

GER 201 Intermediate German I
Review of grammar. Further development of listening comprehension, speaking and reading skills. Emphasis on understanding German culture and contemporary life through reading and discussion of short stories, articles and essays. Prerequisite: GER 102 or equivalent. Offered every fall. Cr 4.

GER 202 Intermediate German II
Continuation of GER 201. Prerequisite: GER 201 or equivalent. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

Italian Courses (back to Language Courses)

ITA 101 Beginning Italian I
A beginning course in Italian in the four skills of language learning: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Offered every fall. Cr 4.

ITA 102 Beginning Italian II
Continuation of ITA 101. Prerequisite: ITA 101 or equivalent. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

 

Latin Courses (back to Language Courses)

LAT 101 Beginning Latin I
Fundamentals of classical Latin. Emphasis upon acquisition of reading knowledge. Cr 4.

LAT 102 Beginning Latin II
Continuation of LAT 101. Prerequisite: LAT 101 or equivalent. Cr 4.

 

Spanish Courses (back to Language Courses)

SPA 101 Beginning Spanish I
A beginning course in Spanish in the four skills of language learning: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. In addition, audio-visual work is required. Offered every fall. Cr 4.

SPA 102 Beginning Spanish II
Continuation of SPA 101. Prerequisite: SPA 101 or equivalent. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

SPA 201 Intermediate Spanish I
Review of grammatical structures. Further development of listening comprehension, speaking, reading and writing skills. Continued emphasis on understanding of Hispanic culture and civilization through reading and discussion of literary and historical texts as well as frequent reference to contemporary customs and events. Prerequisite: SPA 102 or equivalent. Offered every fall. Cr 4.

SPA 202 Intermediate Spanish II
Continuation of SPA 201. Prerequisite: SPA 201 or equivalent. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

SPA 300 Conversational Spanish
This course is a bridge between basic language proficiency and more advanced levels. Although other skills may be practiced, the emphasis is on speaking and listening, and students will work to build the necessary fluency, vocabulary, and strategies to do so. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or equivalent. Offered every spring. Cr 3.

SPA 301 Practical Spanish I
Students will practice effective listening, reading, speaking, and writing skills in Spanish using a communicative approach. Students who have successfully completed the course will demonstrate emergent communication and critical thinking in the target language. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or equivalent. Offered every fall. Cr 4.

SPA 302 Practical Spanish II
This course is a continuation of SPA 301. Students will practice effective listening, reading, speaking, and writing skills in Spanish using a communicative approach. Students who have successfully completed the course will demonstrate intermediate or advanced communication and critical thinking in the target language. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPA 301 or equivalent. Offered every spring. Cr 4.

SPA 416 The Linguistic Structure of Spanish
This course focuses on where Spanish fits in in the typological classification of the world’s languages. This course primarily covers morphological and syntactic typology, surveying the type of patterns that are found across languages of the world. Assignments will focus on the structure of Spanish, with some comparison across Spanish dialects and with other Romance languages. Prerequisites: SPA 202, LIN 312, LIN 313, or concurrent. Offered every two years in spring. Cr 3.