Muskie School of Public Service

Muskie Courses

(Please note that not all courses are taught each semester. Please connect with your advisor or check MaineStreet for the most recent course schedule)

Geography-Anthropology Courses

GYA 210 Perspectives on Environment, Society, and Culture Since 1750
Geography and Anthropology evolved together to understand and explain the complex relationships humans have with their environments. They have common conceptual foundations, common institutional frameworks, and parallel internal divisions. At the same time, they are marked by significant differences in their respective implementation of general concepts. By comparing and contrasting the histories of the two disciplines, we seek to come to a better understanding of what it means to be geographers and anthropologists. Prerequisite: One introductory course in Geography (GEO 101 or GEO 102) and one introductory course in Anthropology (ANT 101 or ANT 103) and sophomore standing. Cr 3.

GYA 215 Culture and Place
This course provides an introduction to the ways in which basic principles of ethnography, ethnohistory, and material culture studies can be used to understand the cultural landscape. Normally offered during either the Winter Session or the Summer Session, the course will usually be conducted in a setting outside Maine. The emphasis will be on collaborative research skills, understanding of other cultures, and appreciation of the interrelationship of anthropology and geography.
Cr. 4-6.

GYA 300 Archaeology Field School
The summer field school is designed to combine training in research methods of archaeology and geography. Students will receive intensive training in methods of site survey excavation and materials analysis. Several weeks will be spent at selected areas of coastal Maine involved in survey and excavation of sites, mapping sites and landscape features, and investigating potential food resources in site areas. This will be followed by some laboratory analysis of recovered materials. This course may be repeated twice with the permission of the instructor. Cr 4-6.

GEO/GEY 360 Field Mapping in the Island Environment: Data Collection to GIS
The coast of Maine provides a unique laboratory for teaching environmental mapping, data compilation, and data management. In this course students are trained and equipped to use kayaks as the platform from which to conduct survey work for the preparation of small-scale high-resolution analytical maps of natural, historical, and archaeological phenomena. Field techniques used include topographic surveying, global positioning system (GPS) operation, and field mapping of geological and geographical features. Minimum impact methods are used throughout. Laboratory techniques used include air-photo interpretation, traditional cartography, and geographic information system (GIS) operation. The course culminates in the completion of a portfolio of maps and a GIS database covering the area surveyed. This course may be repeated once for credit. Offered Summer Session only. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Cr 6.

GYA 350-351 Internship in Applied Geography-Anthropology
Internships offer the student practical experience in working with public agencies, private firms, and municipalities engaged in applied geographical-anthropological activities including, but not limited to, planning, transportation, delivery of human services, and natural resources. A written contract will be drawn up by advisor and student for each internship, specifying the number of credits sought and work required for these credits. As a general rule, internships will require at least eight hours of actual work per week. Interns will be expected to meet at least once every two weeks with instructor to discuss experiences and/or problems. In addition, a major paper will be required from each student intern discussing an aspect of the internship or the work performed during the internship. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing in geography-anthropology and permission of instructor. Offered pass/fail only. Cr 1-6.

GYA 400 Independent Study in Anthropology or Geography
The Department faculty offers independent study in a topic in anthropology or geography for upper-level students (junior and senior status). Students must have had at least one course from the faculty member supervising the independent study; the proposal is subject to departmental approval. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Variable credits will be offered.

ANT 101 Anthropology: The Cultural View
This course is a basic introductory survey of cultural anthropology. It examines the differences between cultures as well as cultural universals, and the relationship between social organization, ideology, economics, and political structure in different types of societies. It reviews the various theoretical approaches in cultural anthropology's attempt to explain human behavior, presenting examples from foraging, farming, and contemporary industrial societies through readings and films. Cr 3.

ANT 102 Biological Anthropology
This course examines our place in nature; the relationship between human biology and culture; the relevance of primate behavior and human evolution to understanding contemporary human society; human biological adaptations, including a discussion of population and nutrition; and contemporary human variation with an evaluation of the concept of race. The course includes a required 2-hour lab each week that provides practical experience with materials and research methods used by biological anthropologists. Cr 4.

ANT 103 Introduction to Archaeology
This course describes the methods and theories used by modern archaeologists to uncover information about past human life ways. Attention is given to techniques of survey and excavation of archaeological materials; concepts of space and time in archaeology; and detailed analysis of artifacts and organic residues. Some attention will be given to specific topics such as the archaeology of New England and the Caribbean. Cr 3.

ANT 201 Human Origins
This course focuses on the fossil and cultural evidence for human evolution. Topics to be covered include evolutionary theory, primate behavior, hominid origins, the taxonomy and phylogenetic relationships of fossil hominids, Pleistocene cultural adaptations, and the origin of modern Homo sapiens. The relationship between biology, geography, and culture is explored using the skeletal and archaeological evidence for human evolution. Cr 3.

ANT 202 Origins of Civilization
This course traces the evolution of human culture from the origins of farming and domestication, to the development of complex societies. General processes of urbanization and social stratification will be investigated, and examples will be drawn from throughout the Old and New Worlds, including the classical civilizations of the Near East, Southeast Asia, Mexico, and Peru. Cr 3.

ANT 213 Human Ecology
This course examines interactions between human societies and their natural environments. Human adaptation is viewed as a problem-solving process, involving the development of strategies for maximizing energy efficiency and reproductive success, for warding off environmental stress, and for reducing conflicts. These management strategies are examined for a number of human societies, and are used to gain insight into modern decision-making processes. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or 102. Cr 3.

ANT 220 Indigenous Studies of North America
This course combines an ethnographic and archaeological perspective on the culture history and traditional cultures of native North Americans. Emphasis is placed on the relationship of aboriginal native cultures to their environments, and the evolution of complex societies in certain regions of North America. Also included is discussion of the fragmentation of indigenous societies that followed the European invasion of North America. Cr 3.

ANT 222 Peoples of the North
This course is designed as a comprehensive summary of the prehistory, traditional culture, and contemporary life ways of peoples living in the northern hemispheres of both the Old and New Worlds–from Maine to Alaska, and from Siberia to Lapland. Special attention will be given to the origins of these peoples; the problems of living in cold, northern environments; the effects of European contact; and the modern problems that they face ranging from the effects of urbanization to land claim disputes. Prerequisite: ANT 101 or 103 or permission of instructor. Cr 3.

ANT 232 The Anthropology of Sex and Gender
Sex and gender are, respectively, biological realities and cultural constructs. This course will examine the anthropology of sex and gender in an evolutionary-biological and cross-cultural perspective. The course is organized to explore the issues of sex and gender in three of the major subfields of anthropology: archaeology and biological and cultural anthropology. Topics will include bias in science, the biology and evolution of sex differences, sex-linked behaviors, nonhuman primates, human evolution and the division of labor, and sex roles in different kinds of human societies. Cr 3.

ANT 233 Food and Culture
This course focuses on food as an essential and central part of human experience. We will examine the anthropology of food and food habits, including an evolutionary-ecological perspective, the reconstruction of past human diets from archaeological evidence, and a cross-cultural examination of the diversity of human food preferences and avoidances. An important goal of the course will be to try to understand and appreciate cultural differences in food habits from both an ecological and a societal point of view. Cr 3.

ANT 241 Tourism and Community Development
Explores relationships between tourism, economic development, and communities. Topics include strategic planning, community participation, marketing and promotion, and conflict resolution. Case studies from Maine and beyond examine positive and negative aspects of linking community development to tourism and hospitality. Required for the Minor in Tourism and Community Development. Prerequisite: EYE. Cr. 3.

ANT 250 Archaeology of South America
This course is designed as a comprehensive summary of prehistoric cultures and paleo-environmental conditions of South America. Emphasis is placed on the evolution of complex societies in the Andean and Pacific coast regions. Also included is a discussion of European contact and interaction with the Inka State. Cr 3.

ANT 255 Cultures of Africa
Africa is a vast continent rich in cultural diversity. This course will explore a variety of African people and cultures south of the Sahara. Students will read ethnographic case studies about small-scale communities that focus on interrelated issues such as music, religion, politics, economics, geography, ethnicity, and gender. The course will consider the effects of colonial periods on indigenous populations but will emphasize post-independence Africans. Students will learn to challenge negative Western representations of Africa by focusing on the power and perseverance of African people and their cultures.  Cr. 3.

ANT 261 Introduction to Cultural Tourism
This course explores cultural tourism, including how arts, crafts, local heritage, and history can be incorporated into tourism planning and development. Topics include the meaning, value, and potential tourism roles of historical sites, festivals and events, arts and artisans, archaeological and cultural heritage sites, and museums and educational institutions. Cr. 3.

ANT 302 Medical Anthropology
This course considers the interface between medicine and anthropology in terms of both human biology and society. The course develops concepts of health as effective adaptation to environmental stresses, including infectious disease, nutritional stress, and psychosomatic illness, among others. It traces the history of health and disease in human society from hunter-gatherers to modern urban, industrial communities, and examines the way in which human populations have attempted to deal with various agents of disease. The course examines the diversity of human theories of disease causation and explores the role of modern medicine in effective health care delivery to persons of different cultural and ethnic backgrounds. Prerequisite: ANT 101, 102 or permission of instructor. Cr 3.

ANT 306 Analysis of Archaeological Materials
This course provides an opportunity for in-depth study of methods used in the analysis of archaeological materials after they are recovered from excavations. Students will work in teams to apply analytical techniques to archaeological site collections including ceramics; stone, bone, and shell artifacts; and archaeological soils and faunal remains. Credit will vary with the range of techniques covered in a particular semester. Prerequisite: ANT 103. Cr 3-6.

ANT 307 Specialized Techniques in Archaeology
This course provides experience in the application of specific techniques from allied science disciplines to research problems in archaeology. Specific topics and course title may vary. May be repeated for credit under different titles. Prerequisite: GYA 300 or ANT 306 or permission of the instructor. Cr 1-2.

ANT 308/ANT 508 Environmental Archaeology
Students will be introduced to the analytical techniques that are commonly used in the archaeological study of past environments and environmental change. Topics to be covered include archaeological soils, preservation conditions, the reconstruction of past climates and landforms, and the analysis of plant and animal communities from archaeological evidence. In semesters when this course carries more than three credits, requirements will include a substantial research project. Prerequisite: junior status, and ANT 103 or GYA 300. Cr 3-6.

ANT 310 History of Anthropological Thought
This course is a historical survey of theory in anthropology from the early classical evolutionists to contemporary materialist and idealist approaches. It will examine the various theories in terms of their level of analysis, explanatory value, and relationship to the western society from which they emerged. This course is a requirement for those concentrating in anthropology. Prerequisites: ANT 101 and either ANT 102 or ANT 103. Cr 3.

ANT 315/ANT 515 Ethnography: Methods, Ethics, and Practice
This course offers students an overview of the methods of ethnographic observation and analysis, and of the ethical considerations of conducting such research. Students will be required to carry out ethnographic fieldwork, employing appropriate methods of data collection and analysis. Credit will vary depending on the scope of the fieldwork project, as determined by the instructor. Prerequisites: ANT 101 and one ethnography course or ANT 310. Cr 3-6.

ANT 355/ANT 555 Public Interpretation in Anthropology
Interpretation of anthropological information for the public using video, audio, photos, and other digital media. Students will work individually or in teams to create products for museums, schools, online, or in other public venues. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Cr 3.

ANT 360/ANT 560 Public Archaeology
This course introduces students to the interpretation of archaeological information for the public benefit. Topics to be covered include museum exhibits, collection management, federal and state legislation, ethics, site conservation database management, and GIS. Students will work in teams to produce a finished product for presentation during Archaeology Awareness Week. The course includes prehistoric excavation and a trip to two museums. Credit varies with specific substantial topics and project breadth. Prerequisite: ANT 103. Cr 2-6.

ANT 450 Topics in Anthropology
This course is designed to undertake detailed, in-depth analysis of important topics and issues in such subfields of anthropology as sociocultural anthropology, biological anthropology and archaeology. Topics vary from semester to semester. Research papers are required. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor. Cr 3.

GEO 101 Human Geography
This course examines social, economic, and political processes that shape the contemporary global landscape, with particular emphasis on the relationships between developed and developing regions of the world. Cartography, population trends, agricultural systems, migration, urbanization, and industrialization are among the topics covered. Cr 3.

GEO 102 Physical Geography
This course examines the physical processes of the environment as they relate to human endeavors. Climate, soil, vegetation, land form, water, and mineral resources are among the topics covered. Laboratory exercises acquaint the student with the materials and methods of physical geography. Climate data, topographic maps and field observations are employed to solve practical problems of human interaction with the environment. Cr 4.

GEO 103 Human-Environmental Geography
Using geographic perspectives, this course focuses on the changing nature of the earth's environment and the human role in these changes. Both direct and indirect human impacts on the biosphere, the atmosphere, and the hydrosphere are considered, including tropical deforestation and the loss of biodiversity, the human role in global climate change, and the impact of human actions on world fisheries. Local and regional examples will be incorporated. Cr 3.

GEO 104 World Regional Geography
This course will familiarize students with the diversity of people and places in the world by examining the physical, political, and cultural geography of different regions of the world. Emphasis will be given to development of regions within a global framework. This course will add to the general education of students by developing their geographic skills and by enhancing their geographic awareness and knowledge of the world through various aspects of global diversity. Cr 3.

GEO 108 Introduction to ArcGIS
An introduction to the ArcGIS software, stressing basic operation of this popular GIS package. Topics covered include system navigation, data display, data download, and printing public domain and user-created geographical data sets. Cr 3.

GEO 120 Geography of Maine
This course will examine Maine as a geographic region. Physical and cultural attributes of the state will be analyzed. Political, economic and demographic factors will be emphasized in viewing the assets and problems of the Maine environment and in planning Maine's future. Cr 3.

GEO 203 Urban and Regional Development
Students will survey contemporary patterns of urban and regional development through comparative analysis. Students will examine links between urbanization, employment, and social welfare in different political and economic contexts as the course moves from the global scale to the local. Students will be introduced to a series of research skills including the use of computer databases and spreadsheet programs, many of which will be of use in other courses. Cr 3.

GEO 207 Map History: Making Sense of the World
An international and interdisciplinary history of maps and spatial knowledge, this course uses the rare collections of USM’s Osher Map Library and online resources to explore the many ways in which different cultures and societies have made and used maps to variously comprehend, imagine, organize, control, and change the world and its parts. Cr 3.

GEO 208 Cartography I
This is an introductory course in cartography focused on developing basic mapping and graphic communication skills essential to a wide variety of disciplines. The course will be flexible and adjusted to individual needs. Familiarization with basic charting technology and cartographic tools will be included. Cr 3.

GEO 209 Introduction to Land Use Planning
This course offers an overview of human/land relationships as they influence contemporary patterns of settlement and use of the land. It will discuss the logic of a planning process as a method of decision making; the formulation of goals and evaluation of alternative courses of action; standards and requirements for specific planning objectives (such as land use, energy, recreation, transportation); and the place of the planning function in government and the role of citizens and private groups. Introduction to basic planning tools and techniques including PERT, aerial photography, and methods of land inventory and classification will be presented. Cr 3.

GEO 210 Planning Maine Communities: Current Issues and Directions
This course will examine the issues facing Maine communities such as providing affordable housing, maintaining and improving the community's physical facilities such as streets, sewers, playgrounds, etc., disposing of solid and hazardous wastes, stimulating jobs and economic development, providing adequate transportation facilities, and preserving Maine's environment and lifestyle in the face of growth. It will also address how these issues can be addressed through the use of the planning process and sound planning techniques. Cr 3.

GEO 255 Making a Living: Workers in a Global Economy
Our daily experiences shape and are shaped by changing economic landscapes through our patterns of work, consumption, and leisure. The course addresses the prospects and challenges for making a living in a global economy. We will examine a variety of perspectives on work, both paid and unpaid. We will pay particular attention to the connection of workers between and across places. The course discusses both new and old geographical divisions of labor and the restructuring of work and workplaces at the international, regional, local and household scales. Prerequisites: EYE. Cr 3.

GEO 285 Global Environmental Issues and Sustainability
An overview of global environmental problems and employing a sustainability framework to provide long-term solutions.  Global climate change, landscape transformation, rural and urban sustainability are considered.  Emphasis is placed on understanding the interplay of natural-social systems in shaping environmental issues. Students use an integrated sustainability approach to tackle environmental problems. Cr. 3.

GEO 302 Gender, Work, and Space
Students will examine the ways in which the workforce is divided by gender, race, class, and ethnicity and how location and space shape and sustain such divisions. Competing explanations for why women and minorities hold jobs that differ distinctly from jobs held by other workers will be examined. Students will learn how a geographic understanding of gender, race, ethnicity, and class can help explain more fully the current position of women in the economy. Cr 3.

GEO 303/GEO 503 Economic Geography
This course examines the intersection between economies and geography. Emphasis is placed on the social, cultural, and political contexts within which economies develop and are regulated and restructured. Students are introduced to the skills which allow them to interpret and understand the present economic landscapes and to evaluate the factors and trends that anticipate the future. Prerequisites: one of the following: ANT 101, GEO 101, GEO 203, ECO 101, ECO 102, or permission of instructor. Cr 3.

GEO 305/GEO 505/GEO 605 Remote Sensing
Theory and techniques of image processing and analysis for remotely sensed digital data acquired from airplane and satellite platforms. Topics include image enhancement and classifications, spectral analysis, and landscape change detection techniques. Practical applications of natural and built landscapes are considered using remotely sensed datasets and techniques. Cr 3.

GEO 308/GEO 508/GEO 608 GIS Applications I
Students are introduced to vector-based geographical information systems (GIS). Topics include overviews of geospatial technologies, spatial analysis, GIS data, system operation, the interpretation of results, and professional practices. The course comprises a weekly lecture and laboratory. Students are evaluated with tests, laboratory assignments, and on the basis of a substantial project. Cr 4.

GEO 320/GEO 520 Conservation of Natural Resources
This course examines the geographical approaches to natural resource use and management. It will offer the study of the geographic distribution and physical attributes of natural resources, their role in economic development, and the socio-political factors governing decision making about their use. Management strategies for forests, soils, wetlands, and energy resources are assessed. Recommended prerequisites: GEO 101, GEO 102, or GEO 103. Cr 3.

GEO 340/GEY 340 Digital Mapping
Students are exposed to the latest digital survey gear and integrated techniques with applications in geoscience, geography, and environmental science. Instrumentation includes both static and real-time kinematic GPS (global positioning system) and autolock servo-driven electronic total station. Detailed precision survey data are combined with geo-referenced maps and imagery in GIS software. Prerequisites: introductory course in GEY, GEO, or ESP, and additional 200-level course in any of the above areas. Cr 4.

GEO 350/GEO 550 Geography of International Development
A critical examination of theories and approaches to the study of development. Historical and contemporary perspectives will help examine the role of states, international institutions, and civil society in the development process. Examples from selected countries and regions across the world demonstrate issues facing developing countries. Recommended prerequisites: GEO 101, GEO 103, GEO 104, or ANT 101. Cr 3.

GEO 402/GEO 502 Urban Geography
This course examines the underlying social, economic, cultural, and political processes that have created and continue to shape the North American urban landscape. The course will combine readings, lectures, discussion, and fieldwork to explore various themes in urban geography. Topics may include industrialization, immigration, residential segregation, housing, economic development, sustainable growth, urban ecology, and planning policy. Prerequisite: GEO 101, GEO 203, or permission of instructor. Cr 3-6.

GEO 408/GEO 518/GEO 618 GIS Applications II
Students explore the use of geographical information systems (GIS) in research and professional environments. Building upon knowledge and skills developed in GEO 308, students design and execute a substantial project. Project design focuses on generating hypotheses, planning time lines and individual work assignments, and identifying technical and data resources. Projected execution is undertaken using a variety of raster, vector, and graphical user interface (GUI) software, as appropriate. Prerequisite: GEO 308 or permission of instructor. Cr 4.

GEO 438/GEO 538/GEO 638 Independent Study in GIS
Students will work closely with a faculty member to develop and complete a course of study in a specialized aspect of GIS or remote sensing. Variable credits will be offered. Prerequisite: GEO 308 or instructor permission and program approval. Cr 1-3.

GEO 448/GEO 648 GIS Internship
Students work with a public agency, private firm, municipality, nonprofit organization, or research unit, using geospatial technology to complete a clearly defined project under the direct supervision of an on-site professional. A USM faculty advisor who is directly involved with USM GIS oversees the internship. At the course's conclusion, students submit a portfolio including a log, samples of the work completed, and an evaluation from the on-site supervisor. Prerequisite: GEO 308, or instructor permission and program approval. Cr 1-3.

GEO 450 Topics in Geography
This course provides in-depth analysis of relevant topics from the perspective of an economic, political, cultural, regional or other focused approach to geographic study. The topics vary depending upon current issues of significance and the special background of the instructor. Research papers are required. Prerequisite: permission of Department. Cr 3.

GEO 455/GEO 555 Gender, 'Race' and Class in the City
This course will focus on the relationships among gender, "race," class and urban spaces in twentieth century U.S. cities. The course will explore how urban spaces reflect and perpetuate different relations of power, inequality, and identity. First, we explore how different frameworks for urban analysis help to explain the social and spatial organization of U.S. cities. We will develop a framework for urban analysis that integrates race, class, and gender, and draws upon the geographic concepts of place and scale. Second, we will apply our integrated framework to contemporary metropolitan processes and problems. Prerequisite: one of the following: GEO 302 or permission of instructor. Cr 3.

GEO 458/GEO 658 Research Applications in GIS
An advanced workshop in geographical information systems (GIS) in which students undertake an original research project. The objective of the course is to generate a product which meets professional standards for publication or presentation at a professional meeting, allowing students to build resumes and gain exposure to a professional audience. Prerequisite: GEO 408. Cr 3.

GEO 481/581 Megacities and Global Planning Issues
This course provides an overview of the interactive factors that shape the socio-economic and physical structures of megacities around the world. Students will examine the processes that influence urbanization and gain an understanding of the contemporary state of the world’s cities, with a particular focus on megacities. Students will be exposed to issues confronted by citizens, policy makers, and planners in those megacities. The course is organized geographically and will focus on selected megacities in Latin America, Africa, Asia, in addition to Europe, and the United States. Cr. 3

Community Planning and Development Courses

CPD 501 Planning Theory and History
This course introduces students to basic elements of planning theory and history. Other topics covered include planning in a diverse society and an introduction to ethical issues facing planners. Cr 3.

CPD 502 Sustainable Communities
CPD 502 is designed for students who have previously been exposed to planning history and theory (CPD 501 or its equivalent). Its purpose is to introduce the student to one current approach to community planning, known as sustainable communities, which embraces a holistic approach to community development as a goal to be pursued in the complex interplay among natural, economic, and social systems. The course aims to establish command of the basic concepts, principles, policies, and obstacles associated with sustainable development, sustainable communities, and, as a practical example, smart growth. Prerequisite: Cr 3.

CPD 505 Elements of Plan Making
The course focuses on the foundations of planning primarily at the regional, local, and neighborhood levels. It covers the legal and political foundations of plan making, including an introduction to planning and zoning law; the architecture of plans; and themes around the integration of planning elements, such as transportation/land use and urban form/classical zoning. Cr 3.

CPD 515 Citizen Involvement and Dispute Resolution in Planning
Introduces students to the processes of conflict resolution, stakeholder involvement, communication with non-technical audiences, and styles of leadership that are essential to effective adoption and implementation of plans. Cr 3.

CPD 552 Introduction to Community Development
An investigation of the nature and role of community development activities as a strategy to increase the assets a community has at its disposal to solve problems. Examines both local government and not-for-profit sector organizations for community development with a focus on public/private partnerships and community development corporations as major vehicles for contemporary community development efforts, as well as the continuing role of the federal Community Development Block Grant program. Cr 3.

CPD 581 Global Planning Issues: Megacities and Megacity Regions
This course provides an overview of the interactive factors that shape the socio-economic and physical structures of megacities around the world. Students will examine the processes that influence urbanization and gain an understanding of the contemporary state of the world’s cities, with a particular focus on megacities. Students will be exposed to issues confronted by citizens, policy makers and planners in those megacities. The course is organized geographically and will focus on selected megacities in Latin America, Africa, Asia, in addition to Europe and the United States. Cr 3.

CPD 603 Planning Workshop
This course will center on one or more group projects in planning and/or economic development. It will focus on getting students to be able to design, research, produce, and communicate professional-level projects during one semester, and is intended to serve as the foundation for the capstone. Cr 3.

CPD 616 Planning Law
This course will cover the procedures and practices employed in the implementation of land use plans, programs, and policies, including zoning,subdivision regulations, site plan review procedures, and official mapping. The course covers the use of nonregulatory methods of implementation such as tax incentives, capital planning and budgeting, special assessment districts, and tax increment financing. Cr 3.

CPD 622 Introduction to Arc/GIS
An introduction to the ArcGIS program, a Windows-based Geographic Information Systems program. Covers beginning and intermediate uses of the program. Cr 3.

CPD 625 Community Planning Analysis and Land Use Modeling
Introduction to estimating and projecting the demand for land, housing, and public space for long-range land use planning; developing future growth scenarios at the town and regional scale; and using GIS tools such as buildout calculators and planning support systems to organize and visualize these analyses. Prerequisite: GIS experience equivalent to CPD 622 and CPD 505, or instructor permission. Cr 3.

CPD 659 Topics in Growth Management
This class will cover current and emerging issues in Growth Management. Cr. 3.

CPD 660 Studio in Comprehensive Planning
This course will examine the methods and techniques of preparing small-area and community land use plans, through a community based project in which students work with a designated community to prepare part or all of a comprehensive paln. Prerequisite: CPD 505 or instructor permission. Cr 3.

CPD 661 The Site Planning Process
This course will provide an introduction to environmental planning and assessment concepts and skills associated with the development of sites for human use. Emphasis is given to the development of particular tracts or parcels of land in Maine.  Cr 3.

CPD 664 Principles of Town Design
This course addresses a range of community design and site design issues at the local level. It requires a student to become familiar with literature on town design, conduct field observations and measurements, perform limited land use ordinance research, and communicate design observations and ideas in writing, through drawing, by using photographs, newspaper research, as well as in class discussions. Cr 3.

CPD 665 Transportation Planning
The basic elements of transportation planning and engineering and the relationship between transportation planning and land use will be examined throughout this course. Cr 3.

CPD 667 Housing and Real Estate
This course provides an introduction to major economic, social, and historical factors affecting the development of the housing marketplace and the interplay between these factors and land use planning. Cr 3.

CPD 668 Local Environmental Planning
This course provides an in-depth look at several contemporary environmental protection issues and planning responses pursued by local governments and their community-based partners. Selected scientific and technical aspects of environmental protection are introduced for laypersons, with a focus on landscape ecology and water quality issues and their other applications to biodiversity, watersheds, and growth management. Prerequisite:  CPD 505 or CPD 616 or CPD 601.  Cr 3.

CPD 669 Historic Preservation through Growth Management
This course examines the policy foundations for preservation of historic landmarks, buildings, districts, and other cultural resources, including elements of preservation-planning for rural and urban areas. It also provides students the opportunity to identify and evaluate historic, cultural, and natural resources in the comprehensive planning process. Cr 3.

CPD 670 Growth Management Workshop
Growth Management refers to the legal and political arrangements through which state, local, and regional governments share authority and responsibilities for shaping overall patterns of development. This course provides background on the history, principles, and track record of growth management in the United States. Through a semester-long workshop format, students will have hands-on opportunities to learn how state and local governments in Maine interact under Maine's Growth Management Program. Prerequisite: CPD 660 and CPD 661 or CPD 664. Cr 3.

CPD 672 Food Planning and Policy
This course is designed to build knowledge of the food system, how it functions and t interacts–or could–with planning and public policy. The intent of the course is to familiarize students with basic issues in the production, distribution, marketing, and disposal of food, especially with regard to those elements that can be influenced by civic action and public regulation. The course is a seminar and will develop and challenge students’ thinking through readings and structured discussions. Students should have an increased understanding of food systems as a planning and community development topic, the forces shaping food systems, dimensions of conventional and alternative models, and their own relationship and choices with regard to the contemporary American food system. Cr 3.

CPD 676 Energy Policy and Planning
This class will introduce the field of energy systems policy and planning with a view to providing students the background in energy issues, law, economics, and politics to effectively plan for energy use and production at the regional and local levels. The course will cover the history of energy use in industrial economies, competition between renewable and nonrenewable energy sources and between increased supply and reduced demand as the paths to energy futures. Particular attention will be focused on state and local aspects of energy policy, including energy facility siting and electricity market regulation. The course will also cover the evolution of energy supply and conservation technologies and their potential impacts in transportation and the built environments. (Cr 3)

CPD 695 Independent Study Prerequisite: instructor permission. Cr 3.

CPD 696 Field Experience
Internship in a planning or development agency. Students without significant professional experience in the planning or development field will complete a field experience. Students should consult their advisor or the program chair early in their career to assess the need for a field experience and identify suitable options for filling this requirement. Students with sufficient professional experience (generally six months or more in a responsible position in a planning or development agency) may have this requirement waived. Prerequisite: instructor permission.  Cr 0.

CPD 699 Capstone
Students will complete an individual or appropriate team project resulting in a paper that demonstrates competence to undertake professional planning work and an integrative understanding of the elements of the CPD curriculum. The capstone is completed under the supervision of a faculty advisor. The student must present a prospectus of the project to their advisor, complete a written report, and make an oral presentation of the results of the project. Prerequisite: CPD 603 or instructor permission. Cr 3.

Public Health Courses

MPH 400/500 Introduction to Public Health
This course provides an overview of the public health system and examines the purpose, history, organization, approach, functions and determinants of health. The course places special emphasis on current health issues from our daily lives to highlight the relevance of public health. Trends, successes and challenges from a population perspective will be discussed as well as various tools and techniques used to address public health issues. Cr 3.

MPH 425/525 American Health System
American Health System introduces students to the organization, financing, and management of the American healthcare and public health systems, and the dynamic changes that are affecting health organizations as a result of market-based and policy forces. Students develop an understanding of: (1) the key components of healthcare and public health, (2) how organizations and systems are financed, regulated, and managed in a dynamic market and policy environment, (3) the changing role of population health and public health systems, and (4) the efficiency, effectiveness and equity of health services.  Cr 3.

MPH 535 Introduction to Epidemiological Research
This course is intended to give students a basic foundation in principles for the conduct and interpretation of population-based studies of the distribution, etiology, and control of disease. Topics include randomized experiments, non-randomized cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional and ecological studies, screening of health populations, measures of effect, causal inference, sources of bias, and problems of measurement. Recent publications from the epidemiologic and general medical literature will be used to illustrate the application of the concepts to specific epidemiologic issues and to develop skills in interpreting quantitative information.  Cr 3.

MPH 539 Topics in Public Health I
This course (offered only periodically) will examine various selected topics in public health. Cr 3.

MPH 545 Applied Biostatistical Analysis
This course is intended to give students a working understanding of the major types of biostatistical analysis used in public health, laboratory sciences, and clinical research. Topics include point and interval estimation, application of the binomial and Poisson distributions, hypothesis testing, cross-tabulations and stratified analysis, comparison of rates and means, multiple linear regression, logistic regression, and the Cox proportional hazards model. The course is designed primarily for students with little formal training in biostatistics, but may also prove valuable to other students who desire a course providing an integrated approach to diverse biostatistical techniques within an applied framework. Students learn to interpret results produced from standard statistical software packages.  Cr 3.

MPH 555 Environmental Health
This course provides students with an extensive introduction to scientific approaches to the investigation and modification of the effects of environmental factors on human health. Contributions of the fields of toxicology and epidemiology and the implications of research findings for policy and regulation are examined. Topic areas include toxic metals, pesticides and other organic chemicals, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, vector-borne diseases, pollution of air and water, occupational exposures, injuries, and the health effects of global warming. The roles of local, state, and federal governments in environmental health are critically evaluated, as are initiatives by non- governmental organizations.  Cr 3.

MPH 565 Social and Behavioral Health
The goal of this course is to provide students with an overview of the social and behavioral determinants of health including a review of epidemiological data. The course addresses several prominent theories, models and frameworks used to help design, implement, and evaluate public health interventions. Examples of their application to specific public health efforts will be discussed. This course will help prepare students to incorporate theory-driven approaches, concepts, and frameworks into public health practice.Cr 3.

MPH 575 Health Systems Organization and Management
This course provides students with an overview of organizational structures and relationships, management tasks and responsibilities, and related operational skills and knowledge.  The course emphasizes evidence-based practices in the management of public health and healthcare organizations, human resources, performance and conflict management, and leadership skills.  In addition to a midterm and final, students will work with case studies and current organizational challenges encountered as communities and health systems seek new ways of doing business.  Cr 3.

MPH 625 Leadership and Professional Development
Students read and discuss the evolution of prevailing leadership theories, processes and dynamics in public health and health care systems, and evidence-based management and leadership methods. In addition to team development experience, students will begin or expand their exploration of personal values and professional development plans, and practice receptive and expressive communication skills.  Cr 3.

MPH 630 Health Planning and Marketing
Students gain familiarity with and practice applying the principles and concepts of systems thinking, planning and marketing, in the context of public health, health care delivery and health-related policy, practice and management. Students will explore the multi-disciplinary theories, metrics of planning and marketing methods, as well as the unique dimensions of health-related matters that influence their use in this field.  Cr 3.

MPH 635 Health Law and Ethics
Health Law and Ethics explores legal and ethical issues that permeate the public and private health care systems. Students examine key elements of our legal system that govern and influence healthcare, including the U.S. constitution, federal and state laws, administrative law and judicial decisions. Students will use the case study method to scrutinize ethical and legal issues in health practice, administration and research, and analyze functions and interactions between courts, legislators and regulators. Topics covered include: the regulatory oversight of health care affecting health care delivery, payment, market entry and access; current and historical issues in public health and ethics; and client/patient rights issues, such as consent, confidentiality, and healthcare decision making. This course explores the inherent tension between promoting the public health and protecting the legal and ethical rights and interests of individuals. Student will study a variety of ethical frameworks to reconcile dilemmas in healthcare practice and when the interests of the larger community may be at odds with those of individuals.  Cr 3.

MPH 639 Topics in Public Health II
This course (offered only periodically) will examine various selected topics in public health. Cr 3.

MPH 640 Health Finance I
The goal of this course is to provide students with an understanding of the basic concepts of financial and managerial accounting and how they are used in healthcare organizations to make managerial decisions. The course extends students’ understanding of the basic concepts to enable them to perform basic financial statement analysis. In addition, the use of accounting data to make managerial decisions about pricing and services is introduced. Finally, it provides students with skills that enable them to more effectively participate in budget processes and the evaluation of financial performance.  Cr 3.

MPH 645 Health Finance II
The goal of this course is to provide students with exposure to topics in financial management that extend their understanding of health care financial decision making. Topics introduced in this course include working capital management, the time value of money, capital investment analysis and capital financing. The course uses a case-study approach to enable to students to gain new analytical skills in health care finance as well as to reinforce basic financial and managerial accounting skills developed in the first course in health finance.Prerequisite: MPH 640 (or HPM 634).  Cr 2.

MPH 650 Applied Public Health Research and Evaluation
The goal of this course is to provide students with an understanding of the fundamentals of evaluation and research as applied to public health interventions. The course covers process, outcome, impact, and participatory evaluation, and a number of research/evaluation designs common in public health. Students will gain skills in framing evaluation questions, developing abstracts, writing a focus group moderator guide, and critiquing an evaluation plan. Prerequisites: MPH 565(or HPM 682).  Cr 3.

MPH 655 Public Health Practice
The goal of this course is to introduce students to fundamental skills that are used in everyday public health practice.  The course focuses on strategies for building and sustaining coalitions or partnerships, writing in public health, managing public health programs, addressing health literacy and investigating a disease outbreak. Cr 3.

MPH 660 Health Policy
Students gain an understanding of the political dynamics of health policy making and develop practical skills required for effective work as policy analysts and advocates in various settings. The course uses analytic models, case studies, guest speakers, readings, group discussion, and in-class exercises to promote a practical understanding of how ideas succeed—and fail—to become laws and regulations.  Cr 3.

MPH 665 Health Economics
The first part of this course (economics and public policy foundation) introduces the student to the basic concepts and analytical tools of microeconomics and demonstrates how these concepts are used in analyzing public policy problems and designing appropriate responses. The second part of this course, the health economics module, applies these concepts and tools to understand the demand for and supply of health care and the role that government plays in how resources are allocated within our health care and public health systems. Selected topics are presented in more depth including economic impact and cost-benefit analysis of public health interventions and the role that evidence-based medicine and health information technology may play in improving health care markets.  Cr 3.

MPH 670 Quality Improvement
The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the principles and practice of quality improvements as implemented by providers of health care, systems of care, community health and public health agencies. The content focuses on describing, measuring, improving, and evaluating the quality  and safety of health services for consumers and populations. Students develop competencies in identifying opportunities for quality improvement, selecting and using quality improvement tools and methods, and presenting their work in a professional context. Cr 3.

MPH 675 Health Information Management
This course addresses the uses of health information by managers. With an emphasis on strategic management that depends on timely, accurate information, the course inventories the numerous systems within public health and health care delivery systems.  Uses of such information for managing population health, and for identifying and addressing community needs and public health issues are also addressed. Other course topics include data security, the procurement of information systems, and the use of health information technology for process improvement.  Prerequisite:  MPH 525 (or instructor permission) Cr 3.

MPH 677 Regression Models in Health Sciences
This course will familiarize students with the use of regression models for the analysis of epidemiologic and other biomedical data. Topics will include multiple linear regression, logistic regression, log-linear models, proportional hazard models, Poisson regression, generalized linear models, goodness of fit, and analysis of residuals and other diagnostics. Students will work on individual projects and will learn to use SAS software for conducting analyses. Cr 3.

MPH 680 Professional Opportunities and Development
This course is a professional development seminar including informal conversations and networking opportunities.  Guests will include alumni and health leaders.  The course will meet five times during the semester.  Students will prepare personal professional development plans to help guide and shape their career paths.  Cr 1.

MPH 681 Seminar in Public Health – Behavioral Health
Persons in need of mental health care often encounter a fragmented array of public and private sector services, supported by restrictive financing. This course applies a public health perspective to the delivery of mental health services to analyze the needs of different groups for care and to help develop policies and strategies to better meet these needs. The course is taught in a seminar format and includes guest discussions from Maine’s mental health community. No previous background in mental health is required but students are expected to be active class participants. Course requirements include a short “response” paper on a mental health policy question; responsibility for leading/co-leading the discussion section of one class session; and a longer paper on a topic chosen by the student in consultation with the instructor.  Cr 3.

MPH 682 Seminar in Public Health – Long-Term Care
Persons in need of services and supports over the long term, and their loved ones, often encounter a fragmented array of public and private sector services, supported by restrictive financing and confusing policies. This course applies a public health perspective to the differing goals and varying needs of adults with need for assistance from others, and policies and strategies to address these needs. This seminar format course includes guest discussions with Maine’s long term care policy leaders. Topics addressed include the demographics of aging and disability, health services research on utilization and expenditures for long term services and supports, options and issues in independent living, home/community-based supports, and group living options, federal, state, and local program and policy trends, and evidence on emerging best practices from community development to slow medicine. Cr 3.

MPH 683 Patient Safety
Since the Institute of Medicine issued the ground-breaking To Err is Human report in 2000, the relatively recent field of patient safety has gained much attention. Preventable medical error is believed to be one of the leading causes of death and serious harm in the United States. This course provides an interdisciplinary, cross-setting overview of patient safety principles, techniques, and best practices. Topics addressed in the online course include the epidemiology of medical error, human factors engineering, common types of errors in various healthcare settings, and the applied practice of error mitigation and patient safety strategies. Students will also explore in depth patient safety improvement techniques most appropriate to their profession or setting of care. Cr. 3

MPH 685 Using Public Health Data
Students will gain hands-on experience working with data, analyzing data quality, and using data management and statistical analysis tools.  The goal of this course is to provide students with the technical skills to conduct and report basic quantitative analyses.  Students will explore commonly-used public health data sets.  Cr 3.

MPH 690 Public Health Policy for Children and Families
There are numerous Federal and state policies to support America’s children and families in early child care and education, child welfare, youth services and children’s health.  Most often, these policies focus on children and families in need or in trouble. These initiatives are often uncoordinated and address problems that are manifest and “downstream.” A prevention-focused public health perspective that promotes the health and well-being of children and families “upstream” has great potential to achieve better wellness and outcomes. This course examines the current frameworks for understanding children’s health and mental health, youth services, and child welfare. These frameworks are heavily informed by the growing knowledge base in early childhood development. We then examine current efforts to change policies to a population-based public health approach. The course includes guest lectures from members of Portland’s and Maine’s children and family services community. Course requirements include active class participation, writing an applied policy memo and a team case assignment involving changing a family child policy currently in place in Maine or nationally. The class will be conducted in a seminar format. Cr. 3

MPH 697 Independent Study
An independent study is a self-directed learning experience designed to develop a student’s ability to plan, organize, research, and report as well as develop specific skills beyond the classroom activity. Independent studies are intended to provide exposure to concepts or topics which are not covered by any other course in the program.  An independent study must be related to students’ academic program and is monitored by a program faculty member. Independent studies may take the form of either a reading or a special project.  Prerequisite: instructor permission.  Cr 3.

MPH 698 Field Experience
The Field Experience offers experience-based learning in a healthcare or public health organization. Students work in community health settings in organizations delivering and planning health or public health services on jointly developed projects or assignments based on the student’s interests and the organization’s needs. Sites include state or local public health agencies, hospitals, medical practices, clinics, special problem clinics and facilities, and environmental programs and services.  Prerequisite: instructor permission.  Cr 3.

MPH 699 Capstone
In this integrative, experience-based course, students work with a faculty advisor to develop and complete a project to address a management, policy or practice problem in their area of interest. Students develop and present a formal project proposal and present their final product upon completion.  Prerequisite: instructor permission.  Cr 3.

Public Policy & Management Courses

PPM 503C Applied Cost-Benefit Analysis
This course provides an opportunity to learn how to conduct cost-benefit analysis. Students will work individually and in teams to analyze the quantitative and qualitative issues involved in measuring and forecasting costs and benefits and in preparing analysis for decision makers. The emphasis will be on learning the practical issues involved in conducting cost-benefit analysis. It is assumed that students will be familiar with the underlying economic theory, either from an economics course or from the text. The course will use Microsoft Excel for the analytical exercises. Students may use another spreadsheet or statistics package, but instruction will focus on Excel. Cr 1.

PPM 503H Graphing Data with Excel
This course provides students with the skills to use graphs effectively, to illustrate data and communicate findings. Students will use Excel charting features to prepare and refine a variety of chart types, evaluate the technical aspects and communication impact of graphs and visual transformation of data. Cr 1.

PPM 511 Economic Business Data and Measurement
This course introduces students to economic and business data commonly used in public policy and to methodologies used in constructing data. Some knowledge of economics is preferred, but not required, through PPM 611 or any previous introductory economics course. In most classes an issue is featured with an underlying data set to frame the importance of understanding data and to make the course relevant to contemporary policy issues. Cr 3.

PPM 517 Practical Strategies for Effective Management
This course provides practical and hands-on tools and practices for effective management of complex organizations. Strategies include best practices in hiring and staff evaluation, succession management, time and communication management, goal setting, and other managerial and organizational approaches for day-to-day operations. Case studies and problem-solving strategies are integral to the course. This course is taught online. Cr 3

PPM 519 Communication for Public and Nonprofit Managers
Grounded in classic and contemporary communication theory, the class is designed to prepare managers to communicate effectively with multiple and diverse constituencies.  Through written assignments, lectures, case studies, and guest speakers students learn the best ways to employ social media and the web; develop outreach strategies; testify before legislative bodies; collaborate with the private sector; inform the general public of decisions and regulatory actions; convey scientific, legal, and technical information effectively; prepare briefing memos; and take advantage of the expertise of advisory groups and boards of directors. The class has a significant writing component and a class presentation. Cr 3.

PPM 521 Social Justice Theory and Policy Analysis
Public policy and planning often involve trade-offs between economic growth and efficiency and other societal goals including equity, equality, liberty, security, democracy and community cohesion. This course introduces students to social justice theories and debates. Course concepts are applied to topical areas such as poverty and inequality; economic development, displacement, and gentrification; affirmative action; civil rights and human rights; reproductive rights; criminal justice, rehabilitation, and punishment; environmental protection, economic growth, and social equity. Cr 3.

PPM 528 Comparative Public Policy and Administration
This course examines how and why policies on issues like social welfare, health, education, and immigration differ markedly from nation to nation. Can we find the answers in contrasting cultures, societal organizations, policy processes, or some mix of all of these explanations? Analytical tools and information will be introduced to help develop skills of critical analysis for a better understanding of public policy and organizational management in a comparative context, providing an opportunity to explore how and why public policies among various nations differ, how they are shaped by different administrative structures, and providing useful information to those whose career paths include a global perspective. Cr 3.

PPM 531 Measuring Performance in the Public and Nonprofit Sectors
This course is an introduction to performance measurement, monitoring, and reporting and related activities such as benchmarking for consumer and citizen use, and service efforts and accomplishments reporting. Students who complete the course will be prepared to develop basic performance indicators for public and nonprofit agencies in a variety of policy and management arenas. Specific attention is given to reviewing a variety of performance indicator systems currently in use or under development in Maine and elsewhere. Readings, interactive lectures, guided Internet research, class work, and graded assignments will be designed to help students understand how to do performance measurement and will provide students with practice conceptualizing and developing measures. An emphasis will be placed on “hands-on” learning so that students gain confidence in using measurement techniques and learn how to apply practical measurement strategies in real world settings. Cr 3.

PPM 533 State Administration and Policy
Study of the management of state government and policy creation at the state level. Understanding of managerial problems confronting managers in state government. Emphasis on state governments as innovators and their role in comparison to federal and local government. The course is divided into two parts, understanding the management aspects and comparison of the practices that lead to different state policies. A comparative paper will be a major component of the course. Students will keep in touch with current activities of states through magazine and local papers regarding Maine state government. Most topics will be developed through article readings. Cr 3

PPM 534 Managing Cities, Towns and Counties
Overview of the key responsibilities and activities associated with the administration of local and county government. Appreciation of the dynamics and politics of the administration of local government entities. Special emphasis will be placed on examining emerging management issues that have sparked a new demand for excellence and innovation in local governmentsCr 3.

PPM 535 Managing in the Nonprofit Sector
An examination of the managerial dimensions of nonprofit organizations. Major foci include the nonprofit environment, organizational roles and processes, interagency relationships, and problems of change and adaptability. Specific attention is given to current issues in nonprofit management such as strategic planning, board/staff relationships, computerization of the workplace, fund raising, and volunteer development. Cr 3.

PPM 545 Grant Writing and Development in the Nonprofit Organization
Concentrates on the process of securing the resources to support effective nonprofit projects. The goal of the course is to prepare students to identify sources of funding, write proposals that will attract grant awards, and develop an understanding of what it takes to build an organization that foundations, public entities, and individual donors are confident in supporting. The course will begin with an examination of current trends in this post-industrial economy in which money is available to the voluntary and private sector. It will also focus on the importance of understanding the “ways of money” and knowing how to develop and administer a budget that will inspire trust in the organization’s reputation for effectively managing its programs and its fiscal resources. Cr 3.

PPM 550 State and Regional Economic Development
This course surveys basic regional economic concepts, economic impact analysis, and economic modeling. Students work extensively with economic data for Maine and other states. Cr 3.

PPM 553 Volunteer Engagement and Management
Volunteer engagement and management focuses on the dynamics of volunteerism in nonprofit organizations and in the life of communities. This course exposes students to strategic and comprehensive skills for managing volunteers, and examines definitions, values, and standards as well as what constitutes effective practice in the field of volunteer resources management today. While the course is especially designed for current or future executives and managers of nonprofit organizations and volunteers, it will also benefit others who plan to work with volunteers and those who want to develop their own vision or work on policy in the field of volunteerism. Cr 3.

PPM 601 Applied Statistics for Public Policy and Management
Introduces students to a variety of analytical approaches to studying management, planning, and policy questions. The course concentrates on the acquisition of skills that will enable students to choose and apply statistical methodology appropriately, and to evaluate critically work done by others. Topics include data description and summarization, introduction to inferential statistics, hypothesis testing, measures of association, correlation analysis, and introduction to linear regression analysis. Cr 3.

PPM 602 Research Design
Focuses on social research as it applies to policy and organizational analysis. Emphasis is on the employment of the scientific method. Basic dimensions of social science inquiry are covered: philosophy of science, research ethics, working with human subjects, processes of theory construction, hypothesis testing, validity and reliability issues of measurement, and methods of data collection. Includes survey of applied social research techniques. Course materials are specifically designed to illustrate particular research problems faced by policy analysts and public/nonprofit managers. The course prepares students to undertake a variety of capstone projects. Prerequisite: PPM 601. Cr 3.

PPM 603D Special Topics: Methods of Analysis
Selected topics in methods of analysis determined from time to time. Cr 1.

PPM 603F Introduction to Correlation and Regression Methods
Provides an introduction to explanatory data modeling using correlation analysis and linear regression. The course may be taken to obtain an initial introduction to these topics or as a refresher for students with some previous exposure to correlation and regression analysis. The course emphasizes application to real world policy, planning, and management issues. Prerequisite: PPM 601 or instructor permission. Cr 1.

PPM 603G Hands-on Multiple Regression
A computer based course that extends and refines students understanding of basic regression analysis. Using data supplied by the instructor, students build models to practice regression methods, to see how violations of regression assumptions affect model parameters, and to learn to diagnose problems, evaluate impact, and take remedial action where indicated. Prerequisite: PPM 601 or equivalent introduction to correlation and regression analysis.  Cr 1.

PPM 603I Computer Applications and Data Analysis
Introduces students to a selected quantitative or qualitative software package for analyzing research. Emphasizes acquiring competency using the software with real world research problems and data. Cr 1.

PPM 603K Qualitative Data Analysis
This course introduces students to the processes of coding and developing themes from non-numeric data with the use of a software program. Much of the work of the course is hands-on data analysis and the development of written propositions towards theory building or other type of analytic findings. Prerequisite: PPM 602 or instructor permission. Cr 1.

PPM 604 Evaluation Methods
Introduces students to the methods and techniques used to assess effectiveness and monitor the performance of programs, whether provided directly by government agency or under contract. Specific attention is given to problem formulation, determination of evaluation or assessment plan, conducting the research, and presenting results for the intended audiences. Information gathering through surveys and interviews as well as statistical analysis of data are emphasized. Evaluating research done by others and the RFP process of obtaining evaluators is covered. Prerequisite: PPM 601 and PPM 602. Cr 3.

PPM 605 Advanced Research Methods
Provides an examination of selected multivariate statistical techniques used in public policy research.  Prerequisite: PPM 601 (or instructor permission). Cr 3.

PPM 606 Survey Methods and Design
Teaches students to design, administer and analyze questionnaires. Practical applications in policy analysis, planning and management are emphasized. SPSS is used for survey analysis. Some previous exposure to SPSS and familiarity with spreadsheets is helpful. Cr 3.

PPM 610 Foundations of Public Policy and Management
Examines the relationship between the political process, policy-making, and public management. Topics include policy formulation, adoption, implementation, and evaluation. Specific attention is given to the ways that key political variables influence public policy; the role of policy analysis in government; contemporary issues of public policy; and how policy is implemented through planning, organizing, and other administrative processes. Cr 3.

PPM 611 Economics and Public Policy
This course introduces students to the basic concepts and analytical tools of microeconomics and demonstrates how these concepts are used in analyzing public policy problems and designing appropriate responses. Following an exposition of the basic theoretical and analytical concepts in a public policy context, the course examines the role and limitations of economics in public policy making using a case study. The course assumes little or no familiarity with economics; students who have taken undergraduate courses in microeconomics will generally find the public policy focus of the course useful. Cr 3.

PPM 614: Public Service Ethics
We live and work in an era where there is general public outrage and confusion over the role of government in America. Government employees try to do important work while facing challenges from budget cuts, downsizing, furloughs, and a lack of public respect for their mission. At the same time, government agencies increasingly “outsource” functions to private not- for- profit or for- profit entities that face sometimes conflicting obligations as to their “real” clients, the government agency that contracted with them or the citizens they serve. This course develops analytical tools and practices to cultivate a better understanding of ethics and public service. Topics include: the role of the “public servant,” both past and present; case studies about conflicts between government agencies, elected officials, and the public; and ways of managing internal conflicts in policy and management within organizations. 3 Credits.

PPM 615 Public Service Management and Leadership
This foundational course considers contemporary perspectives, issues and strategies regarding the management of public sector organizations, the importance of public service and provides a basic understanding of public management theory and the application of theory to governmental and other public and nonprofit sector institutions. Topics covered include a wide range of public management concerns including community governance and public participation, managing collective action, partnership and collaboration, strategy and innovation, nonprofit service delivery, leadership and trust. The course prepares students to become public and nonprofit managers and leaders of public and not-for-profit institutions who can enhance the capability of these institutions. The course presents a realistic view of effective management and leadership in government and nonprofit organizations and the ways in which these organizations work and interact and focuses on the creation of social and public value, keeping in mind that economic and private value creation is often a part of public and non-profit management. Cr 3.

PPM 620 Introduction to Policy Analysis
The first part of the course covers the theoretical and conceptual frameworks that guide policy analysis, including neoclassical microeconomics and its extensions and political economic theories of distributive justice, public choice, and government failure. The second part of the course covers the steps of policy analysis process (problem identification and definition, specification of policy solutions, and the evaluation and comparison of the solutions) and the various data collection and analytic techniques used at each step. Real-life examples and case studies are used throughout to provide concrete illustrations of the components of policy analysis. The course will enable students to critically evaluate policies, policy analyses, and the policy analysis process itself. Prerequisite:  PPM 601 (or MPH/AMS 545) and PPM/MPH 611 or instructor permission. Cr 3.

PPM 622 Applied Policy Analysis
Using case studies of policy issues at the national, state, and local levels, this course introduces students to various techniques of policy analysis. Topics and case studies will change, but will include policy issues involving tops such as infrastructure, education, social services, national security, economic development, natural resource management, and the environment. Methods covered may include forecasting, multi-criteria analysis, decision analysis, economic impact analysis, and historical interpretation. Prerequisite: PPM 620 or instructor permission. Cr 3.

PPM 623 Risk and Public Policy
Introduces students to varied models for the conceptualization and management of risk. Emphasis is given to analytic frameworks and findings on how individuals and communities respond to risk information bearing on health. Ethical issues and responsibilities in risk management will also be considered. Draws on multiple perspectives, including medical, social, environmental, and political sciences. Cr 3.

PPM 630 Public Service Innovation and Change
Examines how effective organizations set goals, structure themselves, measure performance, adapt to their environment and innovate, work with diverse constituencies, manage change and internal conflict, and make decisions. Emphasis is given to techniques of analysis that can be used to understand and manage these various organizational functions. Cr 3.

PPM 632 Human Resource Management in Public, Nonprofit, and Health Organizations
This course examines human resource management in the public, nonprofit, and health sectors and introduces basic conceptual frameworks, techniques of analysis as well as the management of human resources in organizations. This course evaluates and synthesizes from a management perspective the theory and practice of strategically developing, utilizing and aligning human resources to improve the organizational culture, quality and outcomes of nonprofit, public and health organizations. Topics include the historical development of employment systems and the notion of work, the functions associated with personnel management (e.g., workforce planning and budgeting, recruitment, retention, selection, performance appraisal, compensation, training, and development) and considers contemporary human resource management issues such as strategic human resource management, downsizing and workforce reductions, benchmarking and knowledge management, as well as work-life balance issues, workforce demographics, and the impact of technology. Cr 3.

PPM 633 Strategic Planning in the Public and Nonprofit Sectors
Examines how public organizations can utilize strategic planning in responding to environmental change and the future. Approaches to and techniques of strategic planning are covered, including goal-setting, environmental scanning, resource audits, and the formulation of strategy and its implementation. Examples are drawn from Maine state and local government and the nonprofit sector. Cr 3.

PPM 636 Management Information Systems in the Public and Nonprofit Sectors
Designed to give those who work in the public and nonprofit sectors the knowledge and skills they need to understand the underlying principles and theories of management information systems and the roles which they play in public and nonprofit organizations. Students will participate in the design, implementation, and evaluation of information systems in their organizations, and become conversant with key issues and problems in contemporary public policy and law relative to information policy and telecommunications. Cr 3.

PPM 637 Intergovernmental Relations
This course analyzes the revolutionary changes taking place in traditional relationships among the federal, state, and local levels of government. Topics include: how traditional intergovernmental approaches are changing and what those changes mean for the future of government; what innovative policies and methods federal, state, and local governments are using to make policy and deliver services in an era of declining resources; and how governments are using mandates to enforce policy decisions at other levels of government. Special attention will be given to Maine state and local governments as well as national trends and perspectives. Cr 3.

PPM 638 Philanthropy and Social Entrepreneurship
This course examines the intricate and sometimes secretive composition and dynamics of the foundation universe found in the U.S. today generally and in Maine specifically. Central questions to this course of study are: what are foundations’ guiding principles and why do they act as they do? This seminar-based course will be offered to students with two goals in mind: total immersion in the elements of the foundation world and practical and theoretical exposure to foundation grant/project approval procedures. Cr 3.

PPM 639 Topics in Public Policy and Management
This course (offered only periodically) will examine various selected topics in public management. Cr 3.

PPM 640 Public Finance and Budgeting
Equips students with the knowledge, vocabulary, skills, and practical tools needed to participate skillfully and ethically in public finance decision-making and to assume a leadership role in guiding dialogue about resource acquisition and allocation choices. Teaches participants to assess context, to identify and analyze budgetary opportunities and constraints facing state and local decision-makers, to generate and evaluate alternatives using frameworks from public finance, and to project impact of choices, including identifying the potential for unintended consequences. State and local governments are the focus of the course, with the federal budget considered only from the perspective of its impacts on the economies and fiscal options of lower governmental levels. Cr 3.

PPM 641 Public & Nonprofit Financial Management
Examines the management of finances in public and nonprofit organizations from the perspective of managers. Topics include an introduction to governmental accounting, working with financial statements, financial ratio analysis, internal resource analysis, fraud prevention, cash budgeting, fiscal administration, and measuring financial condition and long term fiscal health. Cr 3.

PPM 642 Policy Issues in State and Local Finance
This course complements the coverage of PPM 640, Public Finance and Budgeting, by examining significant state-local finance policy issues. Core coverage includes fiscal challenges facing the metropolis, education finance goals and policies, and topics in property taxation such as tax incentives for business, tax exemptions for charities and other organizations, and policy offsets to improve equity and reduce burden. Additional topics are selected from current research directions and policy debates, for example, the adequacy of pension financing, the impacts of recession on municipal fiscal stress, and causes and effects of the volatility of individual income and sales tax collections. Cr 3.

PPM 666 Environmental Policy
A seminar on environmental issues in Maine, New England, and the nation. Topics may include air quality, water quality, toxic and hazardous waste management, solid waste management, wildlife habitat, landscape degradation. Federal, state, and local roles in reconciling natural resource threats, economic growth, property rights, and the public interest will be explored. Cr 3.

PPM 695 Independent Study
An independent study is a self-directed learning experience designed to develop a student’s ability to plan, organize, research, and report as well as develop specific skills beyond the classroom activity. Independent studies are intended to provide exposure to concepts or topics which are not covered by any other course in the program.  An independent study must be related to students’ academic program and is monitored by a program faculty member. Independent studies may take the form of either a reading or a special project.  Prerequisite: Instructor and Program Chair permission. Cr 3.

PPM 696 Field Experience
Determination of whether a field experience will be required will be made upon admission to the program. The field experience will be designated to expose students to the formulation and implementation of public policy in a work setting. It will usually be with a public or nonprofit agency, although internships with private agencies involved in a public policy issue may be accepted. Prerequisite: Instructor permission. Cr 0.

PPM 698 Capstone Seminar
The capstone seminar provides students with a classroom setting in which they work on team capstone projects under faculty supervision. With instructor permission, a student may undertake an individual project.  Projects may take many forms, for example: a piece of policy research, development of a strategic plan for a public or nonprofit agency, an organizational or human resource analysis, a case study, a survey, or a financial or budgetary study. The seminar meets at various times during the semester to facilitate project management and task completion, and provide students an opportunity to seek input and learn about peers' projects. Prerequisite: Instructor permission. Cr 3.

PPM 699 Capstone Project
The capstone project is undertaken by individual students or small teams who work independently under supervision of a faculty capstone advisor. The projects, whether individual or group-based, may take many forms, for example: a piece of policy research, development of a strategic plan for a public or nonprofit agency, an organizational or human resource analysis, a case study, a suryvey, or a financial or budgetary study. Students enrolling in the capstone project work with the capstone advisor to decide topics and develop workplans.  Students arrange meetings with their capstone advisor directly, as needed.  Prerequisite: Instructor permission. Cr 3.